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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.46.2000.tde-01092014-164032
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Cecilia Valderrama Negrón
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2000
Supervisor
Committee
Najjar, Renato (President)
Ferreira, Ana Maria da Costa
Rogero, José Roberto
Title in Portuguese
Síntese e caracterização de carboxilatos de Rh(II) e seus adutos com metronidazol: ensaios biológicos com vistas à vtividade radiossensibilizadora de tumores
Keywords in Portuguese
Antitumor
Bioquímica inorgânica
Carboxilatos
Compostos organometálicos
Metronidazol
Química inorgânica
Radiossensibilizadores
Ródio
Abstract in Portuguese
Radiossensibilizadores são definidos como agentes químicos que aumentam a sensibilidade das células hipóxicas à radiação, visando o aumento da eficácia da radioterapia no tratamento do câncer. Alguns Carboxilatos de Rh (II) e compostos nitroimidazólicos têm sido testados como radiossensibilizadores em doses elevadas de radiação, obtendo-se resultados significativos. Neste trabalho, foram sintetizados vários carboxilatos e um amidato de Rh (II): propionato, butirato, trifluoroacetato, citrato e trifluoroacetamidato, assim como os seus respectivos adutos com metronidazol, de fórmula geral: [Rh2(RCOO)4metro2] (R = CH3, C2H5, C3H7, C5 H7O5, e CF3) para o caso dos carboxilatos e [Rh2(CF3CONH) 4 metro2] para o aduto de trifluoroacetamidato. Os compostos foram caracterizados por análise elementar, espectroscopia eletrônica, infravermelho e de ressonância magnética nuclear de próton. O resultado desta caracterização permitiu estabelecer as rotas de síntese confirmando a formação dos carboxilatos tipo ponte e a presença do metronidazol nas posições axiais, numa relação 1:2. O efeito radiossensibilizador desses complexos de Rh (II) foi testado in vitro, irradiando-se, em atmosfera hipóxica, células de ovário de hamster chinês (CHO k1), na presença dos complexos, utilizando-se raios gama provenientes de uma fonte de 60Co, com doses de 2,7 e 4,3 Gy. Foi realizado teste de citotoxicidade para determinar as concentrações atóxicas de cada composto, eliminando a possibilidade de morte celular devido ao efeito tóxico dos mesmos. Na dose 2,7 Gy não houve nenhum efeito interessante; já com a dose de 4,3 Gy o [Rh2(CH3 COO)4] mostrou uma atividade radiossensibilizadora maior do que nos demais complexos. Os resultados foram semelhantes aos obtidos na literatura com doses de radiação até 10 vezes maiores. Devido à ausência de mudanças significativas no efeito radiossensibilizador entre os carboxilatos e amidato e seus respectivos adutos com metronidazol, foi determinada a constante de formação destes últimos, demonstrando que os mesmos sofrem decomposição quando em solução aquosa diluída.
Title in English
Synthesis and characterization Rhodium (II) carboxylates and its adducts with metronidazole: biological assays aimed at radiosensitizing activity of tumors
Keywords in English
Antitumor
Biochemistry inorganic
Carboxylates
Inorganic chemistry
Metronidazole
Organometallic compounds
Radiosensitizers
Rhodium
Abstract in English
Radiosensitizers are chemical agents that enhance the radiation sensitivity of hipoxic tumor cells aiming to better radiotherapy efficacy in the treatment of cancer. Some Rhodium (II) carboxylates and its adducts with nitroimidazole derivatives, have been tested as radiosensitizers in high doses of radiation, being obtained significant results. In this work, several Rhodium carboxylates and one Rhodium amidate previously described were synthesized: propionate, trifluoroacetate, citrate and , trifluoroacetamidate, as well as their respective adducts with nitroimidazole of general formula [Rh2(RCOO)4metro2] for the carboxylates and [Rh2(CF3CONH)4metro2] for the trifluoroacetamidate adduct. The compositions where characterized by elementary analysis, electronic and infrared spectroscopy and proton nuclear magnetic resonance. The results of that characterization allowed us to establish the synthesis routes and confirm the bridge type structure of the Rodhium compounds, beyond the presence of the metronidazole at the axial positions in the proportions of 1:2. The radiosensitizing effects of these Rh (II) complexes were tested in vitro by irradiation of Chinese hamster (CHO k1) cells under hipoxic atmosphere in the presence of the complexes, using gamma rays from a 60Co source and doses of 2,7 and 4,3 Gy. A cytotoxicity test has been performed to determinate the non-toxic concentrations of these compounds, in order to rule out the possibility of cellular death induced by the complexe´s cytotoxicity. A 2,7 Gy dose showed no interesting effects but under a 4,3 Gy dose, the complex Rh2(CH3 COO)4 showed a higher radiosensitizing effect than the order compounds and close to previously reported effects which required high radiation doses. As there was not a significant change in the radiosensitizing effect between the carboxylate and the amidate and their respective metronidazole adducts it was performed the measurement of the formation constant of that adducts. The results of that measurements gave evidence of adduct decomposition when in dilute aqueous solution.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-09-01
 
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