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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.2008.tde-29052008-090420
Document
Author
Full name
Eduardo da Costa Ramos
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Marzorati, Liliana (President)
Aguilar, Andréa Maria
Di Vitta, Cláudio
Farah, João Pedro Simon
Moran, Paulo José Samenho
Title in Portuguese
Estudo de reações de Michael visando a síntese do fármaco (R)-baclofen
Keywords in Portuguese
Baclofen
catálise de transferência de fase
complexos de níquel e adição de Michael
Fármacos
Abstract in Portuguese
Para a síntese de um dos quatro possíveis estereoisômeros do ácido 3-(4- clorofenil)piroglutâmico, precursor da forma mais ativa do fármaco Baclofen, foram investigadas duas metodologias alternativas, cujas etapas principais eram, respectivamente, (i) a reação de Michael entre o N-acetamidomalonato de dietila ou de dibenzila com o 4-clorotiocinamato de metila ou fenila, na ausência de solvente e na presença de catalisadores de transferência de fase enantioméricamente puros, e (ii) a reação de Michael entre complexos de níquel (quirais ou aquirais), derivados da glicina, com a (5S)-N-(E-4-clorocinamoil)-5-metoxicarbonil-2-pirrolidinona. A primeira destas metodologias não conduziu a bons resultados, mas a investigação das causas da baixa estereosseletividade, observada para reações empregando tanto tiolésteres como chalcona, permitiu a proposição de um novo modelo de interação catalisador/doador/aceptor, em que o doador é o N-acetamidomalonato de dibenzila e o aceptor é a chalcona. Quanto às adições de Michael dos complexos de níquel, empregados como equivalentes nucleofílicos da glicina, as reações foram bem sucedidas. O par aceptor/doador que se mostrou mais adequado foi aquele composto pelo complexo de níquel, derivado da (L)-prolina, e pela (5S)-N-(E-4- clorocinamoil)-5-metoxicarbonil-2-pirrolidinona. Neste caso, o ácido (2R,3S)-3-(4- clorofenil)piroglutâmico foi obtido em rendimento global de 46%. Este resultado permite prever que, pelo emprego do mesmo aceptor, mas de estereoquímica absoluta contrária, é possível preparar o precursor do (R)- baclofen, que é o enantiômero mais ativo do fármaco em questão.
Title in English
Study on a new synthetic route to (R) Baclofen
Keywords in English
Baclofen
Drugs
Nickel complexes and Michael addition
Phase transfer catalysis
Abstract in English
Two alternative methodologies were investigated aiming the synthesis of one of the four stereoisomers of the 3-(4-chlorophenyl)pyroglutamic acid, as a precursor of Baclofen, a drug used for the treatment of some neurological diseases. The key step for the first one was the asymmetric Michael addition of diethyl or dibenzil N- acetamidomalonate to methyl or phenyl 4-chlorotiocinnamate, in the absence of solvent, and employing enatiomerically pure phase transfer catalysts. A low degree of enantioselectivity was observed for all addition reactions of dibenzil N- acetamidomalonate to tiolesters or chalcone as Michael acceptors. The investigation of the origin of such lack of stereoselectivity allowed the proposal of a model for the diastereomeric transition states of the Michael addition of dibenzil N- acetamidomalonate to chalcone. As for the second synthetic methodology, the asymmetry generating step would be the Michael addition of glycine derived chiral or achiral nickel complexes to (5S)-N-(E-4-clorocinnamoil)-5-methoxycarbonyl-2- pirrolidinone. Best results were obtained for the Michael addition of a nickel complex, bearing (S)-2-[N-(N'-benzylprolyl)amino]benzophenone as ligand , to (5S)-N-(E-4- clorocinnamoil)-5-methoxycarbonyl-2-pirrolidinone.Such reaction afforded the expected (S)-3-(4-chlorophenyl)pyroglutamic acid, in 46% yield. Such result can be extrapolated to the synthesis of the (R)-configured analog, precursor of the more active stereoisomer of Baclofen.
 
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TeseEduardoCRamos.pdf (16.36 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2008-06-13
 
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