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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.46.2008.tde-02072008-130027
Document
Author
Full name
Amauri da Paixão Santos
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Di Vitta, Cláudio (President)
Donate, Paulo Marcos
Rezende, Daisy de Brito
Title in Portuguese
A ação de nucleófilos sobre o aduto cloranil-ciclopentadieno
Keywords in Portuguese
Benzoquinona
Diels-Alder
Enodiona
Química orgânica
Quinona
Síntese orgânica
Substituição Nucleofílica
Abstract in Portuguese
Efetuaram-se as reações de nucleófilos de oxigênio (MeONa, EtONa, PhONa e t-BuOK) com o aduto de Diels-Alder cloranil-ciclopentadieno, com o objetivo de se obterem os correspondentes adutos poli-substituídos. Nas reações com MeONa e EtONa foram empregadas tanto quantidades estequiométricas como excesso destes alcóxidos. Nestes últimos casos, foram obtidos dois produtos. Um destes, quando se empregou MeONa, apresentou a mesma estrutura que o aduto cis,endo-2,5-dicloro- 3,6-dimetóxi-p-benzoquinona-ciclopentadieno. O outro produto (B), isolado na forma de óleo, apresentou dados de RMN e de composição que indicaram tratar-se do aduto trans-2,5-dicloro-3,6-dimetóxi-p-benzoquinona-ciclopentadieno ou trans-2,6- dicloro-3,5-dimetóxi-p-benzoquinona-ciclopentadieno, com os grupos OMe e Cl em posições endo e exo, respectivamente. Experiências conduzidas com EtONa levaram a produtos semelhantes. As tentativas de substituir o átomo de cloro ligado ao sistema enodiônico de B foram bem sucedidas quando se empregaram PhSNa ou MeSNa, mas falharam quando se usou o PhSO2Na. Estes produtos de substituição, B-SPh e B-SMe, foram isolados como sólidos amorfos, o que não permitiu que tivessem as suas estruturas determinadas por difração de raios-X. Outros experimentos com o aduto de Diels-Alder cloranil-ciclopentadieno envolveram o uso de PhONa, PhSO2Na e dimetilamina como nucleófilos. Enquanto no caso de PhONa e dimetilamina obtiveram-se os adutos mono-substituídos correspondentes, no caso de PhSO2Na, em metanol, obteve-se a substituição dos dois átomos de cloro do aduto de Diels-Alder cloranil-ciclopentadieno pelos grupos OMe e PhSO2.
Title in English
The Action Of Nucleophiles On The Chloranil-Cyclopentadiene Adduct
Keywords in English
Benzoquinone
Diels-Alder
Enedione
Nucleophilic Substitution
Quinone
Abstract in English
The reactions between the chloranil-cyclopentadiene Diels-Alder adduct and alkoxides (MeONa, EtONa, PhONa e t-BuOK) were carried out aiming the synthesis of the corresponding poly-substituted adducts. In the case of reactions with MeONa and EtONa, equimolar and excess of such nucleophiles were employed. When MeONa was in excess, two products were obtained. One of them was proved to be the cis,endo-2,5-dichloro-3,6-dimethoxy-p-benzoquinone-cyclopentadiene adduct. The other product (B), isolated as an oil, exhibited elemental composition and NMR data that indicate its structural identity with the trans-2,5-dichloro-3,6-dimethoxy-p-benzoquinone-cyclopentadiene or the trans-2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxy-p- benzoquinone-cyclopentadiene adduct, lying the OMe and Cl groups in an endo and exo positions, respectively. The experiments conducted with EtONa lead to the similar products. Aiming the substitution of the chlorine atom that remains attached to the enedionic system of B, this latter compound was successfully reacted with PhSNa and MeSNa, but was unable to react with PhSO2Na.. The corresponding B-SPh and and B-SMe derivatives were isolated as amorphous solids thus precluding their use for their structural determination by X-ray crystallography. Other reactions with chloranil-cyclopentadiene Diels-Alder adduct included the use of PhONa, PhSO2Na and dimethylamine as nucleophiles. In the case of PhONa and However, the reaction of chloranil-cyclopentadiene Diels-Alder adduct and PhSO2Na, in methanol, lead to the substitution of both enodionic chlorine atoms by the OMe and PhSO2 groups.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-07-16
 
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