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Mémoire de Maîtrise
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2012.tde-11072012-112431
Document
Auteur
Nom complet
Michelle Buscarilli de Moraes
Adresse Mail
Unité de l'USP
Domain de Connaissance
Date de Soutenance
Editeur
São Paulo, 2012
Directeur
Jury
Toledo, Sergio Pereira de Almeida (Président)
Fragoso, Maria Candida Barisson Villares
Monte, Osmar
Titre en portugais
Análise do status somático dos genes MEN1, AIP e p27Kip1 em tumores de pacientes com neoplasia endócrina múltipla tipo 1
Mots-clés en portugais
Genes supressores de tumores
Neoplasia endócrina múltipla tipo 1
Perda de heterozigosidade
Tumores/análise
Resumé en portugais
Aproximadamente 80% dos casos com Neoplasia endócrina múltipla tipo 1 (NEM1) possuem mutações germinativas no gene supressor de tumor MEN1, que os predispõem a tumores nas glândulas paratireóides, pâncreas endócrino e hipófise, além de outros tumores não endócrinos. A tumorigênese dos mais de 20 diferentes tipos de neoplasias já descritas na NEM1 ocorre pela presença da mutação germinativa MEN1 associadas a um segundo evento mutacional nas células desses tecidos, levando à perda de heterozigose (LOH) do locus do gene MEN1 (11q13) e à inativação da proteína supressora de tumor codificada por esse gene, a proteína MENIN. Recentemente, mutações germinativas em outros genes foram descritas em casos com NEM1 sem mutações no gene MEN1. Esses novos genes (CDKN1A, CDKN1B, CDNK2B e CDKN2C) codificam proteínas envolvidas no controle do ciclo celular (p21, p27, p15 e p18), chamadas proteínas inibidoras de quinases dependentes de ciclinas. Outro gene, chamado AIP, que codifica uma proteína chaperona de mesmo nome, também foi recentemente descrito associado à NEM1. Esses trabalhos descreveram o papel desses novos genes na NEM1, em nível germinativo, entretanto não esclareceu se esses novos genes estão inativados nos tumores de pacientes com NEM1 com mutação MEN1. O presente estudo investigou, pela primeira vez, o status somático do gene p27Kip1 em pacientes com mutação MEN1 e identificou quatro possíveis perda de heterozigose (LOH) em tumores de paratireóides e pâncreas, sugerindo que além de 11q13LOH, os tumores NEM1 podem sofrer raras perdas adicionais do gene supressor tumoral p27Kip1. Essas são as primeiras evidências na literatura de um processo de tumorigênese multi-step na NEM1, envolvendo três eventos genéticos: 1- Mutação germinativa MEN1; 2- 11q13-LOH; 3- Perda somática do gene supressor de tumor p27Kip1/CDKN1B
Titre en anglais
Analysis of the status of somatic and p27Kip1 genes in tumors from patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
Mots-clés en anglais
Loss of heterozygosity
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
Tumor suppressor genes
Tumors/analysis
Resumé en anglais
Approximately 80% of cases with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) harbor a germline mutation in the tumor suppressor gene MEN1, which predisposes these patients to tumors comprehending the parathyroid and pituitary glands, endocrine pancreas and others non-endocrine tumors. The tumorigenesis of the more than 20 different types of tumors already described in the MEN1 syndrome occurs due to a MEN1 germline mutation associated with a second mutational event in the cells of these tissues, leading to loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the MEN1 gene locus (11q13) and therefore inactivation of tumor suppressor protein encoded by this gene, MENIN protein. Recently, germline mutations in other genes have been described in cases with MEN1 without any detectable mutations in the MEN1 gene. These novel genes (CDKN1A, CDKN1B, CDNK2B and CDKN2C) encode proteins involved in the control of the cell cycle (p21, p27, p15 and p18), called cyclin dependent kinases inhibitors. Another gene, called AIP, which encodes a chaperon protein with the same name, was recently described associated with MEN1 phenotypes. These data described a role for these novel genes in the germline level, however whether they are inactivated in tumors of patients with MEN1 mutation is so far not clarified. The present study investigated for the first time, the somatic status of p27KIP1 gene mutation in patients with MEN1 and identified four possible loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in tumors of the parathyroid and pancreas, suggesting that in addition 11q13-LOH, MEN1 tumors may suffer rare loss additional tumor suppressor gene p27KIP1. These are the first evidence in the literature of a process of tumorigenesis in MEN1 multi-step, involving three genetic events: 1-MEN1germlinemutation; 2-11q13LOH; 3-Loss of somatic tumor suppressor gene p27Kip1/CDKN1B
 
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Date de Publication
2012-07-12
 
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