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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.41.2014.tde-16012015-150237
Document
Author
Full name
Juliana Plat de Aguiar Gomes
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Zatz, Mayana (President)
Bueno, Maria Rita dos Santos e Passos
Condino Neto, Antonio
Title in Portuguese
Comparação do potencial terapêutico de células mesenquimais e pericitos em modelo murino de distrofia muscular
Keywords in Portuguese
Células-tronco mesenquimais
Distrofia muscular
Pericitos
Abstract in Portuguese
As distrofias musculares progressivas (DMP) são um grupo de doenças genéticas hereditárias caracterizadas pela degeneração progressiva e irreversível da musculatura esquelética. A distrofia muscular de Duchenne (DMD) é a forma mais comum e mais grave de DMP, com prevalência de 1 a cada 3500 a 5000 meninos. Em geral, a perda da ambulação ocorre entre 9 a 12 anos e complicações respiratórias e cardíacas podem levar ao óbito a partir da segunda década. A pesquisa em terapia celular iniciou-se com o objetivo de reverter ou diminuir a progressão do processo distrófico através do repovoamento do músculo com células normais. Atualmente, acredita-se em um benefício terapêutico com base nas propriedades anti-inflamatórias, anti-fibróticas e imunomodulatórias das células tronco adultas (CTA). As CTAs mesenquimais são bastante heterogêneas quanto à sua composição celular o que ocasiona inconsistência de resultados. Por isso, a caracterização e separação de sub-populações através de marcadores específicos e o enriquecimento de culturas de CTA com um subtipo celular de interesse pode aumentar a robustez e o efeito das terapias. Uma dessas subpopulações é o pericito que, ao contrário das CTAs mesenquimais, foi bem descrito quanto à sua localização e função in vivo. Além disso, pericitos derivados de tecido adiposo humano aumentaram a sobrevida de camundongos duplo mutantes para distrofina e utrofina (dko). Dessa forma, este trabalho pretendeu comparar o potencial terapêutico de CTAs mesenquimais e pericitos de um mesmo tecido adiposo em camundongos dko. Conseguimos confirmar o resultado anterior, mostrando que os pericitos tendem a melhorar a sobrevida de animais tratados, sendo ainda melhores do que células mesenquimais, mas a melhora perdura somente durante o tratamento. A sobrevida é maior no começo do tratamento, sugerindo que o quanto antes o tratamento for iniciado, com animais mais jovens e sintomas mais leves, melhor poderá ser o resultado. Outras perguntas a serem pesquisadas na tentativa de melhorar o efeito terapêutico da terapia celular com pericitos são: número de injeções, quantidade de células a serem injetadas, tempo de tratamento e idade das células "doadoras"
Title in English
Comparison of therapeutics properties of mesenchymal cells and pericytes in dystrophic mouse model
Keywords in English
Mesenchymal stem cells
Muscular dystrophy
Pericytes
Abstract in English
Progressive muscular dystrophies (PMD) are inherited genetic diseases characterized by progressive muscle loss and weakness. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common and aggressive form of PMD, with incidence of 1 in every 3500-5000 boys. In general, patients with DMD are confined to wheelchairs around 9-12 years of age and death occurs due to respiratory and heart dysfunction after the second decade. Cell therapy research at first aimed to recover or slow down the dystrophic process by repopulating the patient's muscle with normal cells. However, nowadays it is believed also that therapeutic benefits occur by the anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrotic and immunomodulation properties of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). MSC are constituted by an heterogeneous cell population and therefore, cell sorting of the subpopulation cell of interest is being done routinely. By doing this enrichment, the effect can be more robust and powerful. One of the cell populations of interest for research is pericyte, which are cells well defined regarding their in vivo function and location, as opposed to MSC. Besides that, pericytes derived from adipose tissue were successful in increasing survival of double knockout mice for dystrophin and utrophin (dko). The present work aimed to compare the therapeutic potential of MSC and pericytes derived from the same adipose tissue sample in the dko mouse model. We confirmed our previous results, showing that pericytes tend to improve the survival of treated mice, and are even better than MSC from the same source but the trend was statistically significant only during the treatment period. Additionally, we also observed that the survival was better in the beginning of treatment, suggesting that earlier treatment may lead to a better therapeutic effect. In an attempt to increase the therapeutic effect of these procedure other questions to be asked are: the number of injections and number of cells per injection, the duration of the treatment and the "age" of the donor cells
 
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Publishing Date
2015-02-19
 
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