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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.46.2010.tde-26042010-105030
Document
Author
Full name
Camila Rodrigues da Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Andrade, Leandro Helgueira de (President)
Kato, Massuo Jorge
Omori, Alvaro Takeo
Title in Portuguese
Estudo de resolução cinética de álcoois secundários utilizando reação de oxidação enantiosseletiva mediada por bactérias
Keywords in Portuguese
Álcool
Álcool desidrogenase
Biocatálise
Catálise
Cinética química
Resolução cinética dinâmica
Resolução cinética enzimática
Abstract in Portuguese
Nesta dissertação de mestrado foram estudadas duas bactérias, Sphingobacterium sp e Arthrobacter atrocyaneus, produtoras de enzimas álcool desidrogenases que se mostraram capazes de catalisar reações de oxidação enantiosseletiva de alcoóis secundários racêmicos. Inicialmente foram avaliados alguns parâmetros para a realização da resolução cinética do (RS)-1-feniletanol, assim como quantidade de substrato, biomassa das bactérias (Sphingobacterium sp e Arthrobacter atrocyaneus) e tempo reacional necessário para a oxidação completa de um dos enantiômeros do substrato. Nas reações com a bactéria Sphingobacterium sp (R1AC23) observou-se a presença de álcool desidrogenase com alta atividade catalítica, porém com moderada enantiosseletividade, pois em alguns casos observou-se a oxidação completa dos alcoóis para-substituídos derivados do (RS)-1- feniletanol a suas correspondentes cetonas. Com o estudo das reações do (RS)-1-feniletanol e a bactéria Arthrobacter atrocyaneus (R1AF57) determinou-se os principais parâmetros reacionais para alcançar uma excelente resolução cinética. Sendo assim, aplicou-se essa metodologia para diferentes alcoóis secundários em dois meios reacionais diferentes: com células em crescimento e com células ressuspensas em tampão fosfato. A atividade catalítica foi mais eficiente com as células em crescimento com conversões próximas de 50% e excesso enantiomérico >99% na maioria dos casos, destacando-se os derivados do (RS)-1-feniletanol para e meta substituídos. Empregou-se a Arthrobacter atrocyaneus em testes de resolução cinética dinâmica (RCD). Como durante as reações de oxidação um co-produto é uma cetona, estudou-se o emprego in situ do NaBH4 como redutor desse composto. Com isso, tem-se um ciclo reacional de oxidação-redução. Sendo assim, por estereoinversão, foi possível alcançar rendimentos maiores que 50% do álcool enantiomericamente puro. Com o (RS)-1-(4-metilfenil)-etanol como substrato, obteve-se o álcool enantiomericamente puro com rendimento de 79% e excesso enantiomérico >99%
Title in English
Study of kinetic resolution of secondary alcohols by enantioselective oxidation mediated by bacteria
Keywords in English
Alcohol
Alcohol dehydrogenase
Biocatalysis
Catalysis
Chemical kinetics
Dynamic kinetic resolution
Enzymatic kinetic resolution
Abstract in English
In this dissertation two bacterial strains were studied, Arthrobacter atrocyaneus and Sphingobacterium sp, which are alcohol dehydrogenases producers that were able to catalyse racemic secondary alcohols enantioselective oxidation. Initially, some reaction parameters to carry out the kinetic resolution of (RS)-1- phenylethanol were evaluated, such as substrate amount, bacterial biomass (Arthrobacter atrocyaneus and Sphingobacterium sp) and the reaction time for complete oxidation of one enantiomer of the substrate. In the reactions with Sphingobacterium sp (R1AC23) was observed the presence of alcohol dehydrogenase with high catalytic activity and moderate selective. Therefore, in some cases, the total oxidation of the both enantiomers of (RS)-1- phenylethanol para-substitued derivatives to the corresponding ketones were observed. By studying the reactions of (RS)-1-phenylethanol and Arthrobacter atrocyaneus (R1AF57), the reaction parameters to achieve excellent kinetic resolution were determined. Therefore, this methodology was applied to different secondary alcohols under two different reaction media: with growing cells and resting cells in phosphate buffer. The catalytic activity was more efficient with growing cells. The conversions were next to 50% and enantiomeric excess> 99% in most of the cases, especially those reactions with alcohols derived from (RS)- 1-phenylethanol para and meta substituted. Arthrobacter atrocyaneus was employed in dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR). As during the oxidation reactions, a ketone co-product is obtained, the use of NaBH4 was studied to reduce this compound in situ. Thus, an oxidation-reduction reactional cycle was achieved. Then, by estereoinversion it was possible to achieve yields higher than 50% of the pure enantiomerically alcohol. With (RS)-1-(4-methylphenyl)-ethanol as substrate, enantiomeric excess > 99% and yield 79% of pure enantiomerically alcohol was obtained
 
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Publishing Date
2010-05-17
 
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