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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.43.2007.tde-29022008-105215
Document
Author
Full name
Charles da Rocha Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Cornejo, Daniel Reinaldo (President)
Fantini, Marcia Carvalho de Abreu
Knobel, Marcelo
Title in Portuguese
Estudo das interações magnéticas em nanofios de Ni obtidos por eletrodeposição AC
Keywords in Portuguese
Interações magnéticas
Inversão de magnetização
Nanofios de Ni
Abstract in Portuguese
Foram feitos estudos das propriedades magnéticas e estruturais em nanofios de níquel em uma lâmina de alumínio. As amostras foram obtidas através da anodização em duas etapas, seguida de uma eletrodeposição AC. Foi verificado que o aumento do potencial usado nas anodizações acarretam em um aumento do tamanho dos grãos cristalinos de níquel e dos diâmetros dos nanofios. O tamanho dos grãos de níquel e dos diâmetros dos nanofios variaram, respectivamente, entre 10 a 20 nm e 30 a 50 nm. As amostras apresentam alta anisotropia de forma, com coercividade entre 565 a 725 Oe. As interações magnéticas foram estudadas através das curvas `delta´M, estas mostraram que as interações desmagnetizantes são dominantes nestes sistemas. O modelo de Stoner-Wohlfarth, acréscido de um termo de interação foi utilizado para simular e interpretar o comportamento magnético dos nanofios. Através dos resultados numéricos e experimentais foi verificado que a componente reversível (Mrev) da magnetização independe do estado inicial do sistema, diferentemente do comportamento para a componente irreversível (Mirr). Através da análise das curvas de Mrev(Mirr)Hi , provenientes dos resultados numéricos e experimentais, foi verificado que existe um forte indicativo quanto ao modo de inversão da magnetização por curling, para nanofios
Title in English
Study of the magnetic interactions in Ni nanowires prepared by AC electrodeposition
Keywords in English
Magnetic interactions
Magnetization reversol
Nanowire of Ni
Abstract in English
Studies of magnetic and structural properties of nickel nanowires deposited on nanoporous alumina membranes were carried out. The samples were obtained by a two-step anodization, followed by an AC electrodeposition. It was noted that the diameters of the nanowires and the crystalline grain size of the deposited nickel increase with the anodization voltage. The mean diameters and the grain sizes varied from 10 to 20 nm and from 30 to 50 nm, respectively. The samples exhibited a strong shape anisotropy, with coercivities between 565 and 725 Oe. Magnetic interactions were studied via `delta´M curves, which showed that the dominant interactions are rather demagnetizing in these systems. An interacting Stoner-Wohlfarth model was developed to simulate and reproduce the magnetic behavior of the nanowires. From the comparison between numerical and experimental results (which exhibit excellent agreement), it was noted that reversible components of magnetization (Mrev) do not depend on the initial state of the system, whereas irreversible components (Mirr) do. From the analysis of Mrev(Mirr)Hi curves of numerical and experimental results, it was noted that there is strong evidence for the curling magnetization reversal mode for these systems
 
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Publishing Date
2008-03-24
 
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