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Master's Dissertation
Full name
Camilla Ferreira Wenceslau
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2007
Rossoni, Luciana Venturini (President)
Souza, Maria Oliveira de
Xavier, Fabiano Elias
Title in Portuguese
Efeito da administração crônica a longo prazo de ouabaína sobre a pressão arterial e a reatividade vascular de artérias mesentéricas de resistência de rato: possíveis mecanismos envolvidos.
Keywords in Portuguese
Artérias mesentéricas de resistência
Reatividade vascular
Abstract in Portuguese
A ouabaína (OUA) promoveu hipertensão arterial (HA) após 5, 10 e 20 semanas de tratamento e modificou a função vascular de artérias mesentéricas de resistência (AMR). O tratamento por 5 semanas com OUA aumentou o óxido nítrico (NO) e a expressão protéica da isoforma neuronal de óxido nítrico (nNOS), ao passo que diminuiu os prostanóides vasoconstritores. Além disso, reduziu a expressão protéica da Cu-Zn superóxido dismutase (SOD) e aumentou a atividade funcional da Na+K+-ATPase. Já o tratamento por 10 semanas com OUA aumentou NO e prostanóides vasodilatadores, enquanto diminuiu a expressão protéica da nNOS e da COX-2. O tratamento por 20 semanas reduziu o NO e a expressão protéica da nNOS. Porém, aumentou o ânion superóxido, o tromboxano A2 e a expressão protéica de ambas: a SOD e a COX-2. Em conclusão, o tratamento com OUA promoveu HA e alterações funcionais em AMR, sendo estas dependentes do tempo analisado, pois no tratamento durante 5 e 10 semanas estas alterações não contribuem para a manutenção da HA, enquanto que o tratamento durante 20 semanas contribui.
Title in English
Time-dependent effect of chronic ouabain administration in rats on blood pressure and vascular reactivity in mesenteric resistance arteries: the possible mechanisms involved.
Keywords in English
Mesenteric resistance arteries
Vascular reactivity
Abstract in English
Ouabain treatment (OUA) developed hypertension after 5, 10 and 20 weeks and modified the vascular function in mesenteric resistance arteries (MRA). 5-weeks treatment with OUA increased nitric oxide (NO) and neuronal isoform of nitric oxide (nNOS) protein expression. On the other side, this treatment reduced vasoconstrictors prostanoids. Besides decreased Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) protein expression and increased functional activity of Na+K+-ATPase. 10-weeks treatment enhance NO and vasodilators prostanoids but reduced both nNOS and COX-2 protein expression. 20-weeks treatment reduced NO and nNOS protein expression. Nevertheless increased anion superoxide, tromboxan A2 and both SOD and COX-2 protein expression. In conclusion, OUA treatment induced HA and functional alterations in MRA that are time-dependents, because in 5 and 10 weeks of treatment these alterations are not likely to maintenance of HA, but the changes observed in the treatment during 20 weeks contributes.
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