• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.47.2018.tde-27072018-103214
Document
Author
Full name
Anelise dos Santos Rodrigues
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Piemonte, Maria Elisa Pimentel (President)
Bedeschi, Cynthia
Corrêa, Fernanda Ishida
Pardini, Andréa Cristina de Lima
Title in Portuguese
Efeitos de um treino de marcha associado à prática mental sobre o desempenho da marcha em pacientes com doença de Parkinson
Keywords in Portuguese
Doença de Parkinson
Marcha
Prática mental
Reabilitação
Abstract in Portuguese
A doença de Parkinson é uma doença crônica, degenerativa que afeta principalmente funções motora e mentais do indivíduo. Dentre os principais sintomas motores da doença então tremor, rigidez, bradicinesia, instabilidade postural que associados levam a importantes alterações na marcha. A prática mental vem sendo usada como uma estratégia na reabilitação de pacientes com diversas doenças, mas ainda na Doença de Parkinson não temos muitas evidências de sua eficácia. Este estudo tem como objetivo então avaliar o efeito de um protocolo de prática mental associado à prática física no desempenho da marcha de pacientes com Doença de Parkinson. Foram incluídos 20 pacientes nos estágios I, II e III da Escala Modificada de Hoehn e Yahr, que deambulavam sem dispositivos de auxílio, (níveis 3 a 5 da Categoria de Deambulação Funcional FAC), obtinham pontuação maios que 15 pontos na UPDRS e pontuação > 24 pontos no MMSE. O grupo experimental (GE) recebrá uma treinamento de PM da marcha associado a PF, guiado por estratégias cognitiva e o grupo controle (GC) recebeu recebeu um treinamento de PM não relacionada a marcha associada a mesma PF do grupo GE. O desempenho de marcha será avaliado pelo Teste de Caminhada de 6 minutos, UPDRS, Teste de marcha de 30 segundos em condição simples e de dupla tarefa, domínio de marcha da BesTest e a cognição pelo Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Foram realizadas 8 sessões de treinamento. Os resultados mostraram que o GE obteve uma melhora significativa maior ao GC na pontuação do BesTest e também no MoCA. Em conclusão, o presente trabalho evidenciou que a adição da PM a um programa de treinamento de prática física tem benefícios no desempenho da marcha e de domínios cognitivos
Title in English
Effects of gait training associated with mental practice on gait performance in patients with Parkinson's disease
Keywords in English
Gait
Mental practice
Parkinsons disease
Rehabilitation
Abstract in English
Parkinson's disease is a chronic, degenerative disease that primarily affects the motor and mental functions of the individual. Among the main motor symptoms of the disease then tremor, stiffness, bradykinesia, postural instability associated with it lead to important gait changes. Mental practice has been used as a strategy in the rehabilitation of patients with various diseases, but we still do not have much evidence of its efficacy in Parkinson's disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a protocol of mental practice associated with physical practice in the gait performance of patients with Parkinson's disease. Twenty patients in stages I, II and III of the Modified Scale of Hoehn and Yahr, who wandered without assistive devices (levels 3 to 5 of the Functional Ambulation Category - FAC), were given a score of 15 points in the UPDRS and scored> 24 points in the MMSE. The experimental group (GE) received MP training associated with PF, guided by cognitive strategies and the control group (CG) received received non-gait PM training associated with the same PF of the GI group. The gait performance will be evaluated by the 6-minute Walk Test, UPDRS, 30-second gait test in single and dual-task conditions, BesTest and the cognition by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Eight training sessions were held. The results showed that the GE obtained a significant improvement to the GC in the BesTest score and also in the MoCA. In conclusion, the present study showed that the addition of PM to a physical training program has benefits in gait performance and cognitive domains
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2018-08-27
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.