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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.41.2011.tde-26042011-232110
Document
Author
Full name
Jessyca Michele Citadini
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Iannini, Carlos Arturo Navas (President)
Andrade, Denis Otavio Vieira de
Gomes, Fernando Ribeiro
Title in Portuguese
A influência da temperatura no comportamento defensivo em Tomodon dorsatus (Serpente, Dipsadidae)
Keywords in Portuguese
Comportamento defensivo
Predador
Serpente
Temperatura
Abstract in Portuguese
Os vertebrados tetrápodes e ectotérmicos possuem a temperatura do corpo variável de acordo com a temperatura do ambiente. Estudos abordando lagartos e serpentes demonstram que diversos comportamentos ou funções dos vertebrados ectotérmicos sofrem direta ou indiretamente influência da temperatura na adequação biológica (fitness) (BARTHOLOMEW, 1982; HUEY, 1982; LILLYWHITE, 1987, MORI; BURGHARDT, 2001). O comportamento antipredatório constitui um caso especial dos comportamentos sabidamente influenciados pela temperatura, pois parece sofrer diversos tipos de alterações em diferentes grupos de tetrápodes ectotérmicos, como salamandras (BRODIE JR.; DUCEY; LEMOS-ESPINAL, 1991), anfíbios anuros (GOMES; BEVIER; NAVAS, 2002), lagartos (RAND, 1964; HERTZ; HUEY; NEVO, 1982; CROWLEY; PIETRUSZKA, 1983) e serpentes (FITCH, 1965; HERCKROTTE,1967; ARNOLD; BENNETT, 1984; SCHIEFFELIN; QUEIROZ, 1991; KEOGH; DESERTO, 1994; MORI; BURGHARDT, 2001). Esses estudos mostram que a temperatura pode afetar as repostas comportamentais tanto em termos de magnitude quanto de qualidade, o que permite supor que as mudanças no tipo de comportamento com a temperatura sejam consistentes com os efeitos da temperatura sobre o desempenho comportamental. O atual estudo testou, mediante uma análise do comportamento, a serpente Tomodon dorsatus (Dipsadidae) em diferentes temperaturas corpóreas, quando exposta a um estímulo externo simulando um ataque predatório. Esta espécie foi escolhida por apresentar um rico repertório defensivo (BIZERRA, 1998). Para as análises, os comportamentos defensivos foram classificados em dois grandes grupos: agressivos e passivos ou de escape, conforme o comportamento apresentado no momento do estímulo. No decorrer do estudo, foi observado que alguns animais eram excessivamente agressivos enquanto que outros eram extremamente propensos à fuga. Por isso, além da classificação inicial, foi feita outra análise que consistiu em classificar os indivíduos em dois grandes grupos: DPA (defesa por agressão) e FCP (defesa via fuga ou comportamento passivo). Neste estudo, observamos que houve uma grande variação individual no que se refere ao comportamento antipredador e essa diferença entre os indivíduos parece ser mais significante quando comparada à variação eventualmente induzida pela temperatura.
Title in English
The influence of temperature on the defensive behavior in Tomodon dorsatus (Serpente, Dipsadidae)
Keywords in English
Defensive behavior
Predator
Snake
Temperature
Abstract in English
Tetrapodes and ecotermicos vertebrates have a variable body temperature according to the temperature of the environment. Studies addressing lizards and snakes show that several behavior and functions of ectotermicos vertebrates suffer directly or indirectly influence of temperature on biological adequacy (fitness) (BARTHOLOMEW, 1982; HUEY, 1982; LILLYWHITE, 1987, MORI; BURGHARDT, 2001). Anti-predatory behavior constitutes a special case among behaviors influenced by temperature, because it seems to suffer from various types of changes in different groups of tetrápodes ectotermicos as salamanders (BRODIE JR.; DUCEY; LEMOS-ESPINAL, 1991), anuros amphibians (GOMES; BEVIER; NAVAS, 2002), lizards (RAND, 1964; HERTZ; HUEY; NEVO, 1982; CROWLEY; PIETRUSZKA, 1983), and snakes (FITCH, 1965; HERCKROTTE,1967; ARNOLD; BENNETT, 1984; SCHIEFFELIN; QUEIROZ, 1991; KEOGH; DESERTO, 1994; MORI; BURGHARDT, 2001).These studies show that the temperature affects behavioral responses both in terms of magnitude and quality, which suggests that the changes on the type of behavior with temperature be consistent with the effects of temperature on the behavioral performance. The current study tested through an analysis of the behavior Tomodon dorsatus snake (Dipsadidae) at different body temperatures when exposed to an external stimulus simulating a predatory attack. This species was chosen because it presents an enriched defensive repertoire (BIZERRA, 1998). For analysis, the defensive behaviors were classified into two main groups: "aggressive" and "passive or escape as the behavior exhibited when the stimulus. During the study, it was observed that some animals were overly aggressive while others were extremely prone to flight. Therefore, besides the initial classification was made a separate analysis was to classify individual in two groups: DPA and FCP. This division that was useful to analyze the influence of temperature in different animals in their degree of aggressiveness. In this study we found that there was great individual variation in relation to antipredator behavior and the difference between individuals appears to be more significant when compared with the variation may be induced by temperature
 
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Publishing Date
2011-05-23
 
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