• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2019.tde-03012019-115400
Document
Author
Full name
Nathalia Teixeira Romani
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Sumida, Telma Miyuki Oshiro (President)
Mazzola, Taís Nitsch
Rigato, Paula Ordonhez
Sato, Maria Notomi
Title in Portuguese
Influência de diferentes concentrações de antígeno na composição de uma vacina anti-HIV baseada em células dendríticas
Keywords in Portuguese
Apresentação do antígeno
Células dendríticas
Células dendríticas derivadas de monócitos
Cultura de vírus
HIV
Imunoterapia
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: A infecção pelo HIV causa um profundo comprometimento da resposta imune do hospedeiro, podendo levar à aids. Várias estratégias terapêuticas têm sido testadas ao longo dos anos, entre elas a imunoterapia com células dendríticas diferenciadas a partir de monócitos (MoDCs), pulsadas com HIV-1 inativado. Neste caso, a produção de vírus para o pulso das MoDCs consiste inicialmente no isolamento do vírus a partir de amostras de sangue do paciente e, em seguida, sua expansão em culturas de células CD4. Também deve ser considerado que quantidade excessiva de vírus pode ser tóxica para as MoDCs a serem pulsadas e do mesmo modo, quantidade insuficiente de vírus pode não ser efetiva para ativar uma resposta imune especifica. Neste contexto, a investigação do efeito de diferentes concentrações de vírus sobre o perfil fenotípico e funcional de MoDCs poderia auxiliar na determinação de uma quantidade ótima de vírus para o pulso das MoDCs e contribuir para o aperfeiçoamento da vacina terapêutica. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito de diferentes quantidades de partículas virais, sobre o perfil fenotípico e funcional das MoDCs. Metodologia: Monócitos obtidos de indivíduos HIV+ foram diferenciados em MoDCs e pulsadas com HIV quimicamente inativado (3 partículas/MoDC, 30 partículas/MoDC, 300 partículas/MoDC). As células foram analisadas com relação ao perfil fenotípico, capacidade de internalizar p24, expressão de CD38, HLA-DR e CD69 e a produção de IFN-y por linfócitos T CD4+ e CD8+ autólogos. Resultados: O pulso com concentrações crescentes de vírus parece não interferir no perfil fenotípico e funcional das MoDCs. Conclusão: As diferentes quantidades de partículas virais utilizadas para o pulso parecem não ser tóxicas para as MoDCs estudadas, não tendo sido observadas diferenças com relação ao perfil fenotípico ou funcional das MoDCs
Title in English
Effect of diferente amounts of HIV particles on the pulsing MoDCs from HIV infected patients
Keywords in English
Antigen presentation
Dendritic cells
HIV
Immunotherapy
Monocyte-derived dendritic cells
Virus culture
Abstract in English
Introduction: The infection from HIV causes a profound impairment of the host immune response, which can lead to aids. Several therapeutic strategies have been tested over the years, including immunotherapy with monocyte - derived dendritic cells (MoDCs), pulsed with inactivated HIV-1. In this case, the production of virus for the pulse of the MoDCs initially consists of isolating the vírus from the patient's blood samples and then it into CD4+ cell cultures. It should also be considered that excessive amount of virus can be toxic to the MoDCs to be pulsed and likewise, insufficiently amount may not be effective for properly activate a specific immune response. In this context, the investigation of the effect of different virus concentrations on the phenotypic and functional profile of MoDCs could assist in the determination of an optimal amount of virus for the pulse of the MoDCs and contribute to the improvement of the therapeutic vaccine. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of different amounts of viral particles on the phenotypic and functional profile of MoDCs. Methods: MoDCs generated from HIV+ individuals were differentiated into MoDCs and pulsed with chemically inactivated HIV (3 particles /MoDC, 30 particles /MoDC, 300 particles /MoDC). Cells were analyzed for phenotypic profile, ability to internalize p24, expression of CD38, HLA-DR and CD69, and the production of IFN-y by autologous CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes. Results: The pulse with increasing concentrations of virus does not seem to interfere in the phenotypic and functional profile of the MoDCs. Conclusion: The different amounts of viral particles used for the pulse appear to be non-toxic to the MoDCs studied, and no differences were observed regarding the phenotypic or functional profile of the MoDCs
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2019-01-03
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.