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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.2016.tde-17082016-073759
Document
Author
Full name
Ricardo Alexandre Alves de Couto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Ferreira, Ana Maria da Costa (President)
Alves, Wendel Andrade
Araki, Koiti
Bizeto, Marcos Augusto
Zamarion, Vitor de Moraes
Title in Portuguese
Imobilização de complexos oxindolimínicos de cobre e zinco em argilas beidelitas
Keywords in Portuguese
Argilas
Beidelitas sintéticas
Caracterização espectroscópica
Complexos metálicos
Materiais híbridos
Oxindoliminas
Viabilidade celular
Abstract in Portuguese
Estudos sobre a inserção de complexos oxindolimínicos de cobre(II) ou zinco(II) em argilas sintéticas beidelitas foram desenvolvidos visando obter carregadores inorgânicos capazes de promover a liberação modificada de metalofármacos. Investigações anteriores mostraram que os complexos estudados são promissores agentes antitumorais. São capazes de se ligar ao DNA, nas alças menor ou maior dependendo do ligante, causando danos oxidativos através da formação de espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROs), especialmente radicais hidroxil, no caso de complexos de cobre, que apresentam atividade redox. Também interagem com mitocôndrias levando a uma diminuição do potencial de membrana e atuando como agentes desacopladores. Constituem assim compostos indutores de apoptose ou morte celular programada. Adicionalmente inibem proteínas envolvidas no ciclo celular, como topoisomerase I humana e quinases dependentes de ciclina (CDK1 e CDK2). As beidelitas foram sintetizadas e caracterizadas por métodos já descritos na literatura. Posteriormente, em presença dos complexos, formaram materiais híbridos do tipo beidellita/[complexo]. A caracterização das argilas e dos materiais híbridos obtidos foi realizada usando diferentes técnicas: espectroscopias UV/Vis, IV e EPR, análise termogravimétrica, difratometria de raios X. Na caracterização dos complexos utilizou-se ainda espectrometria de massas (ESI-MS). Os materiais híbridos preparados mostraram-se estáveis e capazes de inviabilizar células tumorais (HeLa), no caso dos materiais híbridos com compostos de cobre(II), com IC50 na faixa de 0,11 a 0,41 mg/mL. Ao contrário, os compostos análogos de zinco(II) e as argilas puras mostraram-se não-tóxicas frente às mesmas células. Os resultados obtidos indicam uma promissora possibilidade de uso das beidellitas como carregadores destes complexos metálicos.
Title in English
Oxindolimine-metal complexes immobilized in beidellite clays
Keywords in English
Antitumor agents
Cell viability
Clays
Hybrid materials
Oxindolimine-metal complexes
Spectroscopic characterization
Synthetic beidellites
Abstract in English
Studies on the insertion of oxindolimine complexes of copper(II) or zinc(II) in synthetic beidellites clays have been developed to obtain an inorganic support capable of promoting the modified-release of metallopharmaceuticals. Previous investigations have shown that the studied complexes are promising antitumor agents. They are able to bind to DNA, in the minor or major groves, causing oxidative damage via formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), especially hydroxyl radicals, in the case of copper complexes, which have redox properties. They also interact with mitochondria leading to a decrease of membrane potential and acting as decoupling agent. Thus, these compounds can induce apoptosis or programmed cell death. Additionally, they inhibit proteins involved in the cell cycle, such as human topoisomerase I and cyclin dependent kinases (CDK1 and CDK2). The beidellites were synthesized and characterized by methods described in the literature. Additionally, in the presence of these complexes were obtained hybrid materials type beidellita/[complex]. The characterization of clays and the obtained hybrid materials were performed using different techniques: spectroscopy UV/Vis, IR and EPR, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray powder diffraction. In the characterization of the complexes mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was also used. The prepared hybrid materials were stable and able to derail tumor cells (HeLa) in the case of hybrid materials with copper(II) compounds, with IC50 in the range from 0.11 to 0.41 mg/mL. Unlikely, the analogous compounds of zinc(II) and pure clays have proved to be non-toxic facing the same cells. These results indicate a promising possibility of using the beidellites as carriers of these antitumor metal complexes
 
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Publishing Date
2016-10-19
 
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