• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.46.2007.tde-25042007-075453
Document
Author
Full name
Fernanda Menezes Cerqueira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Augusto, Ohara (President)
Castilho, Roger Frigerio
DI Mascio, Paolo
Title in Portuguese
Conseqüências da expressão da enzima Cu,Zn-superóxido dismutase (SOD1) e sua mutante G93A em neuroblastomas. Implicações para a esclerose lateral amiotrófica
Keywords in Portuguese
Agregação protéica
CuZn-superóxido dismutase citosólica (SOD1)
Dímero covalente de SOD
Esclerose Lateral Amiotrófica (ELA)
Ligação dissulfeto
Abstract in Portuguese
Cerca de 20 % dos casos familiares de esclerose lateral amiotrófica (ELAf) são causados por mutações na enzima Cu,Zn-superóxido dismutase (SOD1). Inicialmente se supôs que as enzimas mutantes teriam a atividade SOD comprometida, entretanto isto não foi comprovado. Atualmente, considera-se que as enzimas mutantes adquiram propriedades tóxicas. Quais seriam estas propriedades e como levariam à degeneração do neurônio motor são questões ainda não respondidas. Neste trabalho, comparamos neuroblastomas humanos transfectados com SOD1 G93A associada à ELAf (SH-SY5YG93A), e SOD1 selvagem (SH-SY5YWT) com células parentais (SH-SY5Y) em relação ao crescimento, viabilidade, produção basal de oxidantes, atividades SOD e peroxidásica e modificações estruturais da SOD. As células transfectadas apresentaram aumento na taxa de crescimento e na produção basal de oxidantes. As células SH-SY5YWT e SH-SY5YG93A mantiveram a expressão de SOD1 e atividade consistente com o aumento esperado de duas vezes, em estágios iniciais de cultura. A atividade peroxidásica do homogenato da célula SH-SY5YG93A foi maior. Após quatro semanas, a linhagem SH-SY5YG93A manteve a expressão de SOD1, mas as atividades dismutásica e peroxidásica diminuíram. A expressão de SOD1 aumentou a proporção de formas alteradas de SOD1, como enzima reduzida, multímeros formados por ponte dissulfeto e formas insolúveis em detergente, particularmente na linhagem SH-SY5YG93A. Entre estas formas insolúveis, identificamos um dímero covalente de SOD. Estas formas alteradas provavelmente são responsáveis pela ativação do proteassomo e estresse do retículo endoplasmático, verificados nas células transfectadas. Concluindo, a superexpressão da SOD1 foi suficiente para elevar as formas imaturas e oligomerizadas de SOD1 e a oxidação basal, e a mutação G93A ressaltou estes processos.
Title in English
Some consequences of SOD1 and G93A mutant expression in neuroblastomas. Implications for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
Keywords in English
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
CuZn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1)
Disulfide bond
Protein aggregation
SOD covalent dimer
Abstract in English
Some familial ALS (fALS) are caused by mutations in the Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase enzyme (SOD1). It was thought that the mutated enzymes would have impaired SOD activity, but this has not been corroborated so far. Presently, it is more accepted that the mutated enzymes acquire a new toxic function. What this new toxic function is and how it relates to the degeneration of motor neurons remains debatable. Here, we compared human neuroblastoma cells transfected with fALS mutant G93A (SH-SY5YG93A) or wild-type SOD1 (SH-SY5YWT) with parent cells (SH-SY5Y) in regard to growth, viability, basal oxidant production, SOD and peroxidase activities, and SOD forms. Transfected cells presented increased growth rate and basal oxidant production. SH-SY5YWT and SH-SY5YG93A cells in early culture stage showed SOD expression and activity consistent with the expected two-fold increase; SH-SY5YWT homogenates showed increased peroxidase activity. After four weeks, SH-SY5YG93A maintained SOD1 expression levels but peroxidase and dismutase activities were lower. SOD1 expression increased the levels of altered SOD1 forms such as the reduced enzyme, disulfide multimers and detergent-insoluble forms, particularly in SH-SY5YG93A cells. Among the insoluble forms a covalent SOD dimer was identified. These altered SOD forms are probably responsible for proteasome activation and endoplasmatic reticulum stress response verified in transfected cells. In conclusion, SOD1 over-expression was sufficient to increase intracellular immature and oligomerized SOD1 forms and basal oxidation and the G93A mutation enhanced these processes.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
fernanda.pdf (415.68 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2007-07-04
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.