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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.3.2016.tde-29042016-151112
Document
Author
Full name
Adriana Capelo Rodrigues
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Souza, Podalyro Amaral de (President)
Asp Neto, Nils Edvin
Tessler, Moyses Gonsalez
Title in Portuguese
Correlação entre taxa de recomposição do fundo, pluviometria e maré.
Keywords in Portuguese
Hidráulica marítima
Portos marítimos - São Luis (MA)
Transporte de sedimentos
Abstract in Portuguese
Este estudo teve por objetivo analisar as possíveis correlações entre as taxas de recomposição do fundo, pluviometria e marés para a região do Terminal Marítimo de Ponta da Madeira, Maranhão, Brasil. Foram analisados os dados de levantamentos batimétricos, pluviometria e marés, realizados na região do Terminal, além de dados de chuvas e vazões líquidas e sólidas provenientes do sistema fluvial da sub-bacia do rio Mearim, ligado ao estuário em que se localiza o Terminal. O período analisado compreende os anos de 2010 a 2013. Observou-se que há boa correlação entre vazões sólidas e líquidas no sistema fluvial, sendo que há variação sazonal de vazão líquida, relacionada aos períodos chuvoso e seco, com maiores vazões no período chuvoso. Foram observadas influências desta sazonalidade nas áreas de dragagem mais a sul no Terminal, com boa correlação entre taxas de recomposição do fundo e pluviometria. Em relação às marés, as influências foram melhor observadas nas áreas mais a norte, com boa correlação entre taxas de recomposição do fundo e marés nestas áreas. Os períodos com maiores intensidades de movimentação de fundo estão, de maneira geral, relacionados ao período de intensificação das chuvas e aos solstícios e equinócios, principalmente o equinócio de primavera. O método utilizado provou ser uma boa ferramenta de auxílio à previsão de movimentação e deposição de sedimentos.
Title in English
Correlations between bed recovery rates, rain and tides.
Keywords in English
Maritime hydraulic
Maritime ports - São Luis (MA)
Sediment transport
Abstract in English
The objective of this is study was to analyze possible correlations between bed recovery rates, rainfall and tides for Ponta da Madeira maritime terminal, located in Maranhão, Brazil. Bathymetries, rain and tidal data from the terminal area were analyzed, besides rain and river solid and liquid flow from Mearim river, which flows into the estuary. The data analyzed was collected from 2010 to 2013. There was good correlation between solid and liquid Mearim river flow, related directly to rainy and dry seasons. Seasonal influence was more important at dredging areas located at the terminal south region, which presented good relations between bed recovery rates and rain. North dredging areas bed recovery rates were more subjected to tidal variations. Generally, periods with high bed recovery rates were associated with rainy periods or either solstice and equinox, mainly in the spring. Such a methodology was considered to be successful as an auxiliary tool to predict bed behavior.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-06-07
 
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