• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2016.tde-02052016-141504
Document
Author
Full name
Flávia Mendes da Cunha Carvalho
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Yasuda, Maria Aparecida Shikanai (President)
Gryschek, Ronaldo Cesar Borges
Vasconcelos, Dewton de Moraes
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da associação entre paracoccidioidomicose e os polimorfismos dos genes IL12B (posição 3' UTR+1188 A/C), IL12RB1 ( posição 11014 A/G no éxon 7) e IFNG ( posição + 874 T/A)
Keywords in Portuguese
Citocinas
Interferon gama
Interleucina-12
Paracoccidioidomicose
Polimorfismo de nucleotídeo único
Receptor de interleucina-12
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução. A paracoccidioidomicose (PCM) é uma micose sistêmica crônica, endêmica na América Latina, principalmente Brasil, sendo a oitava causa de morte entre as doenças infecciosas crônicas recorrentes. A PCM infecção é caracterizada por uma resposta Th1, a forma aguda por um perfil misto da resposta Th2/Th9, enquanto na forma crônica caracteriza-se pelo perfil Th17/Th22. A ocorrência e gravidade da PCM humana podem também estar associadas a fatores genéticos como os polimorfismos dos genes de citocinas. Objetivos. 1. Descrever a frequência dos polimorfismos de (SNPs) IFNG +874 T/A, IL12B 3' UTR +1188 A/C e IL12RB1 11014 A/G no éxon 7 em pacientes e controles; 2. Investigar a associação entre esses polimorfismos e as diferentes formas clínicas da micose; 3. Verificar se há associação entre esses polimorfismos e a secreção das citocinas IFN-y, IL-12p40 e IL-12p70. Materiais e Métodos. 143 pacientes com PCM foram incluídos (40 com a forma aguda, 100 com a forma crônica multifocal e 17 unifocal). Critérios de inclusão: ter doença ativa (DA) comprovada por exame micológico ou histopatológico positivo ou presença de anticorpos anti-Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (>= 1/32 por contraimunoeletroforese) ou ter doença curada/tratada (CT) quando comprovada anteriormente pelos critérios de DA e atualmente com títulos de anticorpos estáveis e <= 4 em dois períodos com intervalo >= 6 meses. Analisaram-se os SNPs IFNG pela técnica de PCR-ARMS ("Polymerase Chain Reaction - Amplification Refractory Mutational System"), IL12B e IL12RB1 por RFLP ("PCR-Restriction Fragment Lenght Polymorphism"). Para a dosagem de citocinas foram utilizadas as técnicas de ELISA (n=29) e CBA ("Cytometric Bead Array"; n= 18), sendo considerados estatisticamente significantes, os valores de p < 0,05 para os testes de x2 e o teste de Kruskal-Wallis, com pós-teste de Dunn. Resultados. O genótipo AA do SNP IL12RB1 foi mais frequente na forma crônica multifocal e o genótipo AG, na forma unifocal masculina (p= 0,048). À análise desta forma clínica entre ambos os sexos, o genótipo AG foi também mais frequente no sexo masculino (p= 0,009). Segundo a etnia, foi demonstrada diferença estatisticamente significante nas frequências dos genótipos e alelos dos SNPs IFNG e IL12RB1 (p < 0,05). Em relação às formas clínicas da PCM, houve similaridade nas frequências dos genótipos e alelos dos SNPs estudados. Quanto aos níveis das citocinas, para os SNPs IFNG, IL12B e IL12RB1, maiores níveis de secreção de citocinas, frente a PHA, foram registrados nos grupos CT e CO em relação ao DA, sugerindo relação com a evolução da doença e com a imunossupressão já descrita na doença ativa. Conclusão. Não houve associação entre os SNPs IFNG, IL12B e IL12RB1 e as diferentes formas da doença quando todos os pacientes foram analisados; no sexo masculino, sugere-se que o genótipo AA esteja associado à doença crônica mais disseminada (IL12RB1). Houve diferença significante entre as etnias nos SNPs IFNG e IL12RB1, sugerindo-se a ampliação do número de pacientes em determinadas etnias e na forma clínica unifocal para melhor compreensão dessas associações
Title in English
Study of the association between paracoccidioidomycosis and single nucleotide polymorphisms on genes IL12B (3' UTR +1188 A/C), IL12RB1 (11014 A/G on exon 7) and IFNG (+ 874 T/A)
Keywords in English
Cytokines
Interferon-gamma
Interleukin-12
Interleukin-12 receptor
Paracoccidioidomycosis
Single nucleotide polymorphism
Abstract in English
Introduction. Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic chronic mycosis, endemic in Latin America, mainly in Brazil where it is the eighth cause of death among chronic recurrent infectious diseases. PCM infection is characterized by the Th1 immune response, the acute form, by a mixed Th2/Th9 profile, while the chronic form is characterized by Th17/Th22 profile. The occurrence and severity of human PCM can also be associated with genetic factors such as polymorphisms on genes of cytokines. Objectives. 1. To describe the frequencies of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) IFNG +874 T/A, IL12B 3'UTR +1188 A/C and IL12RB1 11014 A/G on exon 7, on patients with PCM and non-PCM controls; 2. To investigate the association between those SNPs and the different clinical forms of PCM. 3. To verify the possible association between those SNPs and the secretion of the cytokines IFN-?, IL-12p40 and IL12p70. Materials and Methods. 143 patients with PCM were included (40 with acute form, 100 with multifocal chronic form and 17 unifocal). Inclusion criteria: active disease (DA) proved by fungal identification on direct microscopy/histopathology or culture, or presence of antibodies antiParacoccidioides brasiliensis ( >= 1/32 by counterimmunoelectrophoresis) or cured/treated disease (CT) when previously proved by criteria of DA and present stable antibodies titles <=4 in two periods with >=6 months in between. The SNP IFNG was analyzed by PCR-ARMS (Polymerase Chain Reaction - Amplification Refractory Mutational System) and the SNPs IL12B and IL12RB1 by PCR-RFLP (PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism). The levels of cytokines were detected by ELISA (n= 29) and CBA (Cytometric Bead Array; n= 18) and values of p < 0.05 for ?2 test and Kruskal-Wallis' test, with Dunn's post-test were considered statistically significant. Results. The AA genotype of SNP IL12RB1 was the most frequent in the multifocal chronic form while the AG was more frequent in men with the unifocal chronic form of PCM (p = 0.048). On this clinical form in the comparison between genres, the AG genotype was also more frequent in men (p= 0.009). On ethnicity, it was demonstrated statistical difference between the frequencies of genotypes and alleles of SNPs IFNG and IL12RB1 (p < 0.05). In the comparison between the clinical forms of PCM, the frequencies of genotypes and alleles of the evaluated SNPs were similar. On the levels of cytokines, for SNPs IFNG, IL12B and IL12RB1, increased levels of cytokines were observed with PHA on the CT and CO groups compared with DA, suggesting a connection with the evolution of the disease and the previously described immunosuppression during active disease. Conclusion. There was no association between the SNPs IFNG, IL12B and IL12RB1 and the different forms of PCM when all patients were analyzed; among men, it is suggested that the AA genotype of IL12RB1 is associated with a more disseminated chronic disease. There was a significant difference between the ethnicities on SNPs IFNG and IL12RB1, being the latter also associated with the chronic form in men. The increase in the number of patients in certain ethnic groups and in the unifocal clinical form of PCM might help the better understanding of these associations
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2016-05-02
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.