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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2007.tde-10122007-215922
Document
Author
Full name
Antonio Casella Filho
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Chagas, Antonio Carlos Palandri (President)
Fonseca, Francisco Antônio Helfenstein
Gallo Junior, Lourenco
Santos Filho, Raul Dias dos
Santos, Jose Ernesto dos
Title in Portuguese
Influência do exercício físico nas lipoproteínas e no endotélio de pacientes com síndrome metabólica
Keywords in Portuguese
Endotélio/ultrassonografia
Exercício
Lipoproteínas
Síndrome metabólica X
Abstract in Portuguese
A disfunção endotelial é um dos componentes básicos tanto da origem como das complicações de algumas doenças cardiovasculares, principalmente aquelas devidas a aterosclerose. Fatores de risco que compõe a Síndrome Metabólica (SMet) interferem na integridade endotelial por causarem marcante estresse oxidativo e conseqüente disfunção endotelial. Os benefícios de um treinamento físico de longa duração sobre o endotélio e sobre a concentração das lipoproteínas já são conhecidos. Entretanto, ainda restam lacunas de conhecimento dos efeitos que um treinamento de curta duração produziria em pacientes portadores de Síndrome Metabólica. Para elucidarmos este assunto, estudamos 40 indivíduos sedentários sendo 30 portadores de SMet e 10 normais para controle. Vinte dos pacientes com SMet (10 mulheres e 10 homens) realizaram treinamento físico (TF) aeróbio de moderada intensidade, em bicicleta ergométrica, por um período de 3 meses. A reatividade vascular e testes funcionais in vitro das lipoproteínas HDL e LDL foram realizados antes e depois do TF. Os resultados indicam melhora na unção endotelial, porém sem mudanças do índice de massa corpórea e dos níveis lipídicos. Houve redução da circunferência abdominal e dos níveis de Triglicérides. Os testes funcionais revelaram que, apesar de não terem ocorrido alterações na concentração, houve melhora funcional das lipoproteínas. Portanto, exercício de curta duração melhora a funcionabilidade endotelial e das lipoproteínas.
Title in English
Role of exercise in lipoproteins and in the endothelium of patients with metabolic syndrome
Keywords in English
Endothelium/ultrasonography
Exercise
Lipoproteins
Metabolic syndrome X
Abstract in English
Endothelial dysfunction is one of the basic components of origin and complications of some cardiovascular diseases, especially those consequent to atherosclerosis. Risk factors that compose the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) modify the endothelial integrity causing significant oxidative stress and consequent endothelial dysfunction. The long-term exercise training benefits in lipoproteins concentration and endothelium are already known. However, the effects of short-term training in endothelial function and in LDL, HDL quantitative and functional profile are still doubtful, especially in patients with MetS. To address this issue, we studied 40 sedentary persons, 30 with MetS and 10 controls. Twenty of those with MetS (10 women and 10 men) were subjected to a 3 times/week moderate intensity controlled training load for 3 months on a bicycle ergometer. Vascular reactivity and in vitro HDL, LDL functional laboratorial tests were analyzed before and after the training. The results revealed that exercise training improved the endothelial function. There was no significant change in body mass index, but some reduction in the abdominal circumference was observed. Total cholesterol and lipoprotein concentrations were not affected by exercise, but triglyceride levels were reduced and lipoprotein subfractions functional tests significantly improved. Therefore, short-term exercise improves endothelium and lipoprotein functionability.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-01-16
 
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