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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2017.tde-10012017-112943
Document
Author
Full name
Emanuela Avelar Silva Costa
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Segurado, Aluisio Augusto Cotrim (President)
Araújo, Abelardo de Queiroz Campos
Cunha Neto, Edecio
Araujo, Adele Caterino de
Sabino, Ester Cerdeira
Title in Portuguese
Expressão de microRNAs em indivíduos com infecção assintomática e com mielopatia associada ao HTLV-1/paraparesia espástica tropical (HAM/TSP)
Keywords in Portuguese
Infecções por HTLV-1
Linfócitos T CD4-positivos
Linfócitos T CD8-positivos
microRNAs
Mielopatia associada ao HTLV-1/paraparesia espástica tropical
Vírus linfotrópico de células T humanas tipo 1
Abstract in Portuguese
Embora o vírus linfotrópico de células T humanas do tipo 1 (HTLV-1) seja reconhecido como o agente etiológico da leucemia/linfoma de células T do adulto (ATL) e da paraparesia espástica tropical/mielopatia associada ao HTLV-1 (HAM/TSP), cerca de 90% dos indivíduos infectados permanecem assintomáticos por toda a vida. Até o presente momento, os fatores associados ao desenvolvimento de doença relacionada ao HTLV-1 não foram totalmente elucidados. Sabe-se que o aumento da carga proviral e a expressão de genes virais estão envolvidos no desenvolvimento/progressão de doenças associadas ao HTLV-1. Assim, por exemplo, a proteína Tax modula genes envolvidos na patogênese da HAM/TSP e genes regulados por HBZ estimulam a proliferação de linfócitos T, induzindo a ATL. Desde a última década, diversos estudos têm demonstrado que células transformadas pelo HTLV-1 apresentam microRNAs do hospedeiro desregulados, o que poderia promover alteração na expressão de genes virais (tax e HBZ), com possível contribuição para o desenvolvimento de HAM/TSP e ATL. Diante desses indícios, o presente estudo teve como objetivos: i) quantificar a expressão de miRNAs humanos conhecidos em células T CD4+ e T CD8+ do sangue periférico de indivíduos assintomáticos infectados por HTLV-1 e de pacientes com HAM/TSP; ii) identificar padrões diferenciais de expressão de miRNAs desregulados que pudessem caracterizar os grupos de pacientes de acordo com sua condição clínica; iii) investigar associações dos padrões diferenciais de expressão de miRNAs com a carga proviral e com a expressão dos genes tax e HBZ de HTLV-1. Analisou-se o perfil de expressão de 754 miRNAs em células T CD4+ e TCD8+ infectadas por HTLV-1 em 19 indivíduos assintomáticos, 17 pacientes com HAM/TSP e 14 controles não infectados. Foram detectados 10 miRNAs diferencialmente expressos no grupo HAM, quando comparados ao grupo ASS (super-expressos: hsa-miR-133a, -148a, -211, -330, -369-5p, -486 e -889 e sub-expressos: hsa-miR-520b, -520e e -566). A expressão alterada dos hsa-miR-133a, -148a, -211, e -889 (super-expressos) e do hsa-miR-520b (sub-expresso) foi correlacionada à carga proviral e a do hsa-miR-211 (super-expresso) à expressão de tax. Além disso, ao analisar as vias canônicas geradas no estudo, identificaram-se as moléculas IL6ST, PTPN11, MAP2K5, ELK4, AKT1, BAD, FOSL1, IRAK 3, CDC42, STAT3 e CREB A como potencialmente afetadas pela expressão alterada de miRNAs no grupo HAM, quando comparado com o grupo ASS. Tais achados mostram-se úteis para o delineamento futuro de estudos longitudinais com indivíduos infectados por HTLV-1, com vistas à identificação de biomarcadores prognósticos de risco para o desenvolvimento de HAM/TSP.
Title in English
MicroRNA expression in HTLV-1 asymptomatic carriers and in patients with HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP)
Keywords in English
CD4+ T lymphocytes
CD8+ T lymphocytes
HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic pararesis
HTLV-I infections
Human lymphotropic vírus type 1
microRNAs
Abstract in English
Even though human lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is etiologically linked to adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and to HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), about 90% of infected individuals remain asymptomatic lifelong. So far, factors that are associated with development of HTLV-1-related disease have not been totally clarified. Increase in proviral load and expression of viral genes are recognized as involved in disease development and progression. For instance, the Tax protein is known to modulate genes that are involved in HAM/TSP pathogenesis and HBZ-regulated genes account for T lymphocyte proliferation that leads to ATL. In the last decade, several studies have shown that HTLV-1-transformed cells exhibit dysregulated human microRNA expression, which could result in altered viral gene expression (tax and HBZ), contributing to the development of HAM/TSP and ATL. Based on this evidence, our study aimed at: i) quantifying known human miRNA expression in CD4+ and CD8+ peripheral blood T-cells from HTLV-1 asymptomatic carriers and patients with HAM/TSP; ii) identifying distinctive dysregulated miRNA expression profiles that could distinguish patients according to their clinical status; iii) investigating associations between differential miRNA expression profiles with proviral load and with HTLV-1 tax and HBZ gene expression. We analysed the expression profile of 754 miRNAs in CD4+ e CD8+ peripheral blood T cells from 19 HTLV-1 asymptomatic carriers (AC), 17 patients with HAM/TSP (HAM) and in 14 non-infected controls. Ten differentially expressed miRNAs were found in HAM, as compared with AC (overexpressed: hsa-miR-133a, -148a, -211, -330, -369-5p, -486 and -889; and underexpressed: hsa-miR-520b, -520e and -566). Altered expression of hsa-miR-133a, -148a, -211, and -889 (overexpressed) and of hsa-miR-520b (underexpressed) was shown to be correlated with proviral load and that of hsa-miR-211 (overexpressed) with tax expression. Moreover, analysing the miRNA canonical pathways generated in this study, we identified IL6ST, PTPN11, MAP2K5, ELK4, AKT1, BAD, FOSL1, IRAK 3, CDC42, STAT3 and CREB A as molecules that are potentially affected by altered miRNA expression in HAM, as compared to AC. Our findings are useful for the future design of longitudinal studies of HTLV-1 infected cohorts, aiming at the recognition of prognostic biomarkers of risk for the development of HAM/TSP
 
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Publishing Date
2017-01-10
 
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