• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.1997.tde-19022009-121446
Document
Author
Full name
Carlos Vital Paixão de Melo
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1997
Supervisor
Committee
Vicentini, Geraldo (President)
Abrão, Alcídio
Brito, Hermi Felinto de
Crespi, Marisa Spirandelli
Horner, Manfredo
Title in Portuguese
Síntese, caracterização, estudos espectroscópicos e termoanalíticos de compostos de picratos de lantanídeos com o ligante N,N - Dimetilacetamida (DMA)
Keywords in Portuguese
Dimetilacetamida
Espectroscopia
Lantanídeos
Luminescência
Método termoanalítico
Picratos
Química inorgânica
Abstract in Portuguese
Nesta tese são descritos as preparações e caracterizações dos compostos de picratos de Ln (III) com o ligante N,N - Dimetilacetamida (DMA). Apresentaram a seguinte estequiometria: Ln(pic)3.3DMA, Ln = La(III) - Lu(III) e Y(III). A coordenação do ânion picrato foi sugerida pelo comportamento não-eletrólito em solução de acetonitrila e nitrometano e pelos modos vibracionais νsNO2 e νasNO2 na região do infravermelho, que indicaram a coordenação bidentada destes ânions ao íon metálico. A coordenação da DMA foi sugerida pelo deslocamento da νCO para regiões de menor energia. Espectros de absorção na região do visível do composto de Nd(lll) sugeriram o envolvimento não-cúbico em torno do íon metálico e o caráter eletrostático da ligação metal - ligante. Os espectros de emissão do composto de Eu(III) indicaram a microssimetria de prisma trigonal triencapuzado em torno do íon metálico e o grupo de ponto D3h. O espectro de emissão do composto de Sm(III) mostrou a ressonância dos níveis eletrônicos 6H7/2 com a densidade fônon do composto através do aparecimento de picos satélites na transição 4G5/26H7/2. Os níveis de energia participantes do processo de transferência de energia foram estimados através de espectros de excitação e emissão dos compostos de La(III), Eu(III), Gd(III) e Lu(III). Os tempos de vida dos níveis 5D0 Eu(III), 4G5/2 Sm(III) e das emissões do ânion picrato foram medidos. Para algumas transições a eficiência quântica relativa foi calculada. Os estudos da difração dos raios - X pelo método do monocristal dos compostos de La(III) e Sm(III), confirmaram a coordenação do ânion picrato e sua ação bidentada e a coordenação da DMA. As curvas TG, DTG e DSC mostraram o comportamento térmico destes compostos.
Title in English
Complexes between lanthanide picrates and N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMA): synthesis, characterization, spectroscopic studies and thermal behavior
Keywords in English
Dimethylacetamide
Inorganic chemistry
Lanthanides
Luminescence
Picrates
Spectroscopy
Abstract in English
The preparation and characterization of lanthanide picrate compounds with N, N - dimethylacetamide (DMA) are described in this thesis. The composition is: Ln(pic)3.3DMA, Ln = La(III) - Lu(III) e Y(III). The coordination of the anion, as bidentate, to the central ions was suggested by conductance data in acetonitrile and nitromethane solutions and by the vibrational I.R. modes of νsNO2 and νasNO2. The DMA coordination through the carbonyl oxygen was suggested by the νCO shift to lower energies. Visible absorption Nd(III) spectra indicate a non cubic site around the central ion and an electrostatic character for metal ligands bonds. The Eu(III) emission spectrum suggested the existence of tricapped trigonal prism and D3h microsymmetry around the central ion. The Sm(III) emission spectrum showed a resonance of the 6H7/2 electronic levels with the phonon density of the compound, with appearance of satellite peaks in the 4G5/26H7/2 transition. The energy levels in transfer were estimated through the excitation and emission of La(III), Eu(III), Gd(III) and Lu(III). The lifetimes of the Eu(III) 5D0, Sm(III) 4G5/2 levels and the emissions of the picrate anions were measured. The relative quantum efficiency of some transitions were calculated. X - ray single crystal diffraction studies for La(III) e Sm(III) compounds confirmed the bidentate coordination of the picrates and the DMA coordination through the carbonyl oxygen. TG, DTG e DSC techniques were employed to study the thermal behavior of the compounds.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2009-03-03
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.