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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.47.2018.tde-20122018-101558
Document
Author
Full name
Danilo Araujo Amaral Santos
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Britto, Luiz Roberto Giorgetti de (President)
Joselevitch, Christina
Mendes, Cecilia Cerqueira Café
Souza, Elisa Maria Guimarães de
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação do efeito do gangliosídeo GM1 por via intraestriatal em modelo animal de doença de Parkinson induzida por 6-Hidroxi-Dopamina
Keywords in Portuguese
6-OHDA
Gangliosídeo GM1
Neuroplasticidade
Neuroproteção
Abstract in Portuguese
Várias evidências têm caracterizado os efeitos benéficos do gangliosídeo GM1 no tratamento de lesões neurológicas. O GM1 também foi estudado para o tratamento de doenças neurodegenerativas, principalmente em relação ao seu papel na neuroplasticidade e neuroproteção. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar os possíveis efeitos de GM1 em modelo de doença de Parkinson induzida pela injeção intraestriatal unilateral de 6-hidroxidopamina (6-OHDA) em ratos. O GM1 foi injetado em conjunto com 6-OHDA e sete dias após a cirurgia os cérebros foram coletados para análise. Os resultados bioquímicos mostraram que o tratamento com GM1 intraestrial atenua aspectos inflamatórios e reduz os indicadores de morte neuronal, tal como evidenciado pela manutenção dos níveis de GFAP, OX-42 e caspase-3 em níveis de controle. A melhoria no tratamento por GM1 foi também demonstrada com a preservação de um fator neurotrófico derivado do encéfalo (BDNF) e os níveis de tirosina hidroxilase após 6-OHDA. A análise comportamental corrobora os achados bioquímicos, demonstrando que o GM1 possui a capacidade de preservação dos movimentos, visto pelo teste de cilindro. Sugerimos que o GM1 exerce neuroproteção no modelo de 6-OHDA, quando administrado por uma via local. Isto poderia representar um meio viável para transpor as barreiras farmacocinéticos que afetam a entrega de uma concentração apropriada da droga para áreas do cérebro
Title in English
Ganglioside GM1 use of assessment administered via intra striatal in model induced parkinson´s disease animal by 6-OHDA
Keywords in English
6-OHDA
Ganglioside GM1
Neuroplasticity
Neuroprotection
Abstract in English
Several evidences have characterized the beneficial effects of ganglioside GM1 in the treatment of neurological lesions. GM1 has also been studied for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, mainly in relation to its role in neuroplasticity and neuroprotection. The objective of this study was to analyze the possible effects of GM1 on a model of Parkinson's disease induced by unilateral intra-striatal injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in rats. The GM1 was injected together with 6-OHDA and seven days after surgery the brains were collected for analysis. Biochemical results showed that treatment with intra-striatal GM1 attenuates inflammatory aspects and reduces the indicators of neuronal death, as evidenced by maintaining levels of GFAP, OX-42 and caspase-3 at control levels. Improvement after GM1 treatment was also demonstrated by the preservation of a brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and tyrosine hydroxylase levels after 6-OHDA. The behavioral analysis corroborates the biochemical findings, demonstrating that GM1 has the ability to preserve movements, as seen by the cylinder test. We suggest that GM1 exerts neuroprotection in the 6-OHDA model when administered by a local route. This could represent a viable means of overcoming the pharmacokinetic barriers affecting the delivery of an appropriate concentration of the drug to areas of the brain
 
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Publishing Date
2018-12-20
 
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