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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.47.2014.tde-17032015-150030
Document
Author
Full name
Milena Carvalho de Godoy Geremias
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Meyer, Sonia Beatriz (President)
Reis, Maria de Jesus Dutra dos
Silveira, Jocelaine Martins da
Title in Portuguese
Manejo de esquivas emocionais na psicoterapia analítica funcional: Delineamento experimental de caso único
Keywords in Portuguese
Categorização
Delineamento Experimental
Esquiva
Terapia Comportamental
Abstract in Portuguese
A partir do estudo e consolidação empírica da Psicoterapia Analítica Funcional (FAP) tem-se explorado cada vez mais a relação estabelecida entre terapeuta e cliente, no intuito de se compreender e aprimorar os processos de mudança clínica ocorridos em terapia. A literatura enfatiza que respostas emitidas por parte do terapeuta no decorrer do processo de autorrevelação do cliente podem impactar seu desfecho, facilitando ou dificultando exposições e verbalizações. Considerando que a FAP tem se ajustado bem a casos clínicos que apresentam dificuldades no estabelecimento de relações de intimidade, o objetivo central desta pesquisa foi investigar se o responder contingente do terapeuta às respostas de esquivas emocionais emitidas pelo cliente, aumenta a emissão de relatos sobre sentimentos, assim como o de autorrevelações em sessão e em seus relacionamentos extra consultório. Para isso, uma cliente com queixa de dificuldade em estabelecer relações interpessoais e uma terapeuta (com experiência clínica no manejo da FAP) foram selecionadas. O delineamento experimental de caso único apresentou o formato: A1-B1-A2-B2. As sessões foram filmadas e transcritas e os dados coletados foram analisados pela Escala de Classificação da Psicoterapia Analítica Funcional (FAPRS) adaptada. Doze sessões foram categorizadas e 4.094 (quatro mil e noventa e quatro) unidades de análises foram avaliadas. Os resultados indicaram que a variável independente (FAP) foi a responsável pela diminuição na emissão de comportamentos problema (CRBs1) e, principalmente, pelo aumento na emissão de comportamentos de melhora (CRBs2). Em outras palavras, durante a fase FAP, após a evocação da terapeuta, a cliente passou a entrar em contato com seus sentimentos e se autorrevelar mais efetivamente em terapia, de modo que seus comportamentos de esquiva emocional diminuíram. De maneira geral, as diferenças entre as fases FAP e não-FAP ficaram evidentes com os dados dos CRBs2 e não com os dos CRBs1. Os resultados corroboram a hipótese do estudo, fortalecem as evidências clínicas promovidas pela Psicoterapia Analítica Funcional e replicam os dados apresentados pelas pesquisas realizadas no Programa de Psicologia Clínica da USP com o uso da FAP e com delineamento experimental de caso único
Title in English
Management of emotional avoidance in Functional Analytic Psychotherapy: single-case experimental design
Keywords in English
Avoidance
Behavioral Therapy
Categorization
Experimental Design
Abstract in English
Based on studies and empirical consolidation of Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP), the relationship between therapist and client has been extensively explored in order to understand and enhance the process of clinical change that occurs during therapy sessions. The literature emphasizes that feedback provided by the therapist to the process of clients self-disclosure might affect and impact outcome by facilitating or hindering interpersonal exposure and verbalizations. Considering that FAP presents satisfactory results with clinical cases characterized by difficulties to establish intimate relationships, the aim of this research was to investigate whether the therapist contingent responding to clients emotional avoidance increases clients report of feelings, self-disclosure in therapy and in out-of-session relationships. For this study, a client with problems to establish interpersonal relationships and a therapist with clinical expertise on FAP were chosen. The single-case experimental design had the format: A1-B1-A2-B2. The sessions were recorded and transcribed and the data collected were coded using an adaptation of the Functional Analytic Psychotherapy Rating Scale (FAPRS). Twelve sessions were coded and 4.094 (four thousand and ninetyfour) units of analysis were analyzed. Results indicated that the independent variable (FAP) was responsible for decreasing the emission of problem behaviors (CRBs1) and above all for increasing the emission of improvements (CRBs2). In other words, during FAPs phase, after the therapist evoking, the client began to get in touch with her feelings and to self-disclose more effectively in therapy. As a result, her emotional avoidance behaviors decreased. In general, the differences between FAP and non-FAP phases were clearly showed in the data of the CBRs2 and not in the data of the CRBs1. The results corroborate the hypothesis of the study, strengthen clinical evidence of FAP and replicate the data presented in other research studies conducted in the Clinical Psychology Program at University of São Paulo using FAP and single-case designs
 
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Publishing Date
2015-03-20
 
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