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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2015.tde-09062015-124404
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Luiza de Castro Conde Toscano
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Corrêa, Maria Cassia Jacintho Mendes (President)
Gryschek, Ronaldo Cesar Borges
Moreira, Regina Celia
Title in Portuguese
Evolução dos marcadores sorológicos da hepatite B, AgHBs e AgHBe, em pacientes AgHBs positivos coinfectados com o vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV)
Keywords in Portuguese
Coinfecção
Hepatite B crônica
HIV
Marcadores biológicos/sangue
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: A evolução dos marcadores sorológicos da hepatite B em pacientes com hepatite B crônica coinfectados com o vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV) tem sido pouco documentada. Objetivos: O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever a evolução dos marcadores sorológicos AgHBe e AgHBs, com ênfase na avaliação da frequência de perda definitiva ou transitória desses marcadores, neste grupo de pacientes. Buscamos, também, comparar as variáveis clínicas e demográficas desses pacientes segundo a evolução desses marcadores sorológicos. Pacientes e métodos: A população de estudo foi composta por pacientes atendidos em um ambulatório de referência para atendimento a pacientes infectados pelo HIV em São Paulo, Brasil. Todos os pacientes selecionados eram portadores de HIV e de hepatite B crônica. Foram incluídos nesse estudo pacientes AgHBs positivos, com confirmação da presença desse marcador em, no mínimo, duas sorologias consecutivas, com intervalo mínimo de seis meses entre elas. Variáveis clínicas foram coletadas: idade, sexo, fator de exposição ao HIV/VHB, contagem de células T CD4+, carga viral do HIV, níveis de alaninoaminotransferase (ALT), uso de terapia antirretroviral, incluindo lamivudina, tenofovir ou outras drogas com ação anti-VHB. Resultados: Entre 2.242 pacientes HIV positivos encontrados, foram identificados 105 (4,68%) pacientes com hepatite B crônica. O tempo de seguimento variou de 06 meses a 20,5 anos e o número de coletas variou de 2 a 18 por paciente no período. A maioria dos pacientes era do sexo masculino (97%) e 43,9% (46/105) tinha história de uma ou mais infecções oportunistas. Todos os pacientes tiveram terapia antirretroviral iniciada durante o seguimento. Entre os pacientes com hepatite B crônica, 58% (61/105) eram AgHBe positivos na primeira avaliação. Entre eles, 15% (16/105) apresentaram clareamento de AgHBs e 50% (8/16) dos que clarearam AgHBs apresentaram posterior reativação desse marcador durante a evolução clínica. Dentre os pacientes AgHBe positivos na primeira sorologia, 57% (35/61) apresentaram clareamento desse marcador, sendo que 28,5% (10/35) dos que clarearam AgHBe voltaram a apresentar este marcador durante a evolução clínica. Conclusão: Observamos uma significativa taxa de clareamento e posterior reativação dos marcadores AgHBs e AgHBe no grupo de pacientes avaliados. Estes resultados sugerem que o monitoramento frequente desses marcadores sorológicos deveria ser recomendado
Title in English
Evolution of hepatitis B serological markers, HBsAg and HBeAg, among HIV and hepatitis B virus co-infected patients
Keywords in English
Biological markers
Coinfection
Hepatitis B Chronic
HIV
Abstract in English
Introduction: Evolution of hepatitis B serological markers among HIV co-infected patients has rarely been documented. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the evolution of HBsAg and HBeAg serological markers, with emphasis on the frequency of transient or permanent loss of these markers, among this group of patients. It was also our objective to compare patients' demographic and clinical variables according to the evolution of these serological markers. Patients and methods: The enrolled patients were selected from those registered at a HIV-Outpatient Clinic in Sao Paulo, Brazil. All included patients were diagnosed with HIV infection and chronic hepatitis B. HBsAg patients who underwent at least two repeated HBV serological testing during clinical follow up , with tests taken at least six months apart, were included in the analysis. Clinical information was collected: age, sex, patient history regarding HIV/HBV transmission, CD4 T+ cell count, HIV viral load, alanine amino transferase (ALT) level, and use of antiretroviral drugs including lamivudine, tenofovir or other anti-HBV drugs. Results: Among 2,242 HIV-positive patients 105 (4.68%) patients were identified with chronic hepatitis B. Follow-up time for these patients varied from 06 months to 20.5 years and the number of serological testing for each patient varied from 2 to 18 along this period. Most patients were male (97%) and 43.9% (46/105) had a history of one or more opportunistic infections. All patients had initiated antiretroviral medication during follow-up. Among patients with chronic hepatitis B, 58% (61/105) were HBeAg reagent at the first assessment. Also, fifteen percent of them (16/105) underwent HBsAg clearance and 50% (8/16) of those who initially lost HBsAg underwent HBsAg reactivation during clinical follow up. Among HBeAg positive patients in the first serology, 57% (35/61) lost this marker during clinical follow up, whereas 28.5% (10/35) of those who initially cleared this serological marker underwent HBeAg reactivation. Conclusion: A significant rate of changes of HBsAg and HBeAg was observed, during clinical follow up among this group of patients. These results suggest that periodic monitoring of HBV serological markers should be recommended
 
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Publishing Date
2015-06-10
 
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