• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.43.2017.tde-01082017-155641
Document
Author
Full name
Hudson Kazuo Teramoto Mendonça
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Teotonio Sobrinho, Paulo (President)
Barata, Joao Carlos Alves
Batista, Eliezer
Mendes, Carlos Molina
Piccione, Paolo
Title in Portuguese
Teorias de 2-gauge e o invariante de Yetter na construção de modelos com ordem topológica em 3-dimensões
Keywords in Portuguese
Invariante de Yetter
Mecânica Quântica
Ordem Topológica
Teoria das Categorias
Teoria de Gauge
Topologia Combinatória
Abstract in Portuguese
Ordem topológica descreve fases da matéria que não são caracterizadas apenas pelo esquema de quebra de simetria de Landau. Em 2-dimensões ordem topológica é caracterizada, entre outras propriedades, pela existência de uma degenerescência do estado fundamental que é robusta sobre perturbações locais arbitrarias. Com o proposito de entender o que caracteriza e classifica ordem topológica 3-dimensional o presente trabalho apresenta um modelo quântico exatamente solúvel em 3-dimensões que generaliza os modelos em 2-dimensões baseados em teorias de gauge. No modelo proposto o grupo de gauge é substituído por um 2-grupo. A Hamiltonia, que é dada por uma soma de operadores locais, é livre de frustrações. Provamos que a degenerescência do estado fundamental nesse modelo é dado pelo invariante de Yetter da variedade 4-dimensional Sigma × S¹, onde Sigma é a variedade 3-dimensional onde o modelo está definido.
Title in English
2-gauge theories and the Yetter's invariant on the construction of models with topological order in 3-dimensions
Keywords in English
Category Theory
Combinatorial Topology
Gauge Theory
Quantum Mechanics
Topological Order
Yetter\'s Invariant
Abstract in English
Topological order describes phases of matter that cannot be described only by the symmetry breaking theory of Landau. In 2-dimensions topological order is characterized, among other properties, by the presence of a ground state degeneracy that is robust to arbitrary local perturbations. With the purpose of understanding what characterizes and classify 3-dimensional topological order this works presents an exactly soluble quantum model in 3-dimensions that generalize 2-dimensional models constructed using gauge theories. In the model we propose the gauge group is replaced by a 2-group. The Hamiltonian, that is given by a sum of local commuting operators, is frustration free. We prove that the ground state degeneracy of this model is given by the Yetters invariant of the 4-dimensional manifold Sigma × S¹, where Sigma is the 3-dimensional manifold the model is defined.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
TeramotoKazuoTese.pdf (3.06 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2017-08-01
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.