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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.2006.tde-15102006-000806
Document
Author
Full name
Mariko Funasaki
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Kato, Massuo Jorge (President)
Andrade, Leandro Helgueira de
Rodrigues Filho, Edson
Romoff, Paulete
Torres, Luce Maria Brandão
Title in Portuguese
Estruturas, atividade biológica e biossíntese de metabólitos secundários de Ocotea catharinensis Mez. (Lauraceae)
Keywords in Portuguese
Atividade biológica
biossíntese
Metabólitos
Ocotea catharinensis
Produtos naturais
Abstract in Portuguese
O estudo fitoquímico das folhas de Ocotea catharinensis (Lauraceae) resultou no isolamento da neolignana tetraidrofurânica veraguensina (1) e do flavonóide glicosilado afzelina (10), ainda não descritas para a espécie, além de quatro neolignanas hexaidrobenzofurânicas (2-5) anteriormente descritas para mesma. Nos embriões somáticos in vitro constatou-se o acúmulo de duas neolignanas hexaidrobenzofurânicas (2, 3) e duas biciclo[3.2.1]octânicas (6, 7), dois sesquiterpenos (8, 9) e um fenilpropanóide (11). A neolignana biciclo[3.2.1]octânica (7S,8R,1'R,2'R,3'R)-2'-acetoxi-3,4-metilenodioxi-3',5'-dimetoxi-4'-oxo-Δ1,3,5,5',8'-8.1',7.3'-neolignana (7), o sesquiterpeno (-)-eudesm-11-em-4α-ol (9) e o fenilpropanóide 6-metóxieugenol (11) não haviam sido isolados anteriormente desta espécie. O perfil dos metabólitos secundários incluiram análises do óleo essencial das folhas cuja análise indicou a predominância de mono- e sesquiterpenos e ausência de fenilpropanóides. Além disso, foram avaliadas atividades antifúngica e antioxidante nos extratos e substâncias isoladas. A fração de CHCl3 do extrato etanólico mostrou atividade antifúngica contra Cladosporium cladosporioide ou C. sphaerospermum. As frações de CHCl3 e de AcOEt do extrato etanólico, as neolignanas hexaidrobenzofurânica (5), biciclooctânica (6), o flavonóide glicosilado (10) e o fenilpropanóide (11) apresentaram atividade antioxidante através do método de DPPH (1,1-difenil-2-picril-hidrazila). A avaliação de hipóteses biossintéticas envolvidas na formação de neolignanas em O. catharinensis fizeram uso de culturas embriogênicas como modelo experimental. Foram realizados diversos estudos de bioconversões de precursores como o isoeugenol e 5-metoxieugenol utilizando-se suspensões celulares e frações enzimáticas porém as conversões in vivo utilizando-se precursores marcados e os embriões foram melhor sucedidas. Entre os precursores radioativos, a L-[U-14C]-fenilalanina foi incorporada às neolignanas hexaidrobenzofurânicas (2, 0,30% e 3, 0,19%) e biciclooctânica (6, 0,12%). No caso do ácido [8-14C]-ferúlico, esse foi incorporado à neolignana hexaidrobenzofurânica (2, 0,17%). Por outro lado, o uso de L-[1-13C]-fenilalanina e análise por espectrometria de massas-massas confirmou o enriquecimento de 13C nas neolignanas hexaidrobenzofurânicas (2 e 3). A análise por RMN de 13C indicou o enriquecimento de 4,3 e 5,0% nos carbonos C9 e C9', respectivamente. Desta maneira, através dos dados de incorporação desses precursores, desvenda-se parte da via biossintética de neolignanas em O. catharinensis.
Title in English
Structures, biological activity and biosynthesis of Ocotea catharinensis Mez.(Lauraceae) secondary metabolites
Keywords in English
Biological activity
Biosynthesis
Metabolites
Ocotea catharinensis
Abstract in English
The phytochemical study of Ocotea catharinensis (Lauraceae) leaves resulted in the isolation of tetrahydrofuran neolignan veraguensin (1) and glycosylated flavonoid afzelin (10), not yet described for this species, besides four hexahydrobenzofuran neolignans (2-5), which had been previously described. The in vitro somatic embryos showed the accumulation of two hexahydrobenzofuran (2, 3) and two bicyclo[3,2,1]octane (6, 7) neolignans, two sesquiterpenes (8, 9) and one phenylpropanoid (11). Among these compounds (7S,8R,1'R,2'R,3'R)-2'-acetoxy-3,4-methylenedioxy-3',5'-dimethoxy-4'-oxo-Δ1,3,5,5',8'-8.1',7.3'-neolignan (7), (-)-eudesm-11-en-4α-ol (9) and 6-methoxy-eugenol (11) have not been previously described for this species. The profile of secondary metabolite included the analysis of essential oil of leaves which indicated the predominance of mono- and sesquiterpene and no phenylpropanoids. In addition, antifungal and antioxidative activities were performed with extracts and isolated compounds. The CHCl3 fraction of ethanol extract exhibited antifungal activities against Cladosporium cladosporioide or C. sphaerospermum. The CHCl3 and EtOAc fractions of ethanol extract, the hexahydrobenzofuran (5) and a bicyclo[3.2.1]octane (6) neolignans, afzelin (10) and 6-methoxy-eugenol (11) displayed antioxidant activities using DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl). The evaluations of biosynthetic hypothesis for neolignan formation in O. catharinensis were based on the use of embriogenic culture as an experimental model. Several assessment for conversion of putative precursors such as eugenol and 5-methoxyeugenol were evaluated using suspension cells and cell free preparations but none of them were as effective as in vivo conversion using labeled precursors directly in embryos. Among the radioactive precursors L-[U-14C]-phenylalanine was incorporated to hexahydrobenzofuran (2, 0.30%; 3, 0.19%) and bicyclo[3.2.1]octane (6, 0.17%) neolignans while [8-14C]-ferulic acid was incorporated only to the hexahydrobenzofuran neolignan (2, 0,17%). The tandem mass spectrometry analysis confirmed the incorporation of 13C atoms in the neolignans (2, 3) indicating the incorporation of one or two molecules of L-[1-13C]-phenylalanine. The analysis of 13C NMR data revealed the enrichment of 4.3 and 5.0% at the positions C9 and C9', respectively. In summary, the labeling experiments have contributed to unravel the biosynthesis of neolignans in O. catharinensis.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-05-30
 
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