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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.46.2007.tde-18102007-162749
Document
Author
Full name
Leonardo Teixeira da Silveira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Torresi, Susana Inés Córdoba de (President)
Girotto, Emerson Marcelo
Kawano, Yoshio
Title in Portuguese
Estudo espectroeletroquímico das propriedades condutoras dos polímeros poli(sulfeto de fenileno fenilenamina) e poli(anilina) em líquido iônico
Keywords in Portuguese
Espectroeletroquímica
Líquidos iônicos
Poli(sulfeto de fenileno fenilenamina)
Polianilina
Polímeros condutores
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste trabalho, serão apresentados o comportamento eletroquímico e espectro-eletroquímico dos polímeros condutores poli(sulfeto de fenileno fenilenamina) (PPSA) e poli(anilina) (PANI) no líquido iônico bis(trifluorometanosulfonil)imideto de 1-butil-2,3-dimetilimidazólio (BMMITFSI). Os experimentos eletroquímicos em BMMITFSI mostram que o PPSA apresenta dois processos redox reversíveis sem sinais de perda de eletroatividade e mostram também a obtenção da PANI pela polimerização eletroquímica da anilina com os dois processos redox típicos das transformações em leucoesmeraldina ↔ esmeraldina ↔ pernigranilina, sem a necessidade de adição de ácidos e sem nenhum sinal de degradação em potenciais elevados. Os experimentos de UV-Vis e Raman Ressonante evidenciaram a estabilização das estruturas oxidadas formadas em líquido iônico tornando este fato a principal razão para o comportamento reversível dos processos redox de ambos os polímeros. Os experimentos de resistência in situ da PANI, demonstraram que a pernigranilina obtida em potenciais elevados é mantida na forma condutora. Estes fenômenos observados em ambos os polímeros indicam que a alta atmosfera iônica do BMMITFSI, estaria estabilizando as estruturas mais oxidadas (dicátions) em potenciais elevados, o que evita a degradação e perda de eletroatividade do PPSA e permite a condutividade da PANI na forma pernigranilina sal.
Title in English
Spectroelectrochemical study of conductive properties of poly(phenylnenesulfide phenyleneamine) and polyaniline polymers in ionic liquid
Keywords in English
Conducting polymers
Ionic liquids
Poly(phenylenesulfide phenyleneamine)
Polyaniline
Spectroelectrochemistry
Abstract in English
In this work, the electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical behavior of Poly(phenylenesulfide phenyleneamine) (PPSA) and polyaniline (PANI) conducting polymers in a room temperature ionic liquids, 1-butyl-2-3-dimethylimidazolium bis(trifluorometanessulfonil)imide (BMMITFSI) is presented. Electrochemical experiments of a PPSA in BMMITFSI show two reversible redox processes without loss of electroactivity. Aniline polymerization to obtain PANI films with typically two redox processes due to leucoemeraldine ↔ esmeraldine ↔ pernigraniline transformations was also carried out in the absence of acids, and even cycling till high positive potentials, no degradation signals were observed. UV-Vis and Resonance Raman studies show the stabilization of dications in BMMITFSI as the main reason to the reversible redox behavior observed on both conducting polymers and the in-situ resistance measurements corroborated the stabilization of pernigraniline salt at high oxidation potentials in the conducting form of PANI. These results obtained in room temperature ionic liquid shows that the high ionic medium given by the BMMITFSI would shield the positive charges, which would stabilize the dication species at high potentials, avoiding the degradation and loss of electroaticity of PPSA and allowing charge transport on pernigraniline salt.
 
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Publishing Date
2007-11-01
 
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