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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.2018.tde-09082018-102116
Document
Author
Full name
Christian Graziani Garcia
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2002
Supervisor
Committee
Iha, Neyde Yukie Murakami (President)
Batista, Alzir Azevedo
Constantino, Vera Regina Leopoldo
Andrade, Adnei Melges de
Faria, Dalva Lucia Araujo de
Title in Portuguese
Desenvolvimento de célula solar fotoeletroquímica com TiO2 sensibilizado por corantes
Keywords in Portuguese
Células solares (Desenvolvimento)
Corantes
Energia solar
Fotoquímica inorgânica
Abstract in Portuguese
O trabalho apresenta o desenvolvimento de células solares fotoeletroquímicas baseadas na sensibilização de n-TiO2 por corantes sintéticos e naturais. Abrange as etapas envolvidas na sua obtenção, desde a preparação dos compostos sensibilizadores, filmes semicondutores e meio eletrolítico, até a montagem e medidas de eficiência, com a otimização dos diversos componentes do sistema, num arranjo do tipo sanduíche. O fotoanodo consiste num filme de TiO2 nanocristalino sensibilizado pelo corante num substrato condutor. O contraeletrodo é composto de um substrato condutor recoberto com camada transparente de platina. Entre os eletrodos é disposta a camada de eletrólito, geralmente solução de l2/Lil em acetonitrila. A espessura do filme de semicondutor é controlada com os métodos empregados na deposição de sua dispersão. A transparência final depende ainda do método de preparação das dispersões. Utilizando as espécies cis-[(dcbH2)2RuLL')2+, dcbH2 = 4,4'-(CO2H)2-2,2'bipiridina e L/L' = cianopiridina, quinolina e H2O, como sensibilizador, obteve-se conversão eficiente de luz visível em eletricidade com valores de IPCE de até 50 % entre 400 e 550 nm. Os processos de transferência e recombinação de elétron na interface sensibilizador/semicondutor foram investigados por experimentos com técnicas resolvidas no tempo empregando sensibilizadores ancorados aos filmes transparentes de TiO2. O trabalho envolveu ainda incorporações técnicas para aumentar a eficiência da célula, como filamentos metálicos protegidos e a combinação de unidades independentes numa associação modular, que são objetos de patentes depositadas.
Title in English
Development of photoelectrochemical solar cell with dye-sensitized TiO2
Keywords in English
Dyes
Inorganic photochemistry
Solar cells (Development)
Solar energy
Abstract in English
This work presents the development on photoelectrochemical solar cells based on sensitization of n-TiO2 by synthetic and natural dyes. It comprises several steps involved in the fabrication and assembling of the cells in a sandwich-type design. Preparation of sensitizers, semiconductor films and electrolyte media, as well as efficiency measurements and optimization of several components are presented. The photoanode consists of a dye-sensitized nanocrystalline n-TiO2 film onto a conductive substrate. The counterelectrode is a conductive substrate covered with a thin, transparent platinum layer. The electrolyte layer, usually l2/Lil in acetonitrile, is placed between the electrodes. The deposition process of the semiconductor dispersion onto the substrates regulates the resulting thickness of the film. The final transparency is also controlled by the procedure employed in the preparation of the semiconductor dispersion. The species cis-[(dcbH2)2RuLL']2+, dcbH2 = 4,4'-(CO2H)2-2,2'-bipyridine and L/L' = 4-cyanopyridine, quinoline and H2O, were employed as sensitizers resulting in IPCE (Incident Monochromatic Photon to Current Conversion Efficiency) values as high as 50 % from 400 to 550 nm. Electron transfer and recombination processes across the semiconductor/sensitizer interface were investigated with time-resolved experiments employing transparent films of n-TiO2 sensitized by the anchored species. Other approaches aiming improvements in efficiencies and the preparation of photoelectrochemical solar cells for different applications or through environmentally friendly processes are discussed. The use of protected metallic filaments and the modular arrangement of single cells are issues of patents.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-08-09
 
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