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Master's Dissertation
Full name
Ariane de Oliveira Turati
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2013
Cipolla Neto, Jose (President)
Castrucci, Ana Maria de Lauro
Curi, Rui
Title in Portuguese
Análise do perfil diário e dos mecanismos de síntese da melatonina pineal em ratos diabéticos por estreptozotocina tratados com insulina.
Keywords in Portuguese
Diabetes mellitus
Fisiologia cardiovascular
Glândula pineal
Abstract in Portuguese
Existem evidências sobre a queda na síntese de melatonina, principal hormônio produzido pela glândula pineal, associada ao diabetes tipo I. Assim, o presente estudo objetivou verificar se a administração de insulina em animais diabéticos tipo I levaria a normalização na síntese de melatonina. Foi possível constatar a reversão na queda da síntese de melatonina nos animais diabéticos tratados com insulina, enquanto diabéticos sem tratamento revelaram queda na síntese hormonal e no ganho de peso e elevada glicemia. A normalização glicêmica em função do tratamento com insulina parece ser o fator fundamental para o reestabelecimento do nível de AMPc pineal, da proteína e da atividade da AANAT e, por conseqüência, da produção de melatonina na glândula pineal já constatada após 2 dias do início do tratamento com insulina. De tal maneira, a hiperglicemia aparece como o fator responsável pelas alterações observadas na síntese da melatonina. Ainda, essa desregulação pode estar atrelada ao funcionamento inadequado da Na+/K+ATPase na glândula pineal.
Title in English
Pineal melatonin synthesis daily profile and mechanisms in streptozotocin diabetic rats treated with insulin.
Keywords in English
Cardiovascular physiology
Diabetes mellitus
Pineal gland
Abstract in English
There is evidence about the decrease in melatonin, the main hormone produced by pineal gland, production associated with type I diabetes. The aim of the present study was to verify whether the administration of insulin to type I diabetic animals would lead to reversal in the synthesis of melatonin. It was possible to verify the restoration in melatonin synthesis in insulin-treated diabetic animals, while diabetic animals without treatment exhibited a severe reduction in melatonin synthesis, lower weight gain and high blood glucose. The glycemic adjustment due to insulin replacement appears to be crucial for appropriated pineal glands physiology, since insulin-treated animals showed normal AMPc content, AANAT protein levels and activity and, consequently, regular melatonin production, as observed after 2 days from the beginning of insulin treatment. Pineal cell culture corroborates the prejudicial effect of high glucose concentration evaluated in vivo. Such effect might be associated with inappropriate function of Na+/K+ pump.
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