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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.3.2017.tde-02032017-143311
Document
Author
Full name
Thiago Fontoura de Andrade
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Wiebeck, Hélio (President)
Carvalho, Benjamim de Melo
Esper, Fábio José
Sinatora, Amilton
Valera, Ticiane Sanches
Title in Portuguese
Propriedades tribológicas do PEEK em ambiente lubrificado com óleo.
Keywords in Portuguese
Ambiente lubrificado
Atrito
Desgaste
PEEK
Tribologia
Abstract in Portuguese
As características tribológicas do poli-éter-éter-cetona (PEEK) contendo de 0% a 40% de fibra de carbono, sob deslizamento em ambiente lubrificado com óleo, foram estudadas para diferentes acabamentos superficiais da contrapeça. Os quatro acabamentos escolhidos, comumente usados na indústria automobilística, foram o torneamento, a retífica, o brunimento e o polimento. O sistema de teste usado foi o tri-pino-disco, com o pino em PEEK e a contrapeça em aço, sendo totalmente imersos no óleo ATF Dexron VI. Alguns parâmetros de teste foram mantidos constantes como a pressão aparente de 2 MPa, a velocidade linear de deslizamento de 2 m/s e a temperatura do óleo em 85°C. Analisou-se o efeito do tempo de deslizamento na taxa de desgaste e no atrito para o PEEK com 30% de fibra de carbono contra disco acabado por torneamento, estudou-se o efeito do acabamento do disco no atrito e desgaste do PEEK natural e do PEEK com 30% de fibra de carbono, avaliou-se o efeito da adição da fibra de carbono na taxa de desgaste e atrito em acabamento torneado e foi definido o regime de lubrificação para os acabamentos de polimento e torneamento para o PEEK natural e para os acabamentos de polimento, brunimento, retífica e torneamento para o PEEK com 30% de fibra de carbono nas condições de 2 MPa e 2 m/s. Constatou-se que o regime permanente de desgaste ocorreu a partir de 60 minutos após a estabilização da taxa de desgaste e coeficiente de atrito. O atrito e o desgaste do PEEK e seus compósitos se mostraram sensíveis ao acabamento da contrapeça, pois este foi o principal fator que definiu os regimes de lubrificação. Nas condições de teste supracitadas o polimento operou em regime hidrodinâmico, o torneamento e a retífica em regime limítrofe, e o brunimento em regime misto. Foi levantada a curva de Stribeck para o PEEK com 30% de fibra de carbono deslizando contra o disco com acabamento de brunimento para a faixa de pressão de 1 MPa a 14 MPa. Nestas condições foram observados os três principais regimes de lubrificação, tornando possível gerar um mapa que relaciona o regime de lubrificação com pressão, velocidade e coeficiente de atrito.
Title in English
Tribological properties of peek in oil lubricated environment.
Keywords in English
Friction
Lubricated environment
PEEK
Tribology
Wear
Abstract in English
The sliding tribological properties of poly-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) containing from 0 to 40% of carbon fiber were studied within oil lubricated environment for different surface finishing of the counterpart. Four different finishing processes commonly used in the automotive industry were chosen for this study: turning, grinding, honing and polishing. The test system used was three pin-on-disc with pins made of PEEK and counterpart made of steel, they were fully immersed in the Dexron VI ATF oil. Some test parameters were held constant as the apparent pressure of 2 MPa, the linear velocity of 2 m/s and the oil temperature at 85 °C. It was analyzed the effect of the sliding time on friction and wear of PEEK with 30% of carbon fiber on turning disk, studied the effect of disc finishing on friction and wear of natural PEEK and PEEK with 30% of carbon fiber, evaluated the effect of carbon fiber on wear rate and friction for turning counterbody finishing and the lubrication regime was for polishing and turning finishes for natural PEEK and polishing, honing, grinding and turning for PEEK with 30% of carbon fiber under 2 MPa and 2 m/s. It was found that steady state of wear occurred from 60 minutes of test after wear rate and friction coefficient stabilization. The friction and wear of PEEK and its composites were sensitive to the counterbody finishing; it was the main factor which defined the lubrication regimes. In the above test conditions polishing operated in hydrodynamic regime, turning and grinding on boundary condition and honing in mixed regime. The Stribeck curve was raised for PEEK with 30% carbon fiber by sliding against the honing finishing disk under 1 MPa to 14 MPa of apparent pressure range. Under these conditions the three main lubrication regimes were observed and it was possible to create a map that relates lubrication regime with pressure, speed and coefficient of friction.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-03-06
 
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