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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.42.2007.tde-07112007-150546
Document
Author
Full name
Vanessa Moreira
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Teixeira, Catarina de Fatima Pereira (President)
Sannomiya, Paulina
Scavone, Cristoforo
Soares, Andreimar Martins
Tavassi, Ana Marisa Chudzinski
Title in Portuguese
Efeitos de toxinas com estrutura de fosfolipase A2, isoladas do veneno de Bothrops asper e Crotalus durissus terrificus, e dos respectivos venenos, sobre a expressão de ciclooxigenases e produção de prostaglandinas
Keywords in Portuguese
Ciclooxigenases
Fosfolipase A
Inflamação
Prostaglandinas
Toxinas
Venenos de origem animal
Abstract in Portuguese
A ação de fosfolipases A2 (FLA2s): miotoxinas (MTs) ?II e III, isoladas de Bothrops asper (VBa) e CB2, de Crotalus durissus terrificus (VCdt) e os venenos brutos, sobre a expressão de ciclooxigenases (COXs) e síntese de prostaglandina (PG) E2 e PGD2 foi avaliada. As MTs e VBa mas não CB2 e nem VCdt induziram a expressão de COX-2 por leucócitos. Em estudos in vitro ocorreram a liberação de PGs e expressão de COX-2, após a incubação de macrófagos (M?s) com FLA22s e, de neutrófilos (N?s) e M?s, com VBa. A CB2 induziu somente a liberação de PGs. A inibição de FLA2 citosólica (cFLA2), diminuiu os níveis de PG induzidos pelas MTs, mas não pela CB2, e não afetou a expressão de COX-2 induzida pelas MTs. O envolvimento do NF-?kB na expressão de COX-2 foi mostrado com inibidores. Em conclusão, MTs, CB2 e VBa estimulam a síntese de PGs in vivo e in vitro e MTs e VBa, mas não CB2, induzem a expressão de COX-2. O VCdt não afeta estes parâmetros. O efeito das MTs sobre a expressão de COX-2 e PGs é mediado pelo NF-kB e pela cFLA2, respectivamente. Os efeitos de CB2 na produção de PGs são independentes de cFLA2s e COX-2. O fato da MT-II ser destituída de atividade enzimática sugere que a atividade catalítica per se, não seja relevante para os efeitos observados.
Title in English
Effects of toxins with phospholipase A2 structure isolated from Bothrops asper and Crotalus durissus terrificus venoms and the respective crude venoms on expression of cyclooxygenases and biosynthesis of prostaglandins.
Keywords in English
Cyclooxygenases
Inflammation
Phospholipase A
Prostaglandins
Toxins
Venoms from animals
Abstract in English
Action of the phospholipase A2 (PLA22): myotoxins (MTs) -II and -III, from Bothrops asper (BaV) and CB2, from Crotalus durissus terrificus (CdtV) and these venoms on cyclooxygenases (COXs) and synthesis of prostaglandins (PGs) E2 and D2 were studied in vivo and in vitro. Intraperitoneal injection of sPLA22s and BaV but not CdtV released PGD2 and PGE2. MTs and BaV but neither CB2 nor CdtV induced expression of COX-2 by leukocytes. Release of PGs and expression of COX-2 occurred in vitro after incubation of macrophages (M?s) with PLA2 and neutrophils (N?) and M?s with BaV. CB2 induced only PGs release. Inhibition of cytosolic PLA2 (cPLA2), reduced PG levels caused by MTs, but not by CB2 while did not affect MTs-induced COX-2 expression. Involvement of NF-kB in COX-2 was showed using with inhibitors. In conclusion MTs, CB2 and BaV stimulate the synthesis of PGs in vivo and in vitro and MTs and BaV, but not CB2, induce COX-2 expression. VCdt does not affect these parameters. Effect of MTs on COX-2 is mediated by NF-kB, and on PGs by cPLA2. Effects of CB2 on PGs are independent of cPLA2 and OX-2. Since MT-II lacks catalytic activity the PLA2 activity per se is not relevant for activation of this cascade.
 
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Publishing Date
2007-11-08
 
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