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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Artur Baruchi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Midorikawa, Edson Toshimi (President)
Garcia, Islene Calciolari
Sato, Liria Matsumoto
Title in Portuguese
Memory Dispatcher: uma contribuição para a gerência de recursos em ambientes virtualizados.
Keywords in Portuguese
Gerência de recursos
Máquinas virtuais
Monitor de máquinas virtuais
Virtualização
Abstract in Portuguese
As Máquinas Virtuais ganharam grande importância com o advento de processadores multi-core (na plataforma x86) e com o barateamento de componentes de hardware, como a memória. Por conta desse substancial aumento do poder computacional, surgiu o desafio de tirar proveito dos recursos ociosos encontrados nos ambientes corporativos, cada vez mais populados por equipamentos multi-core e com vários Gigabytes de memória. A virtualização, mesmo sendo um conceito já antigo, tornou-se novamente popular neste cenário, pois com ela foi possível utilizar melhor os recursos computacionais, agora abundantes. Este trabalho tem como principal foco estudar algumas das principais técnicas de gerência de recursos computacionais em ambientes virtualizados. Apesar de muitos dos conceitos aplicados nos projetos de Monitores de Máquinas Virtuais terem sido portados de Sistemas Operacionais convencionais com pouca, ou nenhuma, alteração; alguns dos recursos ainda são difíceis de virtualizar com eficiência devido a paradigmas herdados desses mesmos Sistemas Operacionais. Por fim, é apresentado o Memory Dispatcher (MD), um mecanismo de gerenciamento de memória, com o objetivo principal de distribuir a memória entre as Máquinas Virtuais de modo mais eficaz. Este mecanismo, implementado em C, foi testado no Monitor de Máquinas Virtuais Xen e apresentou ganhos de memória de até 70%.
Title in English
Memory Dispatcher: a contribution to resource management in virtual environments.
Keywords in English
Operating system
Virtual machine monitor
Virtual machines
Virtualization
Abstract in English
Virtual Machines have gained great importance with advent of multi-core processors (on platform x86) and with low cost of hardware parts, like physical memory. Due to this computational power improvement a new challenge to take advantage of idle resources has been created. The virtualization technology, even being an old concept became popular in research centers and corporations. With this technology idle resources now can be exploited. This work has the objective to show the main techniques to manage computational resources in virtual environments. Although many of current concepts used in Virtual Machine Monitors project has been ported, with minimal changes, from conventional Operating Systems there are some resources that are difficult to virtualize with efficiency due to old paradigms still present in Operating Systems projects. Finally, the Memory Dispatcher (MD) is presented, a mechanism used to memory management. The main objective of MD is to improve the memory share among Virtual Machines. This mechanism was developed in C and it was tested in Xen Virtual Machine Monitor. The MD showed memory gains up to 70%.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-08-31
 
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