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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.2006.tde-11012007-083700
Document
Author
Full name
Celly Mieko Shinohara Izumi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Temperini, Marcia Laudelina Arruda (President)
Davanzo, Celso Ulisses
Gonçalves, Débora
Gonçalves, Rogéria Rocha
Torresi, Susana Inés Cordoba de
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização espectroscópica da polianilina em diferentes ambientes químicos
Keywords in Portuguese
Espectroscopia Raman
Polianilina
Polímeros
Polímeros condutores
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho de tese versa sobre o estudo espectroscópico da polianilina (PANI) formada em solução e nas cavidades de sólidos inorgânicos porosos e, também, sobre o monitoramento da interação entre a PANI e íons metálicos, através das técnicas espectroscópicas Raman ressonante, espectroscopia no infravermelho (IR), espectroscopia eletrônica no UV-VIS-NIR, ressonância paramagnética eletrônica (EPR) e absorção de raios X (XANES). Na síntese em solução, empregou-se o Cu(II) como agente oxidante em dois meios: (i) aquoso ácido e (ii) acetonitrila/água. As matrizes inorgânicas utilizadas foram a MCM-41, Cu(II)-MCM-41, Cu(II)-Montmorilonita e alfa-Zr(HOPO3)2.H2O. A espectroscopia Raman ressonante, utilizando diferentes radiações excitantes, demonstrou-se uma importante ferramenta no estudo dos diversos segmentos poliméricos nos diferentes ambientes químicos. Verificou-se a importância do meio reacional na natureza do polímero obtido. Usando Cu(II) em meio aquoso ácido, forma-se o de sal de esmeraldina enquanto em meio de acetonitrila/água, obteve-se um polímero contendo anéis fenazínicos e segmentos quinonadiimina e/ou fenilenodiamina. Os polímeros obtidos na sílica mesoporosa Cu(II)-MCM-41, na argila Cu(II)-MMT e no fosfato lamelar alfa-Zr(HPO4)2.H2O (alfa-ZrP) também apresentam novos segmentos provenientes de mecanismos de polimerização que diferem do usual acoplamento cabeça-cauda. Através da técnica "layer-by-layer" foi possível obter filmes de alfa-ZrP/PANI com a PANI na forma sal de esmeraldina e conformação estendida. Foi observado que complexação da esmeraldina base (EB) com Cu(II), Fe(III) e Zn(II) leva à formação de radicais cátions. O monitoramento do comportamento espectroscópico de soluções de EB e íons metálicos em solução de N-metil-pirrolidona demonstrou que as espécies presentes dependem da natureza dos íons metálicos, da proporção Metal/EB e das concentrações do polímero e do íon metálico.
Title in English
Spectroscopic characterization of polyaniline in different environments
Keywords in English
Polyaniline
Polymers
Raman spectroscopy
Abstract in English
This work presents the spectroscopic study of polyaniline (PANI) formed in solution and inside inorganic porous materials, and also the monitoring of the interaction of PANI and metallic ions through resonance Raman, infrared spectroscopy (IR), electronic UV-VIR-NIR spectroscopy, electronic paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES). In the polymerization of aniline in solution, Cu(II) ions were used as oxidizing in two different media: (i) acidic aqueous medium and (ii) acetonitrile/water. The inorganic hosts employed were MCM-41, Cu(II)-MCM-41, Cu(II)-Montmorillonite and alpha-Zr(HOPO3)2.H2O. Resonance Raman scattering by using exciting laser lines in a wide spectral range is an important technique for the structural investigation of the polymeric segments in different environments. It was verified the important role of the synthetic parameters in the structure of the polymeric material obtained. Using Cu(II) ions in acidic aqueous medium, emeraldine salt (ES) is formed while in acetonitrile/water medium it was observed a polymer having phenazine-like rings, quinonediimine and/or phenylenediamine segments. The obtained polymers into mesoporous silica Cu(II)-MCM-41, into Cu(II)-MMT clay and into the lamellar phosphate alpha-Zr(HPO4)2.H2O (alpha-ZrP) also present new segments resulted from distinct polymerization mechanisms from the usual head-to-tail coupling. Through the layer-by-layer technique it was possible to obtain alpha-ZrP/PANI films with PANI in the ES form and with extended conformation. It was observed that complexation of emeraldine base (EB) with Cu(II), Fe(III), and Zn(II) ions gives rise to radical cations formation. The monitoring of spectroscopic behavior of EB and metallic ions in NMP solution showed that the species present depend on the nature of metallic ion, on the Metal/EB ratio, and on the metallic ion and polymer concentrations.
 
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Publishing Date
2007-02-06
 
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