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Master's Dissertation
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/D.39.2020.tde-13052021-145905
Document
Author
Full name
Marcelo Alberto de Oliveira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2020
Supervisor
Committee
Saura, Soraia Chung (President)
Barreira, Cristiano Roque Antunes
Luz, Alexandre Meyer
Rubio, Katia
Title in Portuguese
O karatê: rituais, tradições e significados a partir da percepção de mestres e alunos
Keywords in Portuguese
Fenomenologia
Karatê
Mestres
Tradições
Abstract in Portuguese
A presente dissertação busca explorar a compreensão do fenômeno Karate, bem como do universo dessa modalidade esportiva e marcial oriunda da cultura corporal asiática, a partir da experiência do karateca. O universo do Karate é vasto de significados que se manifestam em vários campos na sociedade. Percebemos um campo complexo recheado de elementos tais como sentimentos, rituais, condutas e maneiras de interpretar, compreender, interagir e transformar o meio através de uma prática, que extravasam seu local de disseminação, sua escola ou Dojo (sala de treinamento). O objetivo da pesquisa foi investigar os principais elementos que caracterizam o universo do Karate no âmbito das artes marciais a partir da percepção de mestres e alunos experientes. Os objetivos específicos foram: descrever o campo do Karate, de acordo com a percepção e compreensão de mestres e alunos dessa modalidade; explorar as motivações e interpretações frente aos rituais, tradições, condutas e significados dessa prática. A pesquisa se realizou a partir de revisão bibliográfica, estudo teórico e entrevistas com praticantes experientes de Karate. O trabalho considerou como uma importante referência para este tema o aporte teórico do campo da fenomenologia. Os depoimentos de mestres e praticantes entrevistados trouxeram ricas contribuições para o estudo, a partir de elementos em destaque nas narrativas dos depoentes. Em relação aos períodos de prática foi possível identificar três momentos importantes na prática do Karate: antes, durante e depois do treinamento. Os significados atribuídos à prática em destaque nesta investigação estão associados ao dogi, ao dojo, aos lemas, rituais, relação mestrediscípulo, a figura do karateca e questões relacionadas aos conceitos de Karate tradicional e Karate esportivo. Considera-se preponderante o discurso de que o Karate é uma prática marcial ou esportiva que extrapola sua influência para além dos limites do Dojo, na medida em que os praticantes relataram experiências que ultrapassam os momentos de prática, associadas a noção de superação, autorrealização e autoconhecimento. Neste contexto, compreende-se que, em meio aos processos ensino-aprendizagem desenvolvidos durante a prática do Karate, o karateca interage e aprende com o outro, com o mundo e consigo mesmo
Title in English
Karate: rituals, traditions and meanings from the perception of masters and students
Keywords in English
Karate
Masters
Phenomenology
Traditions
Abstract in English
This dissertation seeks to explore the understanding of the Karate phenomenon, as well as the universe of this sport and martial modality originating from Asian body culture, based on the experience of karateka. The universe of Karate is vast with meanings that are manifested in various fields in society. We perceive a complex field full of elements such as feelings, rituals, behaviors and ways of interpreting, understanding, interacting and transforming the environment through a practice, which go beyond its place of dissemination, its school or Dojo (training room). The objective of the research was to investigate the main elements that characterize the universe of Karate in the scope of martial arts from the perception of masters and experienced students. The specific objectives were: to describe the field of Karate, according to the perception and understanding of masters and students of this modality; explore the motivations and interpretations regarding the rituals, traditions, behaviors and meanings of this practice. The research was carried out through bibliographic review, theoretical study and interviews with experienced Karate practitioners. The work considered as an important reference for this theme the theoretical contribution of the field of phenomenology. The testimonies of interviewed teachers and practitioners brought rich contributions to the study, based on elements highlighted in the interviewees' narratives. Regarding the practice periods, it was possible to identify three important moments in the practice of Karate: before, during and after training. The meanings attributed to the practice highlighted in this investigation are associated with dogi, dojo, mottos, rituals, masterdisciple relationship, the figure of the karateka and issues related to the concepts of traditional Karate and sports Karate. The discourse that Karate is a martial or sports practice that extrapolates its influence beyond the limits of the Dojo is considered preponderant, as the practitioners reported experiences that go beyond the moments of practice, associated with the notion of overcoming, self-realization and self knowledge. In this context, it is understood that, in the middle of the teaching-learning processes developed during the practice of Karate, karateka interacts and learns with the other, with the world and with himself
 
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Publishing Date
2021-06-01
 
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