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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.3.2018.tde-20092018-091223
Document
Author
Full name
Raphael Baldusco da Silva
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Angulo, Sérgio Cirelli (President)
Kulakowski, Marlova Piva
Repette, Wellington Longuini
Title in Portuguese
Reidratação de cimento de alto forno: análise e otimização por técnicas combinadas de caracterização.
Keywords in Portuguese
Altos fornos
Cimento Portland
Desidratação
Reidratação
Técnicas combinadas
Abstract in Portuguese
Os finos de resíduos cimentícios (previamente hidratados) podem ser reciclados através de tratamento térmico, tornando-se um ligante alternativo. Quando tratados termicamente em temperaturas inferiores a 550ºC, o processo não gera emissões de CO2 relativas à descarbonatação do calcário. Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo reativar o cimento Portland de alto forno (CP III) previamente hidratado, desidratando-o em temperatura de 500°C com patamar de 2h e reidratando-o com teores de água e de dispersante variados. Inicialmente foram realizadas caracterizações a fim de comparar as características físico-químicas do cimento desidratado com o cimento anidro. Posteriormente, foram analisadas as transformações de fases observadas com a hidratação, desidratação e reidratação do cimento. A segunda parte do estudo foi de otimização das pastas reidratadas e hidratadas, onde foram definidas condições ideais de dispersão, com a saturação ideal de dispersantes e teores mínimos de água resultado em pastas com volume de poros menores e consequentemente resistências mais elevadas. Os resultados obtidos comprovaram que o cimento desidratado se reidrata e forma fases similares às fases formadas na hidratação, como C-S-H, portlandita, hidrotalcita, etc. O cimento de alto forno carbonata mais do que o cimento Portland (CP V). Devido à área superficial elevada (14 vezes superior ao do cimento anidro), o cimento desidratado libera calor de molhagem elevado, consequencia da recombinação da água com as fases desidratadas. Observou-se ainda que, é possível controlar a resistência à compressão da pasta reidratada, otimizando o volume de poros presentes nas pastas. As resistências das pastas reidratadas com dispersante aos 28 dias foram 2,37 vezes maiores quando comparados com sistemas aglomerados. Com relação a porosidade, há indícios que é possível obter níveis de porosidade para as pastas reidratadas semelhantes com a pasta hidratada.
Title in English
Rehydration of blast furnace slag cement: analysis and optimization by combined characterization techniques.
Keywords in English
Blast furnace Portland cement
Combined techniques
Dehydration
Rehydration
Abstract in English
The fines of cementitious wastes (previously hydrated) can be recycled through heat treatment, becoming an alternative binder. When heat treated at temperatures below 550°C, the process does not generate CO2 emissions relative to limestone decarbonation. The objective of this research was to reactivate the previously hydrated Portland cement (CP III), dehydrating it at a temperature of 500°C with a 2-hours plateau and rehydrating it with varying water and dispersant contents. Characterization was initially performed to compare the physicochemical characteristics of dehydrated cement (DC) with anhydrous cement (AC). Subsequently, the AC-HP phase transformations for DC-RP were analyzed. The second part of the study was the optimization of rehydrated (RP) and hydrated (HP) pastes, where ideal dispersion conditions were defined, with optimum dispersant and water minimum contents, resulting in pastes with smaller pore volumes and consequently more compressive strength high. The results confirm that the DC rehydrates and forms phases similar to the phases formed in the hydration, such as C-S-H, portlandite, hydrotalcite, etc. The blast furnace cement carbonate more than Portland cement (no additions). Due to the high surface area (14 times higher than that of the AC), the DC releases high wetting heat, due to the recombination of the water with the dehydrated phases. It was also observed that it is possible to control the compressive strength of the rehydrated paste by optimizing the pore volume present in the pastes. The strengths of dispersed pastes with additives at 28 days were 2.37 times higher when compared to agglomerated systems. With respect to porosity, there are indications that it is possible to obtain porosity levels for the similar rehydrated pastes with the hydrated paste.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-09-21
 
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