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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.2009.tde-15062009-100356
Document
Author
Full name
Joaquim Vogt Marques
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Kato, Massuo Jorge (President)
Andrade, Leandro Helgueira de
Cavalheiro, Alberto José
Marzorati, Liliana
Pinto, Angelo da Cunha
Title in Portuguese
Atividade biológica de amidas e análogos de espécies de Piper e estudos biossintéticos
Keywords in Portuguese
Amidas
Análogos sintéticos
Atividade biológica
Fitoquímica
Metabólitos secundários
Piper corcovadensis
Piper scutifolium
Piperales
Produtos naturais
Abstract in Portuguese
Foram isoladas de Piper scutifolium e P. corcovadensis seis amidas, incluindo a piperovatina, piperlonguminina, isopiperlonguminina e corcovadina, duas inéditas (scutifoliamida A e scutifoliamida B), além de duas aristolactamas (piperolactama C e stigmalactama). A partir de P. tuberculatum foram isoladas as amidas piplartina e pelitorina e os ésteres (E)-3,4,5-trimetoxicinamato de etila (11) e 3,4,5- trimetoxidiidrocinamato de etila (12), esse último obtido pela primeira vez de origem natural. Em função da atividade biológica apresentada pelas amidas isoladas, foram sintetizadas 5-fenil-pentadienamidas e 3-cinamamidas com diferentes substituintes nos anéis aromáticos e na porção amídica. Os extratos, produtos naturais isolados e sintéticos foram submetidos a ensaios de atividade antifúngica frente Cladosporium cladosporioides e C. sphaerospermum, antimicrobiana frente à Candida albicans, C. krusei, C. parapsilosis e Cryptococcus neoformans, inibidora de acetilcolinesterase, carrapaticida frente à Boophilus microplus e citotóxica frente a linhagens tumorais humanas. Para a atividade antifúngica contra C. cladosporioides e C. sphaerospermum foi constatada maior atividade para as N-isobutil e N-pentilamidas sem substituintes no anel aromático. As N-isobutilamidas foram mais ativas como inibidores de acetilcolinesterase; contra B. microplus grande atividade foi apresentada por piperovatina, e os ensaios de citotoxicidade indicaram que o grupo 5,6-dihidropiridin- 2(1H)-ona é fundamental para a atividade. As plântulas de P. corcovadensis apresentaram em sua composição predominantemente piperovatina e assim foram utilizadas para estudos com incorporação de acetato de sódio-[1-14C] e L-fenilalanina - [U-14C] na mesma. As plântulas e calos obtidos para P. scutifolium não apresentaram produção significativa de metabólitos secundários. O estudo do metabolismo fenilpropanoídico de P. regnellii resultou no isolamento parcial da enzima responsável pela conversão de conocarpano em eupomatenóide-6.
Title in English
Biological activity of amides and analogs from Piper species and synthetic analogs
Keywords in English
Amides
Natural products
Phytochemistry
Piper corcovadensis
Piper scutifolium
Secondary metabolites
Synthetic analogs biological activity
Abstract in English
Six amides were isolated from Piper scutifolium and P. corcovadensis including piperovatine, piperlonguminine, isopiperlonguminine and corcovadine, the new scutifoliamide A and scutifoliamide B and also two aristolactams (piperolactam C and stigmalactam). From P. tuberculatum the amides piplartine and pellitorine and two esters, ethyl (E)-3,4,5-trimethoxycinnamate (11) and ethyl 3,4,5- trimethoxydihydrocinnamate (12) were isolated, this last one obtained for the first time from natural sources. Due to the biological activity observed for the natural amides, 5- phenyl-pentadienamides and 3-cinnamamides having different substituents in the aromatic ring and amide moietis were synthesized. Extracts, isolated and synthetic compounds were assayed against Cladosporium cladosporioides, C. sphaerospermum, Candida albicans, C. krusei, C. parapsilosis and Cryptococcus neoformans, inhibitory of acetylcholinesterase, against the tick Boophilus microplus and citotoxic against human cell lines. A higher activity was observed against C. cladosporioides and C. sphaerospermum for N-isobutylamides and N-pentylamides having no substituents in the aromatic ring. N-isobutylamides were very active inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase; piperovatin was the most active against B. microplus and 5,6-dihydropyridin-2(1H)-one moiety was essential as the citotoxicity is concerned. Plantlets of P. corcovadensis contained piperovatine as major compound and thus were used as model for incorporation of sodium acetate-[1-14C] and L-phenylalanine-[U-14C]. The production of secondary metabolites in plantlets and callus of P. scutifolium was not significant. The studies of phenylpropanoid metabolism in P. regnellii was addressed to partial purification and characterization of the enzyme involved in the conversion of conocarpan to eupomatenoid-6.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-07-30
 
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