• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.46.2012.tde-15052012-104940
Document
Author
Full name
Paulo Marques Pierry
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Silva, Aline Maria da (President)
Hotta, Carlos Takeshi
Marques, Marilis do Valle
Title in Portuguese
Pirossequenciamento e análise comparativa de genomas do fitopatógeno Xylella fastidiosa
Keywords in Portuguese
Clorose variegada dos citros
Fitopatógeno
Genômica comparativa
Pirossequenciamento de genomas
Xylella fastidiosa
Abstract in Portuguese
Xylella fastidiosa é uma bactéria Gram-negativa, do subgrupo das Gama-Proteobactérias, não-flagelada, que coloniza o xilema de diversas plantas cultivadas e silvestres, podendo ser causadora de doenças. Sua disseminação é feita por insetos conhecidos como cigarrinhas. Genomas de cepas de X. fastidiosa isoladas de distintos hospedeiros já foram sequenciados completa ou parcialmente: 9a5c de citros; Temecula-1 e GB514 de videira; Dixon, M12 e M23 de amendoeira; Ann-1 de espirradeira e EB92-1, isolada de sabugueiro e utilizada como bio-controle para Doença de Pierce de videiras. Estudos de genômica comparativa associados a abordagens de genômica funcional e de genética molecular têm possibilitado o estudo detalhado de mecanismos potencialmente relevantes tanto para a colonização de plantas e insetos por este fitopatógeno como para o desenvolvimento de sintomas associados a doenças específicas em seus respectivos hospedeiros vegetais. Exceto o genoma de 9a5c, todos os demais genomas conhecidos são de cepas isoladas na América do Norte. Neste trabalho descrevemos o pirossequenciamento dos genomas da cepa J1a12, que exibe fenótipo não-virulento em citros, e das cepas Pr8x e Hib4, isoladas, respectivamente, de ameixeira e hibisco. A cepa J1a12 possui além de seu cromossomo principal de 2.788.789 pb dois plasmídeos, pXF51 e pXF27, respectivamente de 51.180 pb e 27.268 pb. pXF51 já foi descrito também na cepa de citros 9a5c e pXF27 tem similaridade com outros plasmídeos de cepas de X. fastidiosa norte-americanas isoladas de amoreira e videira. A cepa Pr8x possui além de seu cromossomo principal de 2.666.242 pb um plasmídeo, pXF39, de 39.580 pb, o qual contém a maioria das CDS presentes no pXF51. A cepa Hib4, isolada de hibisco, tem o maior cromossomo (2.813.297 pb) e também o maior plasmídeo (pXF64 com 64.251 pb) já descritos para X. fastidiosa. pXF64 apresenta extensa similaridade com o plasmídeo pBVIE04 de Burkholderia vietnamensis cepa G4, sendo descrito pela primeira vez em cepas de X. fastidiosa. Análises comparativas destes genomas possibilitaram a identificação de alterações que podem ser correlacionadas com os fenótipos exibidos por estas cepas, além da variedade e diversidade de regiões relacionadas a bacteriófagos e de plasmídeos que co-existem nas diferentes cepas deste fitopatógeno.
Title in English
Pyrosequencing and comparative analysis of Xylella fastidiosa genomes
Keywords in English
Citrus variegated chlorosis
Comparative genomics
Genome pyrosequencing
Phytopathogen
Xylella fastidiosa
Abstract in English
Xylella fastidiosa is a Gram-negative bacteria, of the Gamma-proteobacterium subgroup, non-flagellated that colonizes the xylem of several cultivated and wild plants, where may cause disease. The bacterium is spread by insects known as sharpshooters. Genomes of X. fastidiosa strains isolated from different hosts have been completely or partially sequenced: 9a5c from citrus; Temecula-1 and GB514 from grapevine; Dixon, M12 and M23 from almond tree; Ann-1 from oleander and EB92-1, isolated from elderberry and used as bio-control for Pierce's disease of grapevines. Comparative genomics studies associated with approaches from functional genomics and molecular genetics have allowed a detailed study of mechanisms potentially relevant to the colonization of plants and insects by this pathogen as well as to the development of symptoms associated with specific diseases in their respective host plants. Except for 9a5c, all other known genomes are from strains isolated in North America. Here we describe the pyrosequencing of the genomes of strain J1a12, which displays non-virulent phenotype in citrus and of Pr8x and Hib4 strains isolated, respectively, from plum and hibiscus. J1a12 has a main chromosome of 2,788,789 bp and two plasmids, pXF51 and pXF27, respectively of 51,180 bp and 27,268 bp. pXF51 has been described also in the citrus strain 9a5c and pXF27 has similarity with other plasmids found in North American strains isolated from mulberry tree and grapevine. The strain Pr8x has a main chromosome of 2,666,242 bp and one plasmid, pXF39, of 39,580 bp which present similarities with pXF51. Hib4, the strain isolated from hibiscus, has the largest chromosome (2,813,297 bp) and the largest plasmid (pXF64 with 64,251 bp) described for X. fastidiosa. pXF64 shows extensive similarity with the plasmid pBVIE04 of Burkholderia vietnamensis G4 strain and is described for the first time in X. fastidiosa. Comparative analyzes of these genomes have identified several differences that may be correlated with the phenotypes displayed by these strains, in addition to the variety and diversity of regions related to bacteriophages and plasmids that co-exist in different strains of this pathogen.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2012-07-11
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.