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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.44.2010.tde-08012011-194632
Document
Author
Full name
Aline Carneiro Silverol
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Toledo, Maria Cristina Motta de (President)
Agostino, Lilia Mascarenhas Sant
Silva, Wilson Tadeu Lopes da
Simões, Marcelo Luiz
Stamford, Newton Pereira
Title in Portuguese
Fertilizantes organo-fosfatados produzidos pelo processo Humifert: estudo das transformações e caracterização dos produtos
Keywords in Portuguese
Fertilizantes alternativos
Fósforo
Matéria orgânica
Rocha fosfática
Abstract in Portuguese
O processo Humifert de produção de fertilizantes pode constituir-se em uma nova alternativa de aproveitamento desses materiais, pois fabrica compostos a partir de minérios inadequados aos processos industriais atualmente em uso, e ainda utiliza material orgânico, favorecendo e ampliando o uso de resíduos orgânicos. Além disso, os compostos organo-fosfatados podem apresentar características mais apropriadas ao clima tropical, com liberação mais lenta de P2O5 e ainda, acrescentando matéria orgânica nos solos, melhorando suas características físico-químicas e possibilitando um aumento de produtividade. Assim, os objetivos principais desta tese foram a (1) fabricação de fertilizantes organo-fosfatados a partir do minério fosfático de Angico dos Dias, (BA) e de dois tipos de lodo de esgoto doméstico (biossólido) antes e depois das alterações realizadas no reator, para avaliar se as mudanças promoveram modificações nos compostos; e a (2) caracterização dos compostos obtidos por métodos químicos (pH, Análise Elementar, Fracionamento Seqüencial do P e Solubilidade do P); mineralógicos (DRX, MEV/EDS e TG); e espectroscópicos (FTIR, FIL e RPE). Os resultados obtidos indicaram que as alterações realizadas no reator promoveram significativas mudanças nas características químicas dos compostos, especialmente na solubilidade do P. A caracterização dos compostos Humifert mostrou que o processo foi capaz de modificar tanto a rocha fosfática quanto a matéria orgânica, transformando as formas menos solúveis presentes nesses materiais para formas mais solúveis. A disponibilização do P da rocha fosfática e a possível formação de humic-like substances devido à degradação da matéria orgânica promovida pelo ataque ácido permitiram a formação de complexos humato fosfato, que resultaram na precipitação de brushite-like.
Title in English
Organic-phosphate fertilizers produced by Humifert process study of transformations and characterization of products
Keywords in English
Alternative fertilizer
Organic matter
Phosphate rock
Phosphorus
Abstract in English
The Humifert process has been to improve utilization of phosphatic rocks considered by manufactures as low-grade ore. In addition, this process utilizes organic waste such as biosolid to create an organic phosphate compound. The Humifert process involves reacting phosphate rock with organic waste in a bench reactor, with nitric acid that is just generated when nitric oxides come into the mixture (Sternicha 1980; Silverol et al. 2007). The apatite grains from the phosphatic rock are partially dissolved, releasing PO43-, which can associate with organic phases present or transformed during the nitric reactions. Then, organic phosphatic compounds are generated, more soluble than natural phosphate rocks, but less soluble than traditional fertilizers. The aims of this study were (1) to make phosphate-organic fertilizers with igneous phosphatic rock from Angico dos Dias, Bahia, Brazil and two kinds of biosolids (non-composted and composted); (2) to evaluate Humifert compounds produced before and after modifications in Humiferts reactor and if this modification promoted an improve on P solubility and (3) to characterize compounds obtained by several techniques (pH, elemental composition, sequential P fractionation, P solubility, X Ray Diffaction, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Fourier Transformer Infrared Spectroscopy, Termogravimetry, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Laser-Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy. The results obtained indicate that Humifert process had effectively converted P from phosphatic rock to more soluble forms and new P compounds associated with inorganic and organic phases. The characterization of Humifert compounds showed that process modified phosphate rock as well as organic matter. Compounds demonstrated some transformations, from less soluble forms to more soluble forms and we were supposed that during Humifert process was formed humic-like substances and also brushite-like precipitation. This transformation is significant, because the acid attack from Humifret process was capable to degrade organic matter and thus formed new humato-phosphate complex.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-03-01
 
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