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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2013.tde-12032013-165707
Document
Author
Full name
Renata Mie Oyama Okajima
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Sanches Junior, Jose Antonio (President)
Araujo, Adele Caterino de
Oyafuso, Luiza Keiko Matsuka
Sato, Maria Notomi
Tomimori, Jane
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação da correlação da carga proviral do HTLV-1 e da quantificação das células CD4+ e CD8entre pacientes soropositivos assintomáticos, pacientes soropositivos com dermatoses e pacientes com HAM/TSP
Keywords in Portuguese
Carga proviral do HTLV-1
Dermatite infectiva associada ao HTLV-1
Infecção pelo HTLV-1
Mielopatia associada ao HTLV-1
Paraparesia espástica tropical
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: Vírus Linfotrópico de células T Humanas tipo 1 (HTLV-1) é o agente etiológico da leucemia/linfoma de células T do adulto (ATLL), mielopatia associada ao HTLV-1/paraparesia espástica tropical (HAM/TSP), dermatite infectiva associada ao HTLV-1 (DIH) entre outras doenças, sendo que algumas delas podem ocorrer em associação. Sabe-se que a infecção pelo HTLV-1 pode aumentar o risco de desenvolvimento de doenças de pele. Este estudo avaliou a prevalência das doenças cutâneas em infectados pelo HTLV-1 independente do estado clínico e a relação entre a contagem de células T CD4+ e CD8+, carga proviral inicial de HTLV-1 e linfoproliferação em grupo de indivíduos portadores assintomáticos da infecção pelo HTLV-1 ou com HAM/TSP, com ou sem doenças de pele associada. Método: 193 indivíduos infectados pelo HTLV-1 do ambulatório de HTLV no Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas foram avaliados e submetidos à entrevista, exame dermatológico completo e contagens de células T CD4+ e CD8+; carga proviral de HTLV-1 e linfoproliferação (LPA) no sangue periférico. Resultados: Cento e quarenta e sete pacientes mostraram-se com alguma condição anormal da pele, destes, 116 (79%) apresentaram doença dermatológica associada ao HTLV-1 (DD-HTLV-1) (xerose/ictiose, dermatite seborreica ou dermatite infectiva associada ao HTLV-1), e 21% (n=31) tiveram outros diagnósticos dermatológicos. As DD-HTLV-1 mais prevalentes foram: xerose/ictiose adquirida (49%) e dermatite seborreica (27%). Três pacientes apresentaram DIH de início durante a vida adulta associada à HAM/TSP. Os pacientes com DD-HTLV-1 eram mais velhos (51 vs 47 anos), apresentaram maior prevalência de HAM/TSP (p=0.015), maior carga proviral do HTLV-1 (p=0.009) e linfoproliferação basal de três dias aumentada (p=0.008). As contagens de células T CD4+ e CD8+ não mostraram diferença estatística quando comparados os grupos com ou sem DD-HTLV-1. Quando os pacientes com HAM/TSP foram excluídos da análise, a carga proviral do HTLV-1 continuou mostrando diferença significativa (p=0,021), enquanto LPA, contagem de células T CD4+ e CD8+ não mostraram nenhuma diferença. Conclusões: Houve uma alta prevalência de doenças de pele (76%) entre indivíduos infectados pelo HTLV-1, independente do estado clínico. Carga proviral inicial do HTLV-1 e idade foram maiores em indivíduos com DD-HTLV-1, mas LPA apresentou aumento apenas em indivíduos com DD-HTLV-1 e HAM / TSP
Title in English
Correlation of HTLV-1 proviral load and CD4+ and CD8+ cells quantification from asymptomatic HTLV-1-positive patients, HTLV-1-positive patients with dermatoses and HAM/TSP patients
Keywords in English
HTLV-1 infection
HTLV-1 proviral load
HTLV-1-associated myelopathy
Infective dermatitis associated with HTLV-1
Tropical spastic paraparesis
Abstract in English
Background: Human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the aetiologic agent of adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma (ATLL), HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), infective dermatitis associated with HTLV-1 (IDH) and various other clinical conditions. Several of these diseases can occur in association. HTLV-1 infection can increase the risk of developing skin disorders. This study evaluated the prevalence of skin diseases among HTLV-1 infected and the relation between HTLV-1 proviral load, lymphocyte proliferation and CD4+ and CD8+ T cells count among HTLV-1 infected individuals, regardless of clinical status, with or without associated skin disorders. Methods: A total of 193 HTLV-1-infected subjects from the HTLV outpatient clinic at the Emilio Ribas Institute were studied. Patients underwent an interview, a complete dermatological examination, a lymphocyte proliferation assay (LPA), an assay for HTLV-1 proviral load and CD4+ and CD8+ T cells count. Results: A total of 147patients had an abnormal skin condition; 116 (79%) of these patients also had skin disorder associated with HTLV-1 infection (SD-HTLV-1) (xerosis/ichthyosis or seborrheic dermatitis), and 21% (n=31) of the patients had other dermatological diagnoses. The most prevalent SD-HTLV-1 was xerosis/acquired ichthyosis (49%), followed by seborrheic dermatitis (27%). Three of them had the association of adult onset IDH and HAM/TSP. The patients with SD-HTLV-1 were older (51 vs. 47 years), had a higher prevalence of myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) (p=0.015), higher HTLV-1 proviral load (p=0.009) and had an increased 3-days basal LPA compared with patients without SD-HTLV-1 (p=0.008). The T CD4+ and CD8+ cells counts did not show significance when compared to SD-HTLV-1 group or individuals without SD-HTLV-1. When HAM/TSP patients were excluded from the analysis, the HTLV-1 proviral load showed a significant difference (p=0.021), while LPA showed no difference, such as T CD4+ and CD8+ cells counts. Conclusions: There was a high prevalence of skin disorders (76%) among HTLV-1-infected individuals, regardless of clinical status Initial HTLV-1 proviral load and age was higher in SD-HTLV-1 individuals, but the LPA showed an increase only in SD-HTLV-1 subjects with HAM/TSP
 
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Publishing Date
2013-03-14
 
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