• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.42.2014.tde-18112014-153057
Document
Author
Full name
Tassia Santos Rodrigues da Costa
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Michelini, Lisete Compagno (President)
Lacchini, Silvia
Oliveira, Edilamar Menezes de
Title in Portuguese
Efeito do treinamento aeróbio nas alterações sequenciais do miocárdio de SHR jovens: participação do sistema renina-angiotensina.
Keywords in Portuguese
Hipertensão
Remodelamento cardíaco
SHR jovem
Sistema renina-angiotensina
Treinamento aeróbio
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente trabalho buscou identificar uma possível relação causa-efeito entre exercício, SRA, remodelamento cardíaco e função autonômica na redução da pressão arterial (PA) induzida pelo treinamento aeróbio (T) iniciado na fase pré-hipertensiva. SHR, com 4 semanas de idade, foram submetidos ao T (55% da capacidade física, 1h/dia, 5x/semana) ou mantidos sedentários (S) por 8 semanas. WKY serviram como controle temporal. Os parâmetros foram avaliados nas semanas 0, 1, 2, 4 e 8. Nossos dados indicam que o treinamento iniciado ainda na fase pré-hipertensiva, protege o coração reduzindo a expressão relativa de receptores AT1 e a hipertrofia cardíaca, reduz a FC basal e aumenta sua variabilidade por facilitar o componente vagal alterando o balanço simpato-vagal ao coração. Estas adaptações contribuem para retardar a instalação, reduzindo substancialmente os níveis pressóricos atingidos na fase crônica da hipertensão arterial. A oposição precoce aos efeitos deletérios da hipertensão pelo treinamento é fundamental para minimizar seus prejuízos estruturais e funcionais.
Title in English
Effect of aerobic training on the time-course of cardiac changes in young SHR: involvement of the renin-angiotensin system.
Keywords in English
Cardiac remodeling
Exercise training
Hypertension
Renin angiotensin system
Young SHR
Abstract in English
In the present dissertation, we identified a possible cause-effect relation between exercise training, SRA, cardiac remodeling and autonomic function during the establishment of essential hypertension. 4 weeks-old SHR were submitted to aerobic training (5x/week; 1hour/day; 55% of maximal exercise capacity). Factors were assessed on weeks 0,1,2,4 and 8. Exercise training was able to attenuate increase AP, vascular sympathetic activity, cardiac remodeling and cardiac AT1 protein expression; to intensify decrease HR; to increase HR variance and cardiac vagal activity. Our data indicate that aerobic training, during pre-hypertensive phases, attenuates cardiac remodeling associated with decrease of AP, cardiac AT1 protein expression and autonomic dysfunction in SHR. Premature modulation of maladaptative effects of hypertension induced by aerobic tranining seem to be crucial to minimize long-term deleterious effects in cardiac structure and function.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Release Date
2016-11-26
Publishing Date
2014-11-27
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.