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Master's Dissertation
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/D.3.2020.tde-07012020-122139
Document
Author
Full name
Carlos Henrique Pompeo Teles
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Almeida, Carlos Frederico Meschini (President)
Oliveira Junior, Silvio de
Rosa, Luiz Henrique Leite
Title in Portuguese
Estudos de novas propostas para fornecimento de energia elétrica a plataformas offshore de óleo e gás com aplicação na Bacia de Santos.
Keywords in Portuguese
Alternativas
Corrente alternada
Corrente contínua
Energia elétrica
Óleo e gás
Plataformas
Abstract in Portuguese
Diante do cenário atual do suprimento de energia elétrica a plataformas offshore de óleo e gás da Bacia de Santos, no Brasil, esta dissertação visa contextualizar e confrontar a solução técnica mais comumente utilizada para geração local de energia referente ao emprego de turbinas a gás que tem por características intrínsecas a apresentação de baixas taxas de eficiência energética e as significativas emissões de gases prejudiciais à atmosfera terrestre. Apesar de diretrizes regulatórias terem sido já implementadas na Europa visando redução drástica da poluição gerada pelas turbinas a gás em plataformas de mesma finalidade, tal regulação encontra-se em parâmetros embrionários sob a ótica da seara nacional. Neste contexto, essa dissertação confronta tal solução a partir da recomendação do emprego de soluções baseadas na transmissão de energia elétrica através de cabos submarinos desde a costa, isto é, através do conceito denominado do inglês power from shore (PFS). Para tanto, esse trabalho visa determinar unifilares típicos para plataformas genéricas da Bacia de Santos, analisando as disposições das cargas para posterior apresentação e análise de novas propostas de soluções técnicas para fornecimento de energia elétrica utilizando-se de transmissão via cabos submarinos em corrente alternada ou em corrente contínua para futuras aplicações. Os resultados permitem identificar as tecnologias empregáveis de acordo com cada campo específico da Bacia de Santos, tratando ainda de elencar eventuais vantagens e desvantagens das aplicações propostas.
Title in English
Studies of new proposals for power supply to offshore oil and gas platforms with application in Santos Basin.
Keywords in English
Alternating current
Alternatives
Direct current
Electricity
Oil and gas
Platforms
Abstract in English
Given the current scenario of supplying electricity to offshore oil and gas platforms in the Santos Basin, Brazil, this dissertation aims to contextualize and confront the most commonly used technical solution for local energy generation regarding the use of gas turbines that have intrinsic characteristics as low energy efficiency rates and significant emissions of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. Although regulatory guidelines have already been implemented in Europe aiming to drastically reduce the pollution generated by gas turbines on platforms with the same purpose, such regulation is in embryonic parameters from the perspective of the national harvest. In this context, this dissertation confronts such solution based on the recommendation of electricity transmission through submarine cables from the coast, that is, through the English concept called power from shore (PFS). Furthermore, this work aims to determine typical single line for generic platforms of the Santos Basin, analyzing the dispositions of the loads for further presentation and analysis of new proposals for technical solutions related to electric power supply using transmission via alternating or direct current by submarine cables for future applications. The results allow us to identify the employable technologies according to each specific field of the Santos Basin, and try to list any advantages and disadvantages of the proposed applications.
 
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Publishing Date
2020-01-08
 
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