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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.2003.tde-17112015-160056
Document
Author
Full name
Fernando Dutra
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Bechara, Etelvino Jose Henriques (President)
Abdalla, Dulcineia Saes Parra
Augusto, Ohara
Curi, Rui
Silva Junior, Luiz Fernando da
Title in Portuguese
Estudo mecanístico de lesões oxidativas em biomoléculas por aminoacetona
Keywords in Portuguese
Aminoacetona
Bioquímica orgânica
Diabetes
Estrutura molecular (Química teórica)
Metilglioxal
Oxidaçao aeróbica
Reações químicas (Estudo)
Abstract in Portuguese
Aminoacetona (AA) é um catabólito de Thr e Gly que se acumula nas síndromes cri-du-chat e treoninemia. Atualmente, a oxidação de AA é considerada uma das fontes alternativas de metilglioxal (MG), agente citotóxico e genotóxico, em diabetes mellitus. Em estados de deficiência metabólica, tal como o diabetes, há acúmulo de AA que, por sua vez, sofre oxidação na presença de amino oxidases sensíveis à semicarbazida (SSAO) com a produção de MG, H2O2 e NH4+. As SSAO são enzimas Cu-dependentes, cujo mecanismo de atuação ainda é pouco conhecido e possui como substrato, além de AA, metilamina (endógena) e a benzilamina (xenobiótico). AA possui um grupo amino vicinal à uma carbonila, o que sugere que ela possa sofrer enolização e oxidação catalisada por metal, produzindo espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROs), inclusive radicais HO. A presente tese tem por objetivo esclarecer o mecanismo pelo qual AA sofre oxidação aeróbica, direta e catalisada por metal, com concomitante produção de EROs. Foi dada ênfase à catalise por ferro por sua implicação em desordens associadas com diabetes. Serão apresentados resultados que implicam AA como promotora de danos a membrana de mitocôndrias isoladas, bem como a estrutura proteica de ferritina e ceruloplasmina (CP). Como ferritina e CP estão envolvidas na homeostase de ferro, os danos causados a estas proteínas por AA possivelmente afetam o estado redox de plasma de diabéticos, contribuindo significantemente para o aumento do estresse oxidativo no diabetes.
Title in English
Mechanistic study of oxidative lesions in biomolecules by aminoacetone
Keywords in English
Aerobic oxidation
Aminoacetone
Chemical reactions (Study)
Diabetes
Methylglyoxal
Molecular structure (Theoretical chemistry)
Organic biochemistry
Abstract in English
Aminoacetone (AA) is a threonine and glycine catabolite long known to accumulate in cri-du-chat and threoninemia syndromes and, more recent1y, implicated as a contributing source of methylglyoxal (MG) in diabetes mellitus. AcetylCoA overproduction in diabetes also leads to AA accumulation. AA as well as many other endogenous (e.g., methylamine) and xenobiotic amines (e.g., benzylamine) are oxidized by dioxygen in the presence of SSAO, a group of poorly understood plasma circulating and membrane bound Cu-dependent enzymes, yielding an aldehyde, H2O2 and NH4+ ions. With AA, SSAO activity paradoxally produces the cytotoxic and genotoxic MG. AA bears an amino group vicinal to the carbonyl function and therefore is expected to undergo phosphate-catalyzed enolization and iron-catalyzed oxidation to yield reactive oxygen species (ROS), including HO radicals. The present work aims to clarify the mechanisms by which AA undergoes direct and metal-catalyzed aerobic oxidation to yield deleterious ROS, with emphasis on the catalytic role of iron given its well-known implications in diabetes. In the present work we show that ROS generated through the aerobic oxidation of AA are able to induce damage in isolated rat liver mitochondria as well as in horse spleen ferritin (HoSF) and human ceruloplasmin (CP). The current findings of changes in HoSF and CP may contribute to explain intracellular iron-induced oxidative stress during AA accumulation in diabetes mellitus patients.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-11-17
 
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