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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.43.1990.tde-28042014-162218
Document
Author
Full name
Luiz Guilherme Regis Emediato
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1990
Supervisor
Committee
Cybulska, Ewa Wanda (President)
Lima, Celso Luiz
Saxena, Rajendra Narain
Title in Portuguese
Estudo de bandas rotacionais em ANTPOT.136 PR atraves do metodo de espectroscopia gama em linha.
Keywords in Portuguese
Espectroscopia
Estrutura nuclear
Medidas de coincidência --t e distribuições angulares
Núcleo impar-impar
Reação de fusão-evaporação
Abstract in Portuguese
Utilizando tecnicas de espectroscopia-GAMA em linha e reacoes do tipo (hi, xnypGAMA) que populam estados de alto spin estudou-se a estrutura do nucleo duplamente impar ANTPOT.136 PR atraves das reacoes ANTPOT.123 SB (ANTPOT.16 O, 3n)ANTPOT.136 PR e ANTPOT.126 TE (ANTPOT.14 N 4n)ANTPOT.136 PR. Foram realizadas medidas de funcoes de excitacao em quatro energias, e coincidencias GAMA-GAMA-t e distribuicoes angulares em 69mev e 56mev, respectivamente, utilizando detetores hpge de alta resolucao (2kev) e alvos de isotopos enriquecidos de ANTPOT.123 SB (99%) e ANTPOT.126 TE (94%) com espessuras de aproximadamente 9mg/CENTIMETROS QUADRADOS. O esquema de niveis de energia do ANTPOT.136 PR evidencia duas bandas rotacionais que populam um estado isomerico com meia-vida de 92ns. A banda yrast e caracterizada por um staggering em seus niveis de energia, com transicoes m1 intensas e e2 fracas baseada na configuracao PI (h ind.11/2) IND.1/2 TETA NI (h ind.11/2) IND.9/2, de acordo com a sistematica da regiao de massa a=130, mostrando um pequeno energy splitting de 40kev. Na banda secundaria pressupoe-se a configuracao PI (d ind.5/2) IND.3/2 TETA NI (h ind.11/2) IND.11/2. Os resultados experimentais foram interpretados com base no cranked shell model que predizem deformacoes GAMA pequenas e negativas na regiao dos LA e PR
Title in English
Study of rotational bands in 136 Pr by gamma spectroscopy line method.
Keywords in English
--t coincidence measures and angular distributions
fusion-evaporation reaction
Nuclear structure
odd-odd nucleus
spectroscopy
Abstract in English
The structure of the doubly odd nucleus 136pr has been studied using techniques of on-line -spectroscopy with the reactions 123Sb (16O,3n) 136 Pr and 126Te(14 N,4n)136 Pr populating high spin states. The excitation functions were measured at four energies, and - t coincidences and angular distributions at 69MeV and 56MeV , respectively, using high resolution HPGe detectors (2keV) and targets of enriched isotopes of 123 Sb (99%) and 126Te (94%) with thicknesses of approximately 9mg/cm². The energy level scheme of 136Pr shows two rotational bands which populate one isomeric state with a half-life of 92s. The Yrast band is characterized by the staggering in energy levels with intense M1 transitions and weak E2 transitions, based on a configuration (h11/2)1/2 v(h11/2)9/2 in agreemment with the sistematics of the mass region A = 130. There is a small energy splitting of 40keV. For the secondary band a configuration n(d5/2)3/2 (h11/2)11/2 is possible. Experimental results were interpreted within the framework of the Cranked Shell Model which predicts small negative deformations in the La and Pr region.
 
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42256Emediato.pdf (4.88 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2014-05-05
 
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