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Doctoral Thesis
Full name
Plinio Minghin Freitas Ferreira
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2016
Nucci, Gilberto de (President)
Lopes, Lucia Rossetti
Mansur, Antonio de Padua
Muscara, Marcelo Nicolas
Nicolau, José Carlos
Title in Portuguese
Moduladores alostéricos da enzima guanilato ciclase na terapia anti-plaquetária: estudos in vitro, ex vivo e in vivo.
Keywords in Portuguese
Farmacologia experimental
Fármacos (sistema cardiovascular)
Plaquetas sanguíneas
Abstract in Portuguese
Embora pacientes em terapia dupla antiplaquetária, composta de aspirina e um antagonista do receptor purinérgico P2Y12, tenham melhor prognóstico, eles ainda sofrem eventos trombóticos. Frequentemente, relaciona-se o nível de inibição plaquetária destes pacientes à ineficácia do tratamento. A reatividade plaquetária destes pacientes é uma função do nível do bloqueio do receptor P2Y12 e dos níveis de óxido nítrico e prostaciclina, importantes mediadores endoteliais, os quais agem em sinergia tripla aumentando o nível dos nucleotídeos cíclicos intraplaquetários mantendo a plaqueta em estado quiescente. Pacientes com disfunção endotelial têm menor disponibilidade destes mediadores e, consequentemente, menor inibição plaquetária in vivo. Propõe-se uma nova estratégia terapêutica composta de um inibidor do receptor purinérgico P2Y12, um ativador da enzima guanilato ciclase e um inibidor da fosfodiesterase, visando aumento dos nucleotídeos cíclicos, resultando em um forte efeito antiplaquetário localizado e tendo aplicação direta à pacientes com disfunção endotelial.
Title in English
Soluble guanylate cyclase allosteric modulators as anti-platelet therapy: in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo studies.
Keywords in English
Drugs (cardiovascular system)
Experimental pharmacology
Abstract in English
Disorders on the cardiovascular (CV) system are responsible for 31% of deaths worldwide. When inappropriately activated, platelets can cause myocardial infarction and stroke. Dual anti-platelet therapy (DAPT), composed of acetylsalicylic acid and a P2Y12 receptor blocker (clopidogrel, prasugrel, etc) is recommended for the prevention of recurrent CV events. Whilst DAPT is associated with an improvement in patient outcomes, thrombotic events do still occur. Platelet reactivity of patients under DAPT is a function of the level of P2Y12 receptor blockade and the levels of nitric oxide (NO) and prostacyclin (PGI2), two important endothelium-derived autacoids. Therefore, a new antithrombotic therapy is proposed using soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) allosteric modulators independent of NO and phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors. Based on the results observed, the combination of a sGC activator and a PDE inhibitor given at low doses, in the presence of P2Y12 receptor blocker, could produce enhanced and localized platelet inhibition.
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