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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.2009.tde-30072009-140620
Document
Author
Full name
Rômulo Augusto Ando
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Santos, Paulo Sérgio (President)
El Seoud, Omar A.
Franco, Douglas Wagner
Serra, Osvaldo Antonio
Torresi, Roberto Manuel
Title in Portuguese
Interação de SO2 com espécies iônicas e moleculares: espectrocopia raman e cálculos teóricos
Keywords in Portuguese
Dinâmica molecular
Eletroquímica
Espectroscopia Raman
Físico-química
Líquidos iônicos
Química verde
Raman ressonante
Sensor de SO2
Transferência de carga
Abstract in Portuguese
No presente trabalho foram investigados vários sistemas moleculares contendo o dióxido de enxofre (SO2) como espécie elétron aceptora e diversas espécies elétron doadoras como aminas (alifáticas e aromáticas), complexos inorgânicos e líquidos iônicos. Estes compostos são chamados de complexos do tipo doador-aceptor, que no caso do SO2 são caracterizados por apresentarem baixas energias de ligação entre as espécies se comparada à maioria dos complexos desta categoria. A caracterização vibracional dos complexos e adutos de SO2, assim como do processo de transferência de carga (CT) intermolecular e da estabilidade destes sistemas consistem nos principais objetivos deste trabalho, tendo sido para tanto utilizadas as técnicas de espectroscopia eletrônica (UV-Vis), espectroscopia vibracional (Raman e infravermelho), cálculos de química quântica (DFT) e cálculos de dinâmica molecular clássica (MD). No caso de complexos entre aminas e SO2 foi observado que além da basicidade das aminas, o efeito estérico consiste em um fator crucial para a estabilidade. No caso de aminas aromáticas, complexos coloridos foram formados permitindo a obtenção de espectros Raman ressonante. No caso de um complexo inorgânico, com utilidade potencial como sensor de SO2foi observada a aplicação da espectroscopia Raman ressonante na caracterização do complexo de estequiometria 2:1. Já no caso da interação de SO2 e líquidos iônicos (LI) foi observada a capacidade de absorção de SO2 por LI e a conseqüente mudança das propriedades físico-químicas destes líquidos, o que abre a possibilidade, além de sua potencial utilização no contexto ambiental, de sintonizar propriedades de líquidos iônicos através da adição controlada de SO2.
Title in English
Interaction of SO2 with molecular and ionic species: Raman spectroscopy and theoretical calculations
Keywords in English
Charge transfer electrochemistry
Electrochemistry
Green Chemistry
Ionic liquids
Molecular dynamics
Raman spectroscopy
Resonance Raman
SO2 sensor
Abstract in English
In the present work molecular systems bearing the sulfur dioxide (SO2) as an electron acceptor species and several electron donor species as amines (aliphatic and aromatic), inorganic complexes and ionic liquids were investigated. Such complexes are commonly known as donor-acceptor complexes, and in particular, in the case of SO2 complexes are characterized by low binding energies when compared with the majority of charge transfer (CT) complexes. The vibrational characterization of the SO2 complexes, as well as of the intermolecular charge transfer (CT) process and of their stabilities are the main subjects of this work, and for such, electronic spectroscopy (UV-Vis), vibrational spectroscopy (Raman and infrared), quantum chemical (DFT) calculations and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were used. In the case of complexes formed by amines and SO2 it was observed that besides the amine basicities, the steric effect plays a crucial role in their stabilities. In the case of aromatic amines, colored complexes were formed allowing the resonance Raman study. The use of Raman spectroscopy in the characterization of an inorganic complex (SO2 sensor) indicates the potential use of the resonance Raman effect for SO2 monitoring. In the case of the interaction between SO2 and ionic liquids it was observed the great capability of ionic liquids as SO2 absorbers, and the consequent change in the physical-chemical properties of these liquids, what opens the possibility, in addition to its potential use in the environmental context, for tuning the ionic liquids properties via the controlled addition of SO2.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-11-16
 
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