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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.46.2010.tde-27042010-091259
Document
Author
Full name
Adriano Sartori
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Bechara, Etelvino José Henriques (President)
Castilho, Roger Frigerio
Cuccovia, Iolanda Midea
Miyamoto, Sayuri
Onuki, Janice
Title in Portuguese
Toxicidade de aminoacetona e células produtoras de insulina
Keywords in Portuguese
Aminoacetona
Células RINm5f
Diabetes
Estresse oxidativo
Metilglioxal
Peróxido de hidrogênio
Abstract in Portuguese
Danos induzidos por hiperglicemia em tecidos no diabetes são caracterizados por quatro mecanismos conectados: aumento do fluxo metabólico através da via do poliol, ativação da proteína quinase C (PKC), aumento da atividade da via das hexosaminas e aumento da produção intracelular dos precursores dos produtos finais de glicação avançada (AGEs). Entre eles, os derivados de metilglioxal, um potente agente de modificação de proteínas e DNA, têm sido associados a complicações microvasculares no diabetes: nefropatia, retinopatia e neuropatia. O metilglioxal é produzido a partir das trioses fosfato, acetona e aminoacetona, um catabólito de treonina e glicina, gerado na matriz mitocondrial. A aminoacetona sofre oxidação enzimática, catalisada por aminoxidase sensível a semicarbazida (SSAO), ou química, catalisada por íons de cobre e ferro, produzindo metilglioxal, H2O2 e NH4 +. Sabendo que metilglioxal e H2O2 são capazes de induzir apoptose e/ou necrose em células produtoras de insulina (RINm5f) propomos uma possível atividade pró-oxidante da aminoacetona sobre células beta do pâncreas. O tratamento destas linhagens com aminoacetona/Cu(II) aumentou a morte celular, fluxo de Ca2+ intracelular, produção de NO, fragmentação do DNA, depleção dos níveis de glutationa reduzida (GSH), expressão gênica da proteína apoptótica Bax, enzimas antioxidantes - glutationa peroxidase (GPx), glutationa redutase (GRd), catalase e isoformas de superóxido dismutases (CuZnSOD e MnSOD) - e óxido nítrico sintase induzida (iNOS). Embora as concentrações normais e patológicas da aminoacetona, provavelmente seja muito menores que as usadas nos experimentos, sugerimos que, em tecidos de diabéticos, um acúmulo da aminoacetona em longo prazo pode conduzir a danos oxidativos e eventualmente morte das células beta do pâncreas
Title in English
Cytotoxity of aminoacetone on insulin-producing cells
Keywords in English
Aminoacetone
Diabetes
Hydrogen peroxide
Methylglyoxal
Oxidative sress
RINm5f cells
Abstract in English
Tissue damages induced by hyperglycemia in diabetics are characterized by four linked mechanisms: increased flux through the polyol pathway, protein kinase C (PKC) activation, increased hexosamine pathway activity and intracellular production of advanced glycation end product (AGE) precursors. The production of AGEs by modifying proteins and DNA agent, such as methylglyoxal, has been implicated in microvascular complications in diabetes: nephropathy, retinopathy and neuropathy. Methylglyoxal is putatively produced in vivo from trioses phosphate, acetone and aminoacetone, a catabolite of threonine and glycine synthesized in the mitochondrial matrix. Aminoacetone has been reported to undergo semicarbazide sensitive amine oxidase- catalyzed and copper- and iron-catalyzed oxidations by molecular oxygen to methylglyoxal, NH4 + ion and H2O2. Considering that methylglyoxal and H2O2 have been found to promote apoptosis/necrosis to insulin-producing cells (RINm5f), we propose a possible pro-oxidant role of aminoacetone in pancreatic beta-cells. Treatment of RINm5f cells with aminoacetone plus Cu(II) ion promotes an increase of non-viable cells, influx of Ca2+ ions, NO production, DNA fragmentation, depletion of reduced glutathione (GSH) levels, and increased mRNA expression of pro-apoptotic protein (Bax), antioxidant enzymes - glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GRd), MnSOD, CuZnSOD and catalase - and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Although both normal and pathological concentrations of aminoacetone are probably much lower than those used here, it is tempting to propose that excess aminoacetone in diabetic patients, at long term, may drive oxidative damage and eventually death of pancreatic beta-cells
 
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Publishing Date
2010-05-18
 
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