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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.46.1977.tde-08052012-164406
Document
Author
Full name
Iolanda Midea Cuccovia
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1977
Supervisor
Title in Portuguese
Efeito de detergentes na velocidade de: transferência intramolecular de acila-tiolise de acetato de p-nitrofenila
Keywords in Portuguese
Acetato de p-Nitrofenila
Bioquímica
Detergentes
Química de superfície
Tiólise
Transferência intramolecular de acila
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste trabalho utilizaram-se dois sistemas para pesquisar alguns dos fatores que alteram a velocidade de reações em sistemas micelares. A reação de transferência de acila de S-octanoil-β-mercaptoetilamina (OMA) é catalisada 4,6 vezes por micelas de brometo de hexadeciltrimetilamônio (CTAB) e levemente inibida por Brij-35. A reação de transferência de acila de S para N da acetil-β-mercaptoetilamina (AMA) não é afetada por CTAB, porém é inibida cerca de 100 vezes por dodecil sulfato de sódio (SDS). A reação de OMA também é fortemente inibida por SDS (1.700 vezes). Estes efeitos foram atribuídos a uma alteração do pK do grupo amino e à diminuição da liberdade conformacional da molécula de substrato na fase micelar. O CTAB aumenta a velocidade de tiólise de acetato de p-nitrofenila por tiofenóis substituídos aproximadamente 50 vezes. A constante de velocidade calculada na fase micelar (k2m) é idêntica a obtida em fase aquosa (k2w) para tiofenol, p-metoxitiofenol e p-metiltiofenol. k2m é 40% menor do que k2w na reação com p-clorotiofenol. A aceleração observada em presença de CTAB pode ser atribuída, exclusivamente, à concentração de substrato na fase micelar.
Title in English
Effect of detergents on the rate of: Intramolecular acyl-transfer. Thiolysis of p-noitrophenylacetate
Keywords in English
Biochemistry
Detergents
Intramolecular acyl-transfer
p-nitrophenylacetate
Surface chemistry
Thiolysis
Abstract in English
Two systems were used in order to investigate some of the factors that modify the reaction rate in micelles. The rate of S to N acyl transfer of S-octanoyl-β- mercaptoethylamine (OMA) is enhanced by hexadecyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) micelles by 4.6 fold and slightly inhibited by the non ionic detergent Brij-35. The rate of S to N transfer of S-acetyl-β-mercaptoethylamine (AMA) is unaffected by CTAB or Brij-35. Micelles of a negative detergent, sodium dodecyl sulfate inhibit the rate of S to N transfer of AMA by 100 fold, the inhibition in the case of OMA is 1.7 x 103 fold. An increase in the apparent pK of the ammonium ion and a decrease in the conformational mobility of OMA is proposed to account for the observed results. CTAB increases the rate of thiolysis of p-nitrophenyl acetate by substituted thiophenols by approximately 50 fold. The calculated rate constant in the micellar phase (k2m) is identical to that in the aqueous phase (k2w) for thiophenol, p-methoxithiophenol and p-metilthiophenol. k2m is 40% less than k2w in the case of p-clorothiophenol. The observed rate acceleration can be attributed, exclusively, to substrate concentration in the micellar phase.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-05-10
 
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