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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.41.2014.tde-16042014-145819
Document
Author
Full name
Marcos Costa Valadares
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Zatz, Mayana (President)
Margarido, Paulo Francisco Ramos
Silva, Tatiana Jazedje da Costa
Vainzof, Mariz
Vasques, Luciana dos Reis
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação comparativa do potencial miogênico de células tronco mesenquimais adultas obtidas de diferentes fontes
Keywords in Portuguese
Células-tronco
DMD
Endométrio
Pericitos
Sobreviva
Tecido adiposo
Trompas e músculo
Abstract in Portuguese
As Distrofias Musculares Progressivas (DMPs) constituem um grupo de doenças genéticas caracterizadas por uma degeneração progressiva e irreversível da musculatura esquelética. Dentre as diferentes abordagens terapêuticas propostas para esse grupo de doenças, a terapia celular com células-tronco mesenquimais (CTMs) tem sido um foco importante de pesquisas. Muitos tipos de CTMs já foram descritas com o intuito de reconhecer qual o tipo ideal a ser usado em uma possível terapia celular para DMPs. Neste trabalho comparamos o potencial terapêutico de células-tronco de diferentes fontes obtidas de um mesmo doador. Escolhemos as células de pericito (CP) como ferramenta de estudo, uma vez que elas estão presentes em todos os tecidos irrigados por vasculatura. Isolamos pericitos de 4 tecidos da mesma doadora (endométrio, trompa, tecido adiposo e músculo). Em seguida, injetamos 1 milhão dessas células intraperitonialmente em camundongos Utrntm1KedDmdmdx/J (duplo knockout para o gene da distrofina e utrofina) semanalmente, por 8 semanas, e avaliamos a clínica e a sobrevida desses animais. Observamos que nas condições experimentais desse estudo, o potencial miogênico dessas células é insuficiente para ser utilizado como terapia regenerativa. Entretanto, apesar dos testes padronizados não detectarem nenhuma melhora clínica aparente, os animais tratado com pericitos de gordura mostraram uma curva de sobrevivência significativamente maior do que os controles não tratados. Como não houve diferenciação miogênica, esses resultados sugerem que os efeitos benéficos ocorreram através de liberação de fatores tróficos e imunoreguladores (efeito parácrino). É digno de nota que apesar das células serem todas derivadas de pericito e de uma mesma doadora o aumento de sobrevida só foi observado com células do tecido adiposo. Esses resultados indicam que o potencial terapêutico de CP difere de acordo com sua origem e que essa diferença não depende do genoma do doador. Esses resultados constituem um passo inicial, porém, valioso na compreensão do potencial de utilização dessas células em terapias
Title in English
Comparative analysis of the myogenic potencial of adult mesenchymal stem cells derived from different tissues
Keywords in English
Adiposa tissue
DMD
Endometrium
Fallopian tubes
Mesenchymal stem cells
Muscle
Pericytes
Survival
Abstract in English
Progressive Muscular Disorders (PMDs) are a group of heterogeneous genetic diseases characterized by an irreversible degeneration of the muscle tissue due to mutation or absence of a protein. Among the many different available therapeutic approaches to treat PMDs, cell therapy using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are one of the most studied ones. There are many types of MCSs described to date and the need to identify the best one suited to treat PMDs has yet to be addressed. In this thesis, we compared the therapeutic potential of different types of stem cells derived from the same donor. First, we chose pericytes as a tool of comparison, as this cell is unequivocally present in all vascularized tissues. We isolated pericytes of 4 different tissues from the same donor (endometrium, fallopian tubes, adipose tissue and muscle). We injected 1 million of these cells intraperitonially in Utrntm1KedDmdmdx/J mice (knockout for the dystrophin and utrophin gene) weekly for 8 weeks evaluating the clinical features and survival curve of these mice. We observed that, in the experimental conditions of this study, the myogenic potential of these cells is insufficient to be harnessed as therapy for regenerative purposes. However, despite the fact that the standardized tests did not detect any apparent clinical improvement, mice treated with pericytes derived from adipose tissue had a survival curve greater than control treated mice. As we could not observe any myogenic differentiation or cell engraftment, this results suggests that the beneficial effect observed could be due to the releasing of trophic and immune modulator factors (paracrine effect). It is noteworthy that despite all cells being derived from the same donor, the increase in life expectancy was only observed in pericytes derived from the adipose tissue. These results indicate that the therapeutic potential of pericytes differs according to their tissue of origin and the difference is not due to genetic differences. This is still preliminary data but it is valuable in understanding the therapeutic potential of these cells
 
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Publishing Date
2014-04-24
 
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