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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2009.tde-10092009-115612
Document
Author
Full name
Regia Celli Ribeiro Patriota
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Cuce, Luiz Carlos (President)
Fagundes, Luiz Jorge
Rodrigues, Consuelo Junqueira
Title in Portuguese
Estudo comparativo pré e pós luz intensa pulsada no tratamento do fotoenvelhecimento cutâneo: avaliação clínica, histopatológica e imunoistoquímica
Keywords in Portuguese
Colágeno
Fotoenvelhecimento da pele
Fototerapia/métodos
Imunoistoquímica
Tecido elástico
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: A luz intensa pulsada(LIP) tem sido muito utilizada no tratamento do fotoenvelhecimento sem completo conhecimento de seu mecanismo de ação. Métodos: Foram acompanhados 26 pacientes apresentando fotoenvelhecimento grau II-III (GLOGAU, 1994), os quais foram submetidas à avaliação clínica , histológica e imunoistoquímica 6 e 12 meses após o término do tratamento com LIP. Foram realizadas cinco sessões com intervalos de trinta dias. Além da quantificação histomorfométrica das fibras colágenas e elásticas na derme, foram avaliados CD1, CD4, CD8 e ICAM-1. Resultados: Após 6 meses houve melhora clínica moderada e intensa em 76,92% dos casos e a nota média de satisfação foi 8,57 correspondendo à melhora moderada. Após 12 meses do término do tratamento observou-se que 51,52% das pacientes apresentaram uma melhora clínica moderada em relação à clínica inicial. Os efeitos colaterais foram eritema (11/26), edema (10/26), ardência (7/26) e crostas (8/26). A quantificação das fibras colágenas mostrou aumento médio de 51,33% proporção média de fibra colágena na derme após 6 meses de tratamento e o aumento em relação a 12 meses do término do tratamento foi 30,17%; as fibras elásticas mostraram aumento de 44,13% após 6 meses e aumento de 143,19% após 12 meses do término do tratamento. Na análise imunoistoquímica não houve alteração de CD1 e CD8. Em relação ao CD4 houve redução significante após 12 meses do término do tratamento. Quanto ao ICAM-1 houve aumento em 6 meses com retorno aos níveis normais após 12 meses do término do tratamento. Conclusão: A melhora clínica observada foi comprovada pelo estudo histopatológico, que mostrou aumento das fibras colágenas e elásticas na derme. Após 12 meses do término do tratamento observou-se discreta redução do aspecto clínico da pele correlacionado ao histopatológico. Poucos efeitos colaterais foram observados, sendo todos reversíveis. Desta forma, a LIP constitui boa opção de tratamento para o fotoenvelhecimento cutâneo, sendo uma técnica não ablativa, segura e eficaz.
Title in English
Comparative study of pre and post pulsed intense light in the treatment of skin photoaging: clinical evaluation, histopathologic and immunohistochemistry
Keywords in English
Collagen
Elastic tissue
Immunohistochemistry
Phototherapy/methods
Skin aging
Abstract in English
Introduction: The intense pulsed light has been used in the treatment of photoaging without full knowledge of its mechanism of action. Material and Methods: 26 patients were followed-up presenting photoaging grade II-III (GLOGAU, 1994), who were submitted to clinical evaluation, histological and immunohistochemistry 6 and 12 months after the treatment termination with LIP. Five sessions were made with 30-day intervals. In addition to histomorphometric quantification of collagen and elastic fibers in the dermis, CD1, CD4, CD8 and ICAM-1 were evaluated. Results: After 6 months there were moderate and intense clinical improvement on 76.92% of the cases and the mean score of satisfaction was 8.57 corresponding to moderate improvement. After 12 months of the treatment termination, it was observed that 51.52% of the patients presented a moderate clinical improvement in relation to initial clinic. The side effects were erythema (11/26), edema (10/26), burning (7/26) and crusts (8/26). The quantification of collagen fibers has shown mean increase of 51.33% in the dermis after 6 months of treatment and the increase regarding to 12 months of the treatment termination was of 30.17%; the elastic fibers has shown an increase of 44.13% after 6 months and increase of 143.19% after 12 months of the treatment termination. In the immunohistochemistry analysis there was no alteration of CD1 and CD8. In relation to CD4, there was a significant reduction after 12 months of treatment termination. Regarding the ICAM-1, there was an increase in 6 months with return to normal levels after 12 months of treatment termination. Conclusion: The observed clinical improvement was verified by the histopathologic study, which showed increase in the elastic and collagen fibers in the dermis. After 12 months of treatment termination, it was observed a discrete reduction of clinical aspect of skin correlated to histopathology. A few side effects were observed, being all reversible. Thus, LIP constitutes good option of treatment for skin photoageing, being a non-ablative, safe and effective technique.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-09-11
 
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