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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2007.tde-19082010-103153
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Teresa Rodriguez Viso
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Barone, Antonio Alci (President)
Alves, Venancio Avancini Ferreira
Ferreira Filho, Raimundo Paraná
Ferreira, Marcelo Simão
Focaccia, Roberto
Title in Portuguese
Hepatite C crônica e citocinas - estudo no soro e no fígado
Keywords in Portuguese
Citocinas
Hepatite C crônica
Hepatite C crônica/fisiopatologia
Imunoistoquímica
Linfócitos T
Abstract in Portuguese
INTRODUÇÃO: A patogênese da hepatite C crônica resulta principalmente de mecanismos imuno-mediados com a atuação central das citocinas tanto na lesão hepatocelular como na eliminação e na persistência do vírus da hepatite C (VHC). OBJETIVOS: Investigar a resposta imune adaptativa da hepatite C crônica através da expressão das células inflamatórias no tecido hepático e de citocinas no tecido hepático e no sangue, relacionando-os com dados demográficos, laboratoriais e histológicos. MÉTODOS: Pacientes com hepatite C crônica, virgens de tratamento foram selecionados no ambulatório de Moléstias Infecciosas do Hospital das Clínicas. Foram utilizados dois grupos controles para comparação: de doadores de sangue saudáveis e fragmentos de biópsia hepática de doadores de órgãos. Todos os controles selecionados não tinham evidência de hepatopatia. As seguintes citocinas foram analisadas no sangue pelo método quantitativo de ELISA no sangue dos casos e dos doadores de sangue: interleucina (IL) 1, IL2, IL4, IL6, IL 10, interferon (IFN) , fator de necrose tumoral (TNF) e fator de crescimento e transformação (TGF) . As mesmas citocinas e as populações celulares CD4+, CD8+, CD45RO+, CD57+, CD68+ e S100 foram quantificadas através de método imuno-histoquímico no espaço portal e no lobo hepático dos casos e dos doadores de fígado. Esses dados foram posteriormente associados às alterações histológicas pela classificação de Ishak. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionados 51 pacientes com hepatite C crônica, 58% do gênero masculino; 66,6% brancos e média de idade de 39 anos (variando de 20 a 59). Foram selecionados 33 doadores de órgãos e 51 doadores de sangue. Comparando com os doadores de sangue, os casos apresentaram maiores níveis séricos de IL2 (p <0,001), IL10 (p <0,001), INF (p 0,018) e TGF (p <0,001). Na análise das biópsias hepáticas, os casos apresentaram maior expressão de LTCD4+ portais (p <0,001), LTCD8+ portais (p <0,001), IL4 lobular (p 0,001), IL10 lobular (p 0,007), INF lobular (p <0,001), TNF portal (p <0,001) e lobular (p <0,001), TGF portal (p <0,001) e lobular (p <0,001) do que os doadores de órgãos. Entre os casos, houve correlações significantes diretas entre os seguintes marcadores e as alterações histológicas: CD4+ portal com a atividade peri portal (p 0,004); CD4+ lobular com a atividade lobular (p 0,017); TGF lobular com a atividade lobular (p 0,016); IL1 portal com atividade peri portal (p 0,009) e IL8 do sangue e fibrose (p 0,036). As populações celulares foram correlacionadas às citocinas no fígado dos casos e houve significância direta entre: CD4+ portal e TNF portal (p 0,004); CD8+ portal e TGF portal (p 0,030); CD57+ portal e IL10 portal (p 0,008); CD57+ lobular com TGF lobular (p 0,040) e IL2 lobular (p 0,048); S100 portal e IL10 portal (p 0,014). Não houve correlação significante entre as citocinas do fígado e as citocinas do sangue nos pacientes com hepatite C crônica. A carga viral do VHC teve correlação indireta com LTCD8+ lobulares (p 0,020), IL2 portal (p 0.049) e lobular (p 0.004). DISCUSSÃO: O comando da resposta imune nesta casuística foi orquestrado pelos linfócitos T CD4+ e CD8+, com predomínio da resposta Th1 e o principal local dos eventos foi o espaço portal. A compartimentalização da resposta imune ao VHC foi evidenciada pela ausência de correlações significantes entre as citocinas do tecido hepático e do sangue nos pacientes com hepatite C crônica.
Title in English
Hepatitis C and cytokines - study in blood and liver
Keywords in English
Chronic hepatitis C
Chronic hepatitis C/physiopathology
Cytokines
Immunohistochemistry
T-lymphocytes
Abstract in English
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis C results mainly of immunological mechanisms with cytokines playing a central role in hepatocellular necrosis and in the immunopathogenic process involved in viral clearance and persistence. AIM: To investigate immune response to hepatitis C virus (HCV) through expression of inflamatory cells in liver and cytokines in liver and serum, and assess the relationship with demografic, laboratorial and histological features. METHODS: Naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C were selected from Infectious Diseases Division at a University Hospital. Two sets of controls were selected for comparison: healthy blood donors and liver biopsy specimens from liver donors. All controls had no evidence of hepatic disease. The following cytokines were analyzed by quantitative ELISA method in serum of cases and healthy blood donor controls: interleukin (IL) 1, IL2, IL4, IL6, IL10, interferon (IFN) , tumor necrosis factor (TNF) , and transforming growth factor (TGF) . The same cytokines and cellular populations of CD4+ T lymphocytes (TL), CD8+ TL, CD45+, CD57+, CD68+ and S100 were quantified by immunohistochemistry in acinar and portal spaces in liver biopsies of cases and liver donor controls. These data were additionally associated to histological parameters by Ishak Score. RESULTS: Were selected 51 patients with chronic hepatitis C, 58% were males; 66,6% white and the median age was 39 (range 20 to 59) years. Were selected 33 liver donors and 51 blood donors. Compared with heathy blood donor controls, cases showed higher levels of IL2 (p <0.001), IL10 (p <0.001), INF (p 0.018) and TGF (p <0.001). In liver biopsy analyses, cases showed greater expression of the following cell populations and cytokines: portal CD4+ TL (p <0.001), portal CD8+ (p <0.001), acinar IL4 (p 0.001), acinar IL10 (p 0.007), acinar INF (p <0.001), portal TNF (p <0.001), acinar TNF (p <0.001), portal TGF (p <0.001) and acinar TGF (p <0.001). Among cases, significant positive correlations were found between the following markers and Ishak graded patterns: portal CD4+TL and periportal inflammation (p 0.004); acinar CD4+ and focal inflammation (p 0.017); acinar TGF and focal inflammation (p 0.016); portal IL1 and periportal inflammation (p 0.009) and IL8 in blood and fibrosis (p 0.036). The cellular populations were correlated to cytokines in liver of hepatitis C patients and there was significant positive correlation between: portal CD4+ and portal TNF (p 0.004); portal CD8+ TL and portal TGF (p 0,030); portal CD57+ and portal IL10 (p 0,008); acinar CD57+ and acinar TGF (p 0,040) and acinar IL2 (p 0,048); portal S100 and portal IL10 (p 0,014). No significant correlation was found between liver and serum cytokines in cases. Hepatitis C viremia was inversely correlated to acinar CD8+ TL (p 0.020); portal (p 0.049) and acinar IL2 (p 0.004). DISCUSSION: The command of the immune response in this casuistic was orchestrated by CD4+ TL and CD8+ T lymphocytes, with predominance of Th1 answer, and the main site where of the events ocurred was the portal space. The compartimentalization of immune response to HCV was evidenced by the absence of significant correlations between cytokines in hepatic tissue and blood from patients with chronic hepatitis C.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-08-19
 
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