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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2010.tde-25052010-154404
Document
Author
Full name
Fatima das Dores da Cruz
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Bocchi, Edimar Alcides (President)
Almeida, Dirceu Rodrigues de
Barretto, Antonio Carlos Pereira
Luces, Jose Ramon Lanz
Takiuti, Myrthes Emy
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação dos componentes da qualidade de vida na clínica de insuficiência cardíaca
Keywords in Portuguese
Educação de pacientes como assunto
Insuficiência cardíaca
Qualidade de vida
Abstract in Portuguese
Fundamento: A insuficiência cardíaca (IC) é uma síndrome, de alta prevalência, comprometendo a qualidade de vida (QV). Objetivo: Testamos a hipótese de que um programa seqüencial de educação e monitorização (DMP), pode modificar os componentes do questionário Minnesota Living Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) aplicado a pacientes com IC em seguimento ambulatorial. Métodos: Esta investigação é uma extensão do estudo REMADHE, prospectivo, randomizado, com grupo intervenção (GI) submetido a um DMP, versus grupo controle (GC). A QV foi avaliada pelo MLHFQ, aplicado na inclusão no estudo, a cada seis meses até os dois anos de seguimento, e após anualmente. Incluímos 412 pacientes, 60,5% do sexo masculino, e fração de ejeção de ventrículo esquerdo de 34,7 ±10,5%. Resultados: No GI ocorreu melhora significativa em todos os componentes do MLHFQ (53 ±23vs.29 ±19,p=0,007), da dimensão física (24 ±10 vs.13 ±9, p=0,0002), da dimensão emocional (13 ±7vs.9 ±7,p=0,02) e demais questões (21 ±9vs.11 ±7,p=0,001). No GI houve melhora de sobrevida livre de eventos (óbito e internação) (p<0,001), houve relação entre o escore da QV após a inclusão e a sobrevida, mas não com a QV de vida basal (p=0,7). A QV demonstrou ser um fator independente na determinação de sobrevida livre de eventos. Na avaliação dos gêneros, ambos demonstraram melhora significativa, mas no masculino a melhora ocorreu tardiamente em relação ao feminino. Conclusão: Este programa de educação e monitorização continua em longo prazo melhorou a QV e seus componentes em pacientes em acompanhamento ambulatorial. Entretanto, os componentes da QV podem responder diferentemente a intervenção.
Title in English
Components of life quality evaluation in heart failure clinic
Keywords in English
Education patients
Heart failure
Quality of life
Abstract in English
Background: Heart failure (HF) is a high prevalence syndrome, pledging the quality of life (QL). Objective: We tested the hypothesis that a sequential program of education and monitoring (DMP) may modify the components of Minnesota Heart Failure Living Questionnaire (MLHFQ) on outpatient patients with HF. Methods: This research is an extension of the REMADHE study, prospective, randomized with an intervention group (IG) subje ted to a DMP, versus a ontrol group (CG). QL was evaluated by MLHFQ applied the inclusion in the study, every six months to the following up two years, and there after annually. We included 412 patients, 60.5% were male, and 34.7 ± 10.5% of left ventricle ejection fraction. Results: In GI, there was a significant improvement in all MLHFQ components (53 ± 23vs.29 ± 19, p =0.007), physical dimension (24 ± 10 vs. 13 ± 9, p =0.0002), emotional dimension (13 ± 7vs.9 ± 7,p =0.02) and other issues (21 ± 9vs.11 ± 7,p =0.001). In GI, there was an improvement in event free survival (death and hospitalization) (p < 0.001) there was a relation between the QL scores after inclusion and survival, but not with the life baseline QL (p =0.7). Quality of life proved to be an independent factor in determining event free survival. In genres assessment, both showed significant improvement, but in males the improvement occurred late in relation to females. Conclusion: This education and monitoring program continues for a long term to improve QL and its components on the follow up of outpatient patients. However, the components of QL may respond differently to intervention.
 
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FatimadasDoresdaCruz.pdf (919.55 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2010-05-25
 
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