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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.42.2010.tde-18102010-082658
Document
Author
Full name
Fernando Luiz Kamitani
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Winter, Carlos Eduardo (President)
Baldini, Regina Lúcia
Camargo, Luis Eduardo Aranha
Guimaraes, Margareth de Lara Capurro
Maldonado, Gabriel Padilla
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização molecular de isolados de nematóides entomopatogênicos, Heterorhabditis spp. e seus simbiontes, Photorhabdus spp., provenientes de Monte Negro, RO.
Keywords in Portuguese
Bactérias entomopatogênicas
Biologia (classificação)
Controle biológico
Nematóides
Parasitologia
Rhabditida
Abstract in Portuguese
Os isolados de nematóides entomopatogênicos provenientes do solo de Monte Negro (RO) receberam o prefixo LPP seguido de um número sequencial. As linhagens de bactérias simbiontes receberam o prefixo MN como referência ao local de isolamento. As culturas dos isolados de nematóides entomopatogênicos LPP foram estabelecidas em nosso laboratório, sendo necessário cultivar também o lepidóptero Galleria mellonella para as infeções visando manter os nematóides em cultura. Os isolados, tanto de nematóides como das bactérias, foram identificados através do sequenciamento de genes ribossômicos (ITS 1 e 2 além do 5.8S para os nematóides e 16S para as bactérias). Análises integradas, abrangendo morfologia (em colaboração com a Dra. Claudia Dolinski e Inês Machado) e análises filogenéticas permitiram a identificação dos nematóides. Essas análises morfomoleculares mostram que as linhagens não podem ser descritas como novas espécies, baseadas apenas no local de isolamento, mas como pertencentes à espécies já descritas e bem caracterizadas. As linhagens de nematóides foram identificadas como pertencentes a duas espécies do gênero Heterorhabditis (Rhabditida): Heterorhabditis baujardi (LPP5, 7, 8, 10 e 11) Heterorhabditis indica (LPP1, 2, 3, 4, 9). A bactéria entomopatogênica simbionte isolada a partir do nematoide Heterorhabditis baujardi linhagem LPP7 foi identificada como pertencente à espécie Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. luminescens linhagem MN7. Análises filogenéticas mostram que há similaridade entre o isolado bacteriano e as outras linhagens já descritas de Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. luminescens. Ao mesmo tempo em que eram isoladas as bactérias simbiontes, ocorreu o isolamento de outra espécie de bactéria forética dos nematóides entomopatogênicos, identificada após sequenciamento parcial do 16S, como pertencentes ao gênero Ochrobactrum. As linhagens isoladas foram denominadas OMN2, OMN3, OMN4.
Title in English
Molecular characterization of entomopathogenic nematodes isolates, Heterorhabditis spp. and its bacterial symbionts, Photorhabdus spp., from Monte Negro, RO, Brazil.
Keywords in English
Biological control
Biology (Classification)
Entomopathogenic bacteria
Nematodes
Parasitology
Rhabditida
Abstract in English
The entomopathogenic nematodes isolates from Monte Negro (RO) soils received the prefix LPP followed by a sequential number. The strains of bacterial symbionts received the prefix MN as a reference to its isolation site. Cultures of LPP entomopathogenic nematodes were established in our laboratory and the need for suitable hosts were supplied by cultivating the lepidopteran Galleria mellonella. Nematode and bacterial isolates were identified through ribosomal genes (ITS 1 and 2, 5.8S for nematodes and 16S for bacteria) sequencing. Integrated analysis, including morphology (in collaboration with Dr. Claudia Dolinski and Inês Machado) and a phylogenetic approach allowed the identification of nematodes. These morpho-molecular analysis clearly showed that our strains can not be described as new species, solely based on the isolation site critheria. It should be described as belonging to previously described and well characterized species. The nematode strains were identified as belonging to two species of the genus Heterorhabditis (Rhabditida): Heterorhabditis baujardi (LPP5, 7, 8, 10 and 11) Heterorhabditis indica (LPP1, 2, 3, 4, 9). The entomopathogenic bacterial symbiont isolated from the nematode Heterorhabditis baujardi strain LPP7 was identified as belonging to the species Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. luminescens strain MN7. Phylogenetic analysis showed similarities between isolated bacterial strains and other previously described Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. luminescens strains. In paralel work, along with bacterial symbionts isolation, other entomopathogenic nematodes foretic bacteria were isolated and identified after partial sequencing of 16S, as belonging to the genus Ochrobactrum. The isolated strains were named OMN2, OMN3, OMN4.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-11-05
 
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