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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.43.1993.tde-04122013-162039
Document
Author
Full name
Luiz Carlos Gomes
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1993
Supervisor
Committee
Lewin, Thereza Borello (President)
Brinati, Jose Roberto
Galetti, Diógenes
Ribas, Roberto Vicencotto
Vanin, Vito Roberto
Title in Portuguese
Estudo dos primeiros estados coletivos de isótopos pares de rutênio
Keywords in Portuguese
Estrutura nuclear
Reações nucleares
Abstract in Portuguese
Parâmetros de deformação nuclear de massa, inéditos, e de carga, associados aos primeiros estados 2 POT.+ dos isótopos ANTPOT.100 Ru, ANTPOT.102 Ru e ANTPOT.104 Ru, foram extraídos simultaneamente a partir da análise de espalhamentos inelásticos de dêuterons e partículas alfa. Foram obtidas distribuições angulares, com dêuterons incidentes de 13,2 MeV, detalhando a região de máxima interferência nuclear-coulombiana, utilizando-se emulsões nucleares no plano focal de um espectrógrafo magnético tipo Enge. As medidas de espalhamento elástico e inelástico de partículas alfa forma realizadas, com a utilização de detetores de barreira de superfície, compreendendo funções de excitação, em = 172,8 POT. 0, entre 9 MeV e 17 MeV (incluindo regiões de excitação coulombiana pura e de interferência nuclear-coulombiana), e também distribuições angulares a 22 MeV para o ANTPOT.100 Ru. Ajustes das distribuições angulares e funções de excitação dos espalhamentos inelásticos, com previsões DWBA calculadas com fator de forma coletivo, permitiram a extração dos parâmetros de deformação, através de metodologia criticamente estabelecida no presente trabalho. A informação original de estrutura nuclear obtida refere-se a um aumento da deformação nuclear de massa com acréscimo do número de nêutrons, que entretanto, definitivamente não acompanha o aumento da deformação de carga. A coerência entre os resultados com os dois projéteis e a ótima concordância com os dados de excitação coulombiana da literatura convalidam o método de medida e de análise.
Title in English
Study of the first collective states of even ruthenium isotopes
Keywords in English
Nuclear reactions
Nuclear structure
Abstract in English
Nuclear deformation parameters characterizing separately the mass and the charge contributions to the excitation of the first 2 POT.+ states of ANTPOT.100 Ru, ANTPOT.102 Ru and ANTPOT.104 Ru were simultaneously extracted in the analysis of inelastic scattering of both deuterons and alpha-particles. Angular distributions detailing the region of maximal coulomb-nuclear interference were recorded for deuterons of 13.2 MeV incident energy, with nuclear emulsions at the focal plane of an Enge split-pole magnetic spectrograph. Elastic and inelastic alpha-particle scattering was observed with surface barrier detectors, both as excitation functions at = 172,8 POT. 0, for alpha energies between 9 MeV and 17 MeV (covering pure coulomb excitation and interference), and as an angular distribution for ANTPOT.100 Ru at 22 MeV. The deformation parameters were extracted by means of DWBA fits to these data, employing a collective form factor within an analysis method critically established in the present work. The original nuclear structure information thus obtained gives evidence for an increase of the nuclear mass deformation as one or two neutrons pairs are added, but in a definitely less pronounced way than that of the charge deformation. The very good agreement between our results obtained with both deuterons and alphas, and with coulomb excitation experiments, validates the method of measurement and analysis.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-02-19
 
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